1.  Maitland Genealogy - THE PARKES FAMILY

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Issue Date: 21/9/2023.

The Parkes family of Willenhall, makers of Union Locks, includes Cope from Warwickshire and Turners from Staffordshire/Shropshire.

1.        Maitland Genealogy - THE PARKES FAMILY 1-1

2.        Sources: 2-2

2. Background on Canals on the Severn. 2-3

Wills: 2-3

Dudley Maps: 2-4

Photographs 2-4


3.        Summary 3-1

4.        ********************* GENERATION 4 ********************* 4-1


William Cyril Parkes 4-1

5.        ******************** GENERATION 5 *********************** 5-1



1/1.  William Cyril Parkes 5-3

1/2. Arthur Josiah Parkes (1890-1968). 5-3


6.        ********************* GENERATION 6 *********************** 6-1



1/1. Beatrice Parkes 6-6

1/2. Charlotte Parkes. 6-7

1/3. William Edmund Parkes (7/4/1855-1920), see his section. 6-9

1/4. Josiah Parkes ("junior")9a,4: 6-9

1/5. Catherine Parkes. 6-9

1/6. Elizabeth Parkes: 6-9

1/7. John Parkes: 6-10

1/8. Ebenezer Thomas Parkes. 6-11

....2/2. Alan Sterling Parkes, 6-11

1/9. James Harry Parkes9aw 6-13

7.        ********************* GENERATION 7 ********************** 7-1




DETAILS of BEATRICE TURNER (1800-1864): 7-2



8.        ******************** GENERATION 8 ******************** 8-1




Theodosia/Dorothy 8-4



9.        ********************** GENERATION 9 ********************** 9-1

WILLIAM PARKES (possibility) 9-1



RICHARD COPE – 1735 9-3

10.      ********************** GENERATION 10 ********************* 10-1

RICHARD PARKES (possibility!) 10-1

Elizabeth Davis 10-1




11.      ******************** GENERATION 11-14 ******************* 11-1




********************** GENERATION 13 ********************* 11-2


12.      17th & 18thC COPE FAMILY of POLESWORTH 12-1

THOMAS COPE - 1686 – Gen 10 12-2

RICHARD COPE - 1637 – Gen 11 12-3

RICHARD COPE -  D 1677 – Gen 12 12-4

John Cope D 1618 – Gen 13 12-4

Richard Cope  - D 1604 – Gen 14 12-4

13.      TURNER FAMILY 13-1











14.      Related Family Groups 14-1

Whitehouse 14-1

15.      Early Parkes of Dudley Region 15-1

Parkes in Summary 15-1

1. Parkes of Willingsworth etc 15-1

2. Parkes of Cackmore & Totnall 15-3

3. Parkes of Dudley 15-7

Waterfall: 15-9

Parkes – Nailers 15-10

William Parkes/Turton/Belloc Family 15-12

Phebe Turton/Parkes Deeds 15-15

The Belloc – Parkes Connection 15-16

Belloc Line 15-17

16.      Other Family Info: 16-1

A Incorrect Cope Family Line! 16-1

Richard Cope 1759 16-1

Richard Cope 1703 16-1


Cooper Family - From Graham Sadler, 2008 16-3

Descendants of Benjamin Broadmeadow Cooper 16-3

Descendants of William Riddle 16-5


17.      Research to do 17-1

Dudely RO Research to do 17-1

18.      Changes & Footnotes: 18-1


2.  Sources:

Findmypast website: FMPi – image, FMPt – transcript ACi – image, ACt – transcript
The images from these sites are of the original parish records.

1. Civil BMD Records              2. Parish Records.
3. IGI/AF.                        4. Census.
5. Family interview.              6: Newspaper & other publications   
7: Wills                          8: Tombstone
9. Family History                 9w: JP&S Documented history.
9a: AS Parkes.                    9p: Photo Albums.
10: trade directory               JB: Jill Bradley

A. Civil BMD Records                B. Parish Records.
D. IGI/AF.                          C. Census.
E. Family interview.                F: Newspaper & other pubs.
G: Wills                            H: MI
J. Family History                   K: JP&S Documented history.
ASP: AS Parkes.                     P: Photo Albums.
T: trade directory
ACdna – DNA contact

BMD civil records have been found from the indexes on Ancestry & Findmypast: these give a year and a quarter, FMP suggests spouses. The data from these indices is in the form of Q1-4 & year and the registration district. Births often have the mother’s maiden name as well, given after the Reg district in this paper.

Several people over the years have given me extracts of their work, which I have included, usually after cross checking.

Brannon Cope Web site:

A number of interesting articles appear on internet searches:
Hickman’s Bilston Iron works (Josiah Parkes 2 started his working life there)
A more general article on the great iron founders of Bilston & Wolverhampton.

Background on Canals on the Severn.



Lichfield indices have been searched for Parkes, Cope, Richardson, Gandy & Lister. Little has been found, most of our Parkes ancestors were of humble origin and left no trail. These wills are complicated by being in Peculiar Courts, and divided between Worcester and Lichfield, with some Shropshire wills in Hereford, in particular Broseley.

Endnotes contain source references (1,2,3...)
Footnotes (i,ii,iii ...) contain other references such as emails etc which should not be on the HTML files.

Trade Directories:
The Universal British Directory of Trade 1791 Vol 2
Wrightsons 1818 Birmingham – no relevant entries
Staffs 1834
Pigot 1828-9
Slaters (ex Pigot) 1847
Post Office Directory, 1850.

A paper of Worcester deaths in 1727-30 makes interesting reading: the death rate in this period far outstripped the births. There is no concrete evidence of the cause of these epidemics, which seem, unusually to have affected the adults, particularly the older members of the community.



J. A. JOHNSTON (from a Cambridge University resource)

Tipton PR:
Inhabitants of 1700 listed, widows as separate section, of the Whitehouses:
3 widows, Alexander, Amey, Thomas & Robert.

Dudley Maps:

The Dudley Borough came into existence in 1974 with the creation of the West Midlands County Council. The County Council was abandoned in 1986 when the individual boroughs that made it up took control over their own destinies.


The historic townships of the Borough were sub-divisions of the ecclesiastical and civil parishes. Most of them owe their origins to the settlements that took place in the early to mid Anglo-Saxon period and are therefore well over 1,000 years old. All the place-names are Early English (Anglo-Saxon). The Township included the whole area of the community, including: - the paddocks and closes which surrounded it and the arable open fields which surrounded them. Woodland, meadow and pasture land often occupied the outer limits of the township. They were in fact self sufficient units of farming communities. The settlements were the occupied or built up areas of the Townships. They included the village, hamlet or town.


All maps are representations of what the cartographer wishes to show in the landscape based on what he or she knows or can find out. The maps are indicative only and should not be used for planning purposes.


Several photograph albums have been copied and indexed:
CW Parkes albums contain portraits of many of the late 19thC Parkes’s and other families. Some have names, some do not!
AJ Parkes albums are later, and start with his WW1 service and then on into family life in the 1920’s and 30’s.

A paper entitled “Making Brass” gives a short history of the industrial development of the Dudley area, tied particularly to the South Staffordshire Coal Field.

British Newspaper Archive has no relevant entries.



                        RICHARD PARKES

                 |JOSIAH PARKES

                 |                       |Thomas Dunton

                 |                 |Isaac Dunton

                 |                 |     |       |John Blakemyre     

                 |                 |     |     |John Blakemyre

                 |                 |     |Judith Blakemore

                 |                 |           |Alice Poole

                 |           |Thomas Dunton

                 |           |     |Ann Fellows

                 |      JANE DUNTON

                 |           |     |Samuel Whitehouse

                 |           |Jane Whitehouse

           |JOSIAH PARKES

           |     |           |Richard Turner

           |     |     |WILLIAM TURNER

           |     |BEATRICE TURNER

           |           |     |William Cooper

           |           |Sarah Cooper

           |                  |     |James Sparrey

           |                  |Elizabeth Sparrey

           |                       |Elizabeth Sparrey

     |     |                                  
     |     |                                             |RICHARD COPE D1604
     |     |                                        |JOHN D1618
     |     |                                        |
     |     |                                   |RICHARD D1677
     |     |                                        |ELIZABETH
     |     |                             |RICHARD 1637
     |     |                             |     |MARGERY SPENCER
     |     |                             |    
     |     |                       |THOMAS COPE - 1686
     |     |                       |     |MARGARET

     |     |                 |RICHARD COPE
     |     |                 |     |
     |     |                 |     |     |WILLIAM HUDSON
     |     |                 |     |MARY HUDSON
     |     |                 |

     |     |           |RICHARD 1735

     |     |           |     |     

     |     |           |     |ANN SNEAD

     |     |     |WILLIAM 1799)

     |     |CATHERINE  |
     |           |     |THEODOSIA
     |           |

     |           |      |JOHN GANDY

     |           |SARAH GANDY

Arthur Parkes



1. Willenhall
2. Lock Making in Walsall (& Willenhall)
3. Bobbington
4. Trysull

Fryer Family
Parkes Wills full text



3.  Summary

     This section contains the main parts of the Parkes story: each of our direct ancestors (Richard, Josiah 1 & 2, and William Edmund) has his own section with more details. Likewise, the distaff side also has more on their details.
     Our Parkes family originated in the West Midlands and were the founders and major shareholders in Josiah Parkes & Sons, lock manufacturers of Willenhall, whose trademark "Union" became well known in the world building trade. At its peak, the company employed best part of 2000 people and had subsidiary factories in South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya and Singapore.
   The Parkes name, unusual in much of England, is very common in the Midlands. In a later section, I have examined a number of recognisable Parkes families in the area around Dudley, south west of Wolverhampton. They were mainly traders and early industrial workers: there was a big family of nailers making the hand made nails by the million. Another, somewhat more up market were farmers and businessmen around Dudley; a branch of this family moved to Warwick where they were mercers: the family of Hillaire Belloc, the writer was of this branch. There was, like many industrial families of the time, a strong non-conformist element. My Parkes grand parents were brought up as Methodists, although Arthur supported the Anglican church later.
    They married into various local families, some of whom were migrants from the country areas, presumably in search of work. The rise of this family and the country immigrants to the industrial areas is an example of the way the population moved and built up during and after the English Industrial Revolution.
    Professor Sir Alan Sterling Parkes FRS, son of ET Parkes, son of Josiah Parkes 2, was granted Arms in about 1982. His pedigree researched by the College of Arms, showed our earliest Parkes ancestor was Richard, the father of Josiah Parkes 1, who was a master baker from Dudley, born abt 1742, and married Jane Dunton in 1774 (our ancestor and third of his four wives); from the dates of his will and probate, he died spring 1808: this is confirmed by A3M. The college failed to find any convincing forebears of Richard: there was such a plethora of Parkes’s in the area then that it is very difficult to separate them. Whilst his will is held at Worcester (of which I have a copy), I have found no record of his burial, which the college may have done to establish a birth date of about 1742, although that may have been based on his first marriage.
     An indenture of 1796 relating to the sale and title of a small piece of land in Dudley clearly shows the sons of Richard, a baker of Dudley, and mentions Jane Dunton’s father and mother. The land contained 3 tenements, built by the then occupier.
     Our Richard was of a non conformist (probably Presbyterian) family: the records of such churches and chapels were not always to be found. Those that exist in a published form such as the Quakers show that each congregation covered a relatively large area. His 4 children were baptised in the Old meeting House in Dudley, as were the family of his Dunton in-laws.
     Jane Dunton’s father Isaac, and grandfather, Thomas were both Shoemakers/Cordwainers in Dudley and, like the Parkes’s, dissenters. Thomas’s marriage in 1657 in St Thomas Dudley implies a non conformist marriage: this was to a Judith Blakemore. The only woman of this name and time found was born well to the north of Wolverhampton; if they were Quakers, this is unlikely, but not impossible. It should be remembered that this was a time of great upheaval during the Civil War, and records were at times incomplete. The Duntons also intermarried with the Whitehouse and Fellows families, both common in the area.
      An extensive study of Parkes wills of the area shows none that refer to a Richard Parkes of the right time. More recent research in Dudley revealed a little more about him, deeds show him selling some property in Dudley; as well as a baker, he was probably the mayor of Dudley in 1781 and a man of some substance: more detail is given under his own section. There was an earlier “Dudley” Parkes family, one of whom, William was also a baker and mayor of Dudley in the mid 18thC : they had property at Watsons Green just outside the town. it seems very unlikely that they were not related, but no connection has been found (yet, Sep 2017).
     A possible line might have been Richard’s father, William (generation 9 below) & his father Richard in Tipton, but this is in the realms of speculation.

Dudley, by Turner about 1832.[1]

     Our line continues from Josiah, the son of Richard’s third wife (of four), Jane Dunton, whose family goes back to the early 17thC in Dudley.
Josiah, probably like many of his era, moved around the SW Staffordshire area: he first appears in a 1796 indenture where he is described as a Grocer & Chandler of Wolverhampton[2]. He then became a schoolmaster when his first 2 sons by Beatrice Turner were born in 1823, resident in Upper Gornal, between Wolverhampton and Bilston, Staffordshire. His son Richard was born in Bobbington Heath, a little to the west of Wolverhampton, in 1830, where Josiah was still a schoolteacher. The Bobbington Charity School is mentioned in the 1827 Enclosure Map: it was founded in 1792 by 2 Corbett sisters and Josiah must have been one of the earlier teachers there. By 1839, he had moved to Bilston and was a (silk) dyer and was living in Oxford St, Bilston by 1841 where he died n 1845. Beatrice, his widow later married Edward Whitehead, a grocer, also living in Oxford St.  Josiah’s age of 62 in the 1841 Census is not reliable: the figure on his death certificate agrees with the birth given above. He was also shown as a tallow chandler at some time later in life (son George’s marriage, 10 years after Josiah’s death).
    Josiah was a widower when he married Beatrice Turner in 1821, but no reliable information has been found about his earlier wife/wives. Three possibilities are shown on the IGI. Some ideas on this are in Josiah’s detailed section. The Turners came from an extensive, mainly agricultural, family in and around Bobbington, South West of Wolverhampton, probably explaining his time teaching in that village. A later section gives more detail of her family.
      Josiah and Beatrice had 5 sons who are recorded on the censuses. Not all have been found on the parish records, so there may have been other children who did not survive. They were very probably non conformists, and not all those records have survived, or been indexed. The 5 survivors left long lines of descendants: these are shown in detail under Josiah Parkes (1) section later.
     Josiah and his elder brother, William, were both born in Gornal, and were non conformists: Josiah 2's eldest son, William Edmund was a Methodist and brought his sons up in that branch of Christianity. The Methodist church was strong in the industrial areas in Victorian times, and encouraged the widespread use of biblical names for the children[3].

Bilston by Henry Warren mid 19thC

      Josiah’s eldest 2 sons, William & Josiah 2, were the founders of the iron merchant business, which eventually became the lock manufacturer of Josiah Parkes & Sons (JP&S). Both had a number of sons.
     Josiah 2's wife, Catherine Cope, was from a Warwickshire yeoman farming family who migrated into the Midlands for work on the then newly built canals. They were a large family centred round Polesworth. Some stayed there and others, Catherine’s father included, were migrants (see later in this paper). The Copes can be traced back into the 17thC.
    Josiah & Catherine had 4 daughters and 5 sons, all of whom, except one daughter, had children and left many descendants: several of the sons were at one time or other in family lock business. A fuller description of this extensive family is in Josiah 2’s detail section. They were good example of a successful Victorian manufacturing business family.

     Josiah 2 and his brother, William began their partnership in the 1840’s as iron merchants, having premises at 28, 29 and 30 Doctor's Piece, Willenhall. Josiah Parkes had been apprenticed to Hickman's Iron Works in Bilston and was an iron roller, living with his parents in Oxford Street, between 1841 and 1847, when he was married, but in the evenings he helped his brothers in the ironmongery. His wife's family also lived in Bilston, where her father was a labourer. When he was 27, he and his wife, Catherine, moved to premises at 3, Union Street and Josiah began working full-time in the ironmongers. The Parkes brothers traded very successfully in iron and steel with the locksmiths and also traded in the smith's finished products. For a period, they were in partnership with Edwin James Tonks, trading as EJ Tonks; the partnership was dissolved in 1863 and Tonks went on as a padlock maker.
   In these early days, the lock industry was fragmented: many men had specialised parts of the trade and would be shown as key makers or other components. Most small businesses at this time operated out of workshops at the back of their houses and this is what William and Josiah had been doing. As the industry became bigger, it became more integrated and a few big firms such as JP&S, Legge and others emerged producing a range of locking devices from one factory.
    In 1861 the brothers moved to larger premises - William to 78 Union St with his wife, Elizabeth and four children, and Josiah to 77 Union St with his wife and five children. As the business grew the Parkes children came into the Company. William's three sons all joined as iron merchants clerks.

    Josiah Parkes had five sons, who were younger than their cousins. Friction developed between the two families about who was going to control the business. To resolve the problem, William and Josiah dissolved the partnership in 1874 and set up two separate businesses, Josiah Parkes and Sons and Parkes, Parkes and Co., both trading from the same address.
     Later, in 1880, Parkes, Parkes & Co were at 88 Union St, Rim lock makers. Parkes, Parkes & Co were at first Factors & Iron merchants with William & his sons Samuel & Josiah; in 1879, Samuel left the partnership and set up on his own as a hardware merchant, as Samuel Parkes & Co, although later he seemed to have become involved in the lock business. Samuel’s younger brother, another Josiah became a brass founder.

     During the 1870's and 1880's, the company expanded when Josiah's sons joined the company and Josiah set up a company with one of his sons - William Edmund - as iron merchants and hardware factors and they moved into 28 Doctor's Piece. By 1880 business was doing well enough for Josiah to employ three men and expand the premises to 18, 29 & 30 Doctor's Piece, and Josiah Parkes, jnr and John Parkes both joined the firm, which changed its name to Josiah Parkes and Sons. William Edmund concentrated on the hardware section and Josiah looked after the iron merchanting.

     In 1887 Josiah Parkes Snr retired and in January 1888 a new partnership under the same name was  established between William Edmund, John and James Harry Parkes. Josiah Parkes Jnr carried on the iron merchanting business by himself, whilst the other brothers decided to concentrate on the manufacture of locks[4].

     As well as those of his sons who joined him in the business, two of his sons-in-law, Leonard Baxter (who married two of Josiah's daughters in turn, Beatrice and Elizabeth) and Richard Foster, married to Charlotte, were also involved[5].
     Josiah remained involved with the business as is shown by a photograph of the staff of JP&S with Josiah (and Catherine looking very severe and unamused Victorian) in the guise of the patriarch.

The family 1892
Back Row: John, ET, Josiah jnr, Richard Foster
2nd from back: L Baxter, Harry P, Mrs Harry, Mrs John (?), Mrs ET, Mrs Josiah Mrs WEP, WEP.
2nd from Front: Mrs Baxter, Josiah snr, Mrs Josiah, Mrs R Foster, ??.
Front Row: Miss L Foster, Miss F Parkes, CWP, EJ Foster.

     Some press reports (quoted under his detail section) show that Josiah snr was a liberal, and sometime vice president of the Willenhall Liberal Association. He was also involved with the National Schools of Willenhall, and spoke out in favour of a large proportion of a school board being “dissenters”: this was probably supporting his own religious convictions. On the other hand, 2 of his sons, Samuel & Josiah jnr were at a Conservative meeting in Willenhall in 1885.
     After Josiah 2’s death in 1899, the lock business was continued into the 20thC by Josiah 2's eldest son, WEP and later by WEP's sons, Cyril and Arthur: several of William’s brothers and brother’s in law were from time to time involved in the lock business.
     William was appointed a magistrate in 1917, and was at one time chairman of the Willenhall council. His detailed section contains more on his life. William’s wife, Elizabeth Fryer, came from a family of painters and decorators from near Alcester in Warwickshire who had spread out into the West Midlands. Arthur Parkes was the grandfather of the author of this paper. This male Parkes line died out with Arthur and Cyril, both of whom had daughters only. The family remained involved in the business for one more generation, with Donald Maitland who married Arthur's elder daughter, Rosemary. Arthur & Cyril’s cousin, Ted Fryer also joined the company and became chairman after Arthur.
    The Parkes & Fryers lived at various times in Doctor’s Piece, Willenhall: somewhere that achieved a gruesome distinction of being one of the places of emergency burial in the Cholera outbreaks in 1832 & 1849.

     There were Parkes in Willenhall in 1770 Trade Directory, but probably not our branch. They were Brass Knob Lock Makers of Little London. The trade directories of the time show how the manual trades of an industry such as lockmaking were divided, showing people with specific trades such as key maker. In later times, these specialities disappeared into the main businesses. An interesting effect of this early craft industry was that locks and door furniture were personal, valuable property. Many pre industrialisation doors show how the door furniture was changed frequently as owners moved on, taking their locks with them.
    Papers on industrialisation in Britain, with reference to Canals, and other items of interest is found here.

Other Parkes round Dudley:

    A small book about the early iron making round Dudley mentions a Richard Parkes, but in the mid 17thC.[6] It is mainly concerned with “Dud Dudley’s” attempts to patent his method of iron smelting using coal: important at the time to reduce the denuding of the native woodlands of England.

    There were a lot of Parkes’s in the area around Dudley, many with similar names. There are a number of wills in Worcester and in Lichfield for the Staffordshire parishes. A study of them links some together, but there are a surprising number where there are no related parish birth, marriage & death records. Where the will names a wife (often “my now wife”), there is no certainty at all that she was the mother of all or any of the testators children.
     They can, to a certain extent, be traced by land references in deeds and wills. However, by the mid 19thC, most of the agricultural holdings had disappeared under mines and industrial buildings.

There seem to have been several family groups:

One was an influential group in Sedgley, who died out in the mid 17thC, the manor of Sedgley passing from them to Lord Ward. They were the Parkes or Parkshouse family of Willingsworth, near Wednesbury, who married into the Lord Ward family, the only descendant appearing to have been Ann Parkes who married William Ward, of Birmingham.

Other identifiable families were yeomen of Halesowen area, others as nailers.

    An extensive group were the family of the William Parkes who was a baker and mayor of Dudley, but no obvious connection has been found. This family starts with William Parkes, a maltster, still alive in 1735, and his son, William the baker, who was married 1726 and died about 1769. Son William’s descendants move away from the area to Warwickshire. William II would have been almost a generation older than our Richard, but there is no obvious connection. William II and his son William III’s wills make no mention of any Richard. They were probably of the family who were ancestors of the poet, Hillaire Belloc. They had land in Netherton, outside Dudley. This family became quite prosperous.

Hillaire Belloc

Mother: Bessie Parkes, whose father Joseph had been a Birmingham solicitor, but lived latterly in London. She married at the age of 38 about 1868 (thus born 1830). Her uncle was a Josiah Parkes who died between 1868 and 18/8/1872, HB's father's death, probably nearer 1869.
Refer DNB for Josiah & Joseph Parkes.

Another family started with a lease of land at Totnall, leased from Lord Dudley and Ward. This holding appears for several generations.

4.  ********************* GENERATION 4 *********************

Cyril & Arthur Parkes were responsible for growing Josiah Parkes & Sons into a large international concern after their father’s death in 1920.

Josiah Parkes Gower Street Offices about 1933, well remembered by Antony & Lindley Maitland.



See his own volume For his full story

Issue of Arthur and Ethel (Lister) Parkes:
1/1. Rosemary Parkes, married Donald Maitland.
1/2. Elizabeth Ursula (Bunch) Parkes, married Peter Waddell.

William Cyril Parkes

These dates etc originate from family sources.
Born: 3/12/1887
Died: 8/3/1966, Funeral 15/3/1966 1230 St Giles Willenhall.
Married: Beatrice Newman. (b abt 1880, d 5/4/1965), prob abt July 1918.

Beatrice Newman, dau of Thomas & Emma,
Ch of Thomas & Emma: Betty, Em, Bea & Maude.
Thomas Newman, res 170, Sweetman St, 1890
Thomas s of Thomas & Elizabeth

William Cyril Parkes (later CW Parkes, CWP - his wife did not approve of the initials "WC"!), elder son of William Edmund Parkes, joined the family business in 1903.
Medal Awards show was Captain during the 1st war, sailing to France 1/3/1915 in the 6th South Staffordshire Regiment, and was awarded the Victory medal and the 1915 Star. In May 1916, he may have been a Captain, 6th Battalion (South Staffs), TA. He was a Captain when AJP married, 4/1915.

Looking at the regimental records, he must have been in the 1/6th battalion, the South Staffs.
1/5th Battalion, Territorials:
August 1914: in Walsall. Part of Staffordshire Brigade in North Midland Division. Moved to Luton area and in November 1914 went on to Bishops Stortford.
Landed at Le Havre 3 March 1915.
12 May 1915 : formation became the 137th Brigade, 46th (North Midland) Division.
January 1916: moved to Egypt, returning to France next month.
1/6th Battalion
August 1914: in Wolverhampton. Record same as 1/5th Bn.
1915: Lt South Staffs Regt
1925-38: on the Wolverhampton Chamber of Commerce.
1936-7: Director of South Staffs Building Society, then of Danesmoor, Tettenhall, as Captain.
1928-32, Kelly’s: of Pine Lodge, Newbridge Crescent, Wolverhampton
1940, Kelly’s of Danesmoor, Tettenhall.

CWP was seriously wounded and relinquished his comm(ission) as a Captain in the S staffs regiment on account of ill health 16 June 1916[7]; he must have been shot in the stomach as my mother, his niece, remembered him teasing the children that they could poke him in his middle and their fingers would come out the back! He rejoined JP&S with his father, and after the latter's death in 1920, became MD and was shortly joined by AJP. He remained as Chairman for much of the rest of his life. Under the terms of his father's will, he was the major shareholder in JP&S. He was a keen country sports person, shooting and salmon fishing.
1/1. Joy Bridget Parkes, born 8/3/1922, Wolverhampton,

died 27/2/1996, near Angouleme, France, registered Sussex.
Married: Norman Athol Power - further detail in the Power section

Issue of Norman & Joy:
2/1. Christopher John Parkes Power, (25/11/1951-81)

Married Avril Clare Patton about 30/5/1975, no issue.

2/2. Michael Richard Parkes Power born 19/3/1953

Educated at St Edmund's, Hindhead, Charterhouse and St Andrews University, where he met Victoria. Trained as an accountant, and by 5/2007 was Group Finance Director of JP Morgan Cazenove, retiring about 2011.
A self confessed petrol head, with and extensive, eclectic and changing collection of vintage and classic cars.
Married 15/1/1977: Victoria Seller, born 24/7/1952, daughter of Charles & Margaret (St-George-Ryder) Seller. She died at home in Sussex, 2/2/2010, with her funeral at Shipley Church, 12/2/2010.
3/1. Henry Power, born 21/2/1979.

4/1. John Power, born 23/10/2007 Bristol.
4/2. Iris Power, born 11/10/2009, Bristol.
4/3. Phoebe born 1/2014

3/2. Amelia Power, born 18/12/1980.

Married James Woodrow, 14/7/2012 at Shipley Church, Sussex.
4/1. Horace Woodrow, b 2011.
4/2. Oona born 10/2014

3/3. Imogen Power, born 17/5/1982.

Married Mano Stamatiou, Shipley, Sussex, 10 July 2010.
4/1. Achillles, born 2012
4/2. Persius born 15/12/14

2/3. Nicola Anne Parkes Power, born 11/11/1956.[i]

Married, 1980, with issue.
2/1. Edward.
2/2. Richard.


5.  ******************** GENERATION 5 ***********************



WE Parkes Picture



William, Elizabeth, AJ & CW Parkes (DH Collection, AJ Susser photograph)

BC, MC, DC & Will held.
Born: 7/4/1855BC at father's address: Union St, Willenhall. 
Parents: Josiah & Catherine (Cope) Parkes.
Died: 20/6/1920, of Fernside, the Manor, Willenhall.
Married: Elizabeth Fryer on 18/5/1881, Birmingham.

The following description of WE Parkes is compiled from histories of Josiah Parkes & Sons and from census and other records.

     In 1866, He was at Mr F.K. Williams Commercial & Mathematical Academy, Pipe Hall, Bilston. Two books of his "penmanship" from 1866 and 1868 have survived. The second finishes with a pencil drawing of a country dwelling dated Xmas 1868, and is well executed for a 13 year old. Maybe this is where his son, Arthur's painting skill came from[8].
     WE joined his father and brothers as a clerk in JP&S in 1870's, when Josiah set up a company with him as iron merchants and hardware factors and they moved into 28 Doctor's Piece. By 1880 business was doing well enough for Josiah to employ three men and expand the premises to 18, 29 & 30 Doctor's Piece, and Josiah Parkes, jnr and John Parkes both joined the firm, which changed its name to Josiah Parkes and Sons. William Edmund concentrated on the hardware section and Josiah looked after the iron merchanting[9].

      William lived at Doctor's Piece in the 1880's, but was staying with the Fryer family in Birmingham in the day of the Census in 1881: this removed any doubt about the correct Fryer line! He then described himself as a hardware merchant.

Doctors Piece, Willenhall.

     In 1887 Josiah Parkes Snr retired and in January 1888 a new partnership under the same name was established between William Edmund, John and James Harry Parkes. Josiah Parkes Jnr carried on the iron merchanting business by himself, whilst the other brothers decided to concentrate on the manufacture of locks. William was Chairman from 1916 or earlier until his death in 1920[10].
     A photograph exits of William and his wife, Elizabeth, as a young couple in a formal pose. The photographers address was in Sunderland: perhaps the picture was taken on their honeymoon?
     William and Elizabeth lived at Walsall Rd, Willenhall in 1890 when their younger son, AJ Parkes was born, and later (ref RJLP) the Manor Estate, Willenhall (inheriting his father's house, Fernside) and Paget Rd (WEP).  He was a Justice of the Peace and on the newly formed Willenhall Urban District Council[11].
     When his father died in 1899, he was of Thompson St. By 1901, he and his brothers, Josiah and Harry, his mother and Samuel Lister lived in Bank Street, Willenhall.
     He left the majority of his estate, after provision for Elizabeth, to his two sons, with the option of WCP gaining the controlling interest in the Company, which is what happened, something which annoyed the younger son, AJP, in later life[12].
     An attempt was made by the trustees of his will to simplify the will and leave all equally between the sons. It appears to have failed.
     In surviving photographs, he appears to be a humorous man, always with a nice smile on his face and neatly turned out, with a beard. Like most of his contemporary family, he seems to have been religious, probably Methodist, and maybe teetotal (on the slim evidence of staying at a temperance hotel in Liverpool in 1912!).



BC, MC, DC & Will held.
Born: 28/3/1853BC @ Lady Wood Grove, Edgbaston.
Parents: William, (Plumber & Glazier) & Caroline (Stait) Fryer.
Married: W.E. Parkes
Died: 18/5/1927DC @ Draycott Cottage, Newbridge Rd, W'ton.

Elizabeth Fryer seems to have been born at her brother's house in Edgbaston. The family lived in Birmingham, but retained contact with her mother's family in Temple Grafton, Warwickshire, visiting in 1861. The presence of her fiancée in the 1881 census staying in her parental home confirms that this is the correct Elizabeth Fryer. It appears that her Fryer grandfather lived in Union Street, Willenhall, this being probably the connection (see William in the Fryer volume). We have a photograph album, put together by her for William Cyril, the annotations show her affection for her husband: there are a few pictures of her, in particular one of her as a pretty girl of about 11 years old. She only appears as an old lady in AJ Parkes' photograph album with his family on holidays in Wales. Her granddaughter, RJLP, had little memory of her.
From photograph inscription, probably lived at Draycott Cottage, Newbridge Avenue, Sept 1922-May 1927. For full details, see Fryer Family volume.

Issue of WE Parkes & Elizabeth Fryer:

1/1.  William Cyril Parkes

See above for his story

1/2. Arthur Josiah Parkes (1890-1968).


Married: Elizabeth Fryer
Married on 18/5/1881, at Mount Zion Chapel, Graham St, B'ham. (Baptist)
His Age: 26. His Occupation: Hardware Merchant.
Residence: Doctor's Piece, Willenhall.
Father: Josiah, his occupation: Hardware Merchant.
Her Age: 28. residing at Broad St Birmingham.
Her father: William Fryer, his occupation: Painter & Decorator.
Witnesses: Josiah Parkes jnr & Elizabeth Parkes.
           (WEP's Brother & sister)
1861 Census: Union St, Willenhall with family.
1864: Trades Directory, W & J Parkes, Iron Merchants, Lock Latch & Bolt makers, Union St.
1871 Census, Union St, Willenhall:
Josiah (48, Iron Merchant, Gornal), Catherine (49, Bilston), William Edmund (17, Clerk to Iron Merchant), Josiah (14), John (9), Elizabeth (11), Ebenezer Thomas (7), James Harry (4) All children born in Willenhall.
1881 Census:
He was visiting the Fryers at Broad St B'ham but his parents were at 7, Doctor's Piece, Willenhall.
1881 (Marriage): age 26, Hardware Merchant @ Doctor's Piece, Willenhall.
1891 Census: 6, Walsall Rd, Willenhall:
William E. (36, Hardware Merchant, Willenhall), Elizabeth (38, B'ham, Warwick), William C. (3, Willenhall), Arthur J (0, Willenhall).
1899 (father's death): Thompson St, Willenhall.
1901 Census, Bank St, Willenhall, all born there except Elizabeth:
William Edmund Parkes (Hd, 45, Lock Manufacturer, Employer), Elizabeth (48, B'ham), Wm Cyril (13), Arthur Josiah (10)
1903 (mother's death): Fernside, The Manor, Willenhall.
1911 Census: 21, Bank St, Willenhall:
William Edmund Parkes (Hd, 55, Married 29 yrs, 2 children living & born, Lock manufacturer, employer), Elizabeth (wf, 59, B’ham), William Cyril (23, Manager lock manufacturer), Arthur Josiah (22, Civil Engineer), Daisy Brown (22, domestic servant).
1915: Lock Manufacturer.
1917: Appointed JP Willenhall
1920[13]: "WEP death MAGISTRATE’S DEATH.

The death has taken place at Willenhall of Mr. William Edmund Parkes, head of the firm of Josiah Parkes and Sons, lock manufacturers and an ex-chairman of the Willenhall Council. He was only recently placed on the Commission of the Peace."

Probate Lichfield, to AJP & WCP, Lock Manufacturers, & Walter John Edwards, chartered accountant, £16187-0-5d
Will dated 2/12/1917, appointed WC Parkes, AJ Parkes & Walter John Edwards of Waterloo Street Birmingham (Chartered Accountant) Trustees & Executors.
To Elizabeth Parkes, Furniture and household effects
To WC Parkes, 3000 Ordinary shares in JP&S.
To AJ Parkes, 3000 Preference shares in JP&S.
An annuity of 400 pounds for life to wife Elizabeth Parkes.
An annuity of 52 pounds for life to sister Charlotte Foster. An annuity of 52 pounds for life to sister Elizabeth Baxter.
The residuary estate to be divided between sons in equal shares, but that WCP shall be at liberty to take as part of his share and at a value made in accordance with the Articles of Association two thirds of the Ordinary Shares in JP&S which may form part of my residuary estate.

For the Full Text of WEP’s will, see the Parkes Will volume

Found in Dower House collection (ref 34-04):
Addressed to Miss Lizzie Fryer, 102 Broad St and redirected to 155 Broad St.

Doctors Piece, Willenhall
Tuesday August 17th 1875.

Dear Lizzie,
     I trust that long ere this you have arrived safe at home, and you will see by this that I am here quite safe. I had a special train from Bescot, being the only passenger to Willenhall and so that you may be sure I did not have quite so much crushing etc as there was at Walsall. I hope that you enjoyed yourself during your short stay here, I shall be very happy indeed when I shall see you here again.
    Dear Elizza, I hope I am not too late to ask you for your love and to offer mine in return, so that we may for ever be happy in each others fellowship. I had thought of speaking personally to you about this but did not have a favourable opportunity so I resolved to write and I do pray that I may receive a favourable reply from you whom I so dearly love so now dearest Lizzie I must conclude this short note praying that the blessing of him that dwelt in the bush ever abide upon both of us and that we may blessed for aye. Awaiting your reply, Your affectionately, Wllm E Parkes.
  Post script: I shall write to Mr Fryer upon receipt of a favourable reply from you. WEP

So what happened between 1875 and their marriage in 1881!?
WEP at this time was only 20 and she 22.

6.  ********************* GENERATION 6 ***********************



Census 61,71,81,91

PR ch, MC, DC, Will.

PR/IGI shows:

Ch: 9/9/1823PR @ Lower Gornal Chapel, Abode: Upper Gornal.

The Gornal records start mid 1823, up to then it had been part of Sedgley.

Parents: Josiah & Beatrice (Turner) Parkes


Died: Fernside, Willenhall, 7/8/1899DC, aged 76 (ref Tombstone).

DC gives address: Bank St, Willenhall, age 75, retired iron-merchant.

D/C: at Bank St, Willenhall, aged 75, Iron merchant (retd) "Morbus Corpus". E Parkes of Thompson St, informant.

Probate, Lichfield, 10/7/1900, Executor: ET Parkes, Bank Cashier. £812.

For Full Text of Will


Married: Catherine Cope 10/10/1847MC @ Independent Chapel, Queen St?  Wolverhampton. Age: "full". 

Occupation: Roller. Residence: Oxford St, Bilston. 

Father: Josiah, his occupation: Dyer (Deceased).

Her age: "full". Her occupation: Dressmaker, of Hall Fields, Bilston.

Her father: William Cope, a Labourer.

Witnesses: Edward D??thaw & William Cope (his mark).


Josiah Parkes 2nd                    Catherine (Cope) Parkes[14]


The text of his story is in the summary section, and is an amalgam of verbal records (mainly DS Maitland) and a good history of JP&S prepared by the Chubb Archivist.



     He and many of his family are commemorated on a grand tombstone in the Apostolic Temple in Willenhall. This confirmed some details of his family.

     Full details of census etc are shown after the children list. His estate was valued at £812, with ET Parkes as executor. He left 8 dwelling-houses, 2 fronting Wood Street, Willenhall and 6 at the back of them, to Catherine for life and then in equal shares to sons Josiah, William and Harry. The rest of his personal and real estate was left to his wife. If his wife predeceased him, this remainder would have been left to his daughters, Charlotte and Elizabeth. It must be assumed that as the three sons were already in business, he had already passed them much of his property and was providing for his daughters' families. The same arrangements were repeated in Catherine's will.

   He stood for the Local Board in Willenhall in April 1886, but did not get in![15]

1888: advertisement for passage to Canada, “apply to” Josiah Parkes, Wood St Willenhall[16].  This was probably another who was an auctioneer.

1881: A Josiah Parkes was Chairman of the Willenhall Liberal Association[17].



Issue in summary:

1/1. Beatrice (Parkes) Baxter 1853-1887

1/2. Charlotte (Parkes) Foster b. 1854 - aft 1911

1/3. William Edmund Parkes (1855-1920)

1/4. Josiah Parkes jnr (1857 – aft 1911)

1/5. Catherine Parkes (1858-1859)

1/6. Elizabeth (Parkes) Baxter (1859-1926)

1/7. John Parkes (1861-1893)

1/8. Ebenezer Thomas Parkes (1865-1952)

1/9. James Harry Parkes (1867-1914)


Tombstone at Willenhall:


daughter of Josiah & Catherine Parkes

Died Oct 18th 1858, aged 7 months

Also Beatrice, their daughter and wife of Leonard Baxter

died April 8th 1887 aged 33 years

Also John, son of the above and husband of Elizabeth Parkes died Feb 26th 1893 aged 31 years

Also Nora, daughter of Harry & Emilie Parkes

died August 19th 1895, aged 7 months

Also the above named Josiah Parkes of Fernside, Willenhall died August 7th 1899, aged 76 years.

Also Catherine wife of the above Josiah Parkes died November 14th 1903 aged 81 years.


1841 Census, Oxford St, Bilston:

Family including: Josiah (17, Iron Roller, Staffs),

1847 (marriage): Oxford St, Bilston. Occupation: roller.

1850 Melville Directory, Union St: William & Josiah Parkes, iron, steel & wire merchants.

1851 Census, 3, Union St, Willenhall:

Josiah (27, Iron Merchant, Gornal), Catherine (28, Bradley).  Next door were the Fryers, the grand-daughter of whom married Josiah's son WEP.

1851 Wolverhampton Directory, Willenhall, Union St:

William & Josiah, iron, steel & wire merchants

Also Samuel Parkes, key maker, Mill St.

1855 (WEP's Birth): Iron Dealer, Union St, Willenhall.

1861 Census, Union St, Willenhall:

Josiah (38, Merchant, Gornal), Catherine (39, Bradley), B Willenhall:

Beatrice (8, Scholar), Charlotte (7, Scholar), William (6, Scholar), Josiah (5, scholar), Elizabeth (1), + Charlotte Rowland (visitor, mar, 34 Bradley), John Rowland (2, Bradford/Manchester??), Charlet (2 mths).

Presumably Catherine's sister.

1864: Trades Directory, William & J. Parkes, Iron Merchants, Lock Latch & Bolt makers, Union St.

1871 Census, Union St, Willenhall:

Josiah (48, Iron Merchant, Gornal), Catherine (49, Bilston), William Edmund (17, Clerk to Iron Merchant), Josiah (14), John (9), Elizabeth (11), Ebenezer Thomas (7), James Harry (4) All children born in Willenhall.

1881 Census, Doctor's Piece, Willenhall:

Josiah (57, Iron Merchant, Gornal), Catherine (57, Bradley), Josiah (24, Iron Merchant's Clerk), Elizabeth (21), John (19, Iron Merchant's Clerk), Thomas (16, Banker's Clerk) (ch b. @ Willenhall) (WEP was at Elizabeth Fryer's on the Census night!).

1881 (WEP's Marriage): Doctor's Piece, Hardware Merchant.

Photograph of Tombstone at Apostolic Temple, Temple St, Willenhall

1891 Census, Harper St, Willenhall:

Josiah Parkes (67, merchant, Gornal), Cath (69, Bilston), Jas Hry (23)


Some Newspaper Entries:

1863[18]: "NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that the PARTNERSHIP heretofore existing between us, the undersigned WILLIAM PARKES, JOSIAH PARKES and EDWIN JAMES TONKS, at Willenhall in the county of Stafford, Manufacturers, in the name of “E. J. TONKS and Co.,” has been this day DISSOLVED by mutual consent. All Debts will be received and paid by the said William and Josiah Parkes, by whom alone the said Business will in future be carried on.—Dated this 31st day of March, 1863.


Josiah PARKES;


Witness—B. J. HAYES, Solicitor, Wolverhampton"
Edwin James Tonks, born in 1833 was a lock manufacturer based at 92 New Road Willenhall. He is listed in the 1881 census as employing five men, one woman, and four boys.

A fine Tonks padlock.

1868[19]: "WILLENHALL.

OBTAINING IRON BY FALSE PRETENCES. — At the Police Court, yesterday, before Mr. N. N. Solly and Capt. Deakin: Edward Martin, a locksmith, employed by Mr. Charles Tonkinson, of the The Stringes, was committed for trial at the Sessions, for obtaining two bundles of iron from Mr. Josiah Parkes, iron merchant, by representing to him that his master had sent him for it. Mr. Tonkinson, however, showed that he had not given Martin any such instructions."

1874[20]: "NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the undersigned, William Parkes and Josiah Parkes, carrying on business as Iron Merchants and Factors, at Willenhall, in the county of Stafford, under the style or firm of W. and J. Parkes, has been dissolved, by mutual consent, as from the 31st day of December. 1873. All debts due by or to the said late partnership will be paid and received by the said William Parkes, by whom the business will in future be carried on. —Dated this 4th day of May, 1874, William Parkes, Josiah Parkes."
Witness—Charles WATSON, Clerk to Mr. Jas. Slater, Solicitor. Darlaston.

1876[21]: A public meeting was bold in the National Schools, Willenhall, on Tuesday evening, to select the nine members of which the new Willenhall and Bentley School Board will consist, with the view of avoiding a contest.

Mr. B. D. Gough, who presided, said that if a contest could be avoided a great amount of expense would be saved, and an enormous amount of ill-feeling obviated. The town was launching into an entirely new expense in the erection of schools, and it would be discretionary to the Board whether the expenditure should be extended over a short or a long period. He then explained that in 1876 the total amount of school accommodation provided in Willenhall and Bentley was for 1,776 children. The additional accommodation then required was for 1,300 children. Since then additional accommodation had been provided for 200 children. Five schools were required by the Educational Department to be erected;—One at Portobello, one at Little London, one at Clark's Lane, near Bentley; one near Willenhall Railway Station, and one at Short Heath.

Mr. Josiah Parkes remarked that as the Dissenters preponderated in the town, he thought they ought to be represented by five out of the nine members that the Churchman should have three, and the Catholics one (hear, hear, and interruptions
1879[22]: "N0T1CE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between ns the undersigned, William Parkes, Samuel Parkes, and Josiah Parkes, carrying on business at Willenhall), in the county of Stafford, as Factors and Iron Merchants, under the style or firm of Parkes, Parkes, and Co., has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. All debts due to and owing by the said firm will be received and paid by the said William Parkes and Josiah Parkes, by whom the business will in future be carried on.— Dated this 1st day of January, 1879.

W. Parkes. S. Parkes. J. Parkes."

1881[23]: "The Liberals of Bilston were represented at the meeting of the National Federation in London on Monday by the president, two vice-presidents, and an independent member the Liberal Association.

In accordance with a circular issued by the Willenhall Liberal Association, a public meeting of the executive committee was held at their club house, last night, “for strengthening the hands of the Government in the present crisis.” The chairman was Mr. Josiah Parkes (vice-president of the association). Several other prominent liberals also addressed the meeting.—The following resolutions were passed amid much applause: “That this association views with extreme regret the action taken by the House of Lords in mutilating, by unnecessary amendments, the Irish Land Bill, as brought in by her Majesty’s Government, and passed by the House of Commons; and is of opinion that the bill as first sent up to the House of Lords was a wise, just, and statesmanlike measure ; but that its beneficial effect would be materially impaired by the alterations now sought to be made by the Upper Chamber.” “That this association pledges itself to give its heartiest support to Mr. Gladstone and the Government in any measure they may consider it politic to adopt to pass the Irish Land Bill as settled by the House of Commons.’—At the close of the meeting a telegram embodying the substance of the resolutions was forwarded to the Premier at the House of Commons."

Birmingham Daily Post 10 Dec 1881


Curious CONFLICT or EVIDENCE.—At the County Court, on Thursday, the case of Parkes v. Hadley, an issue sent down from the Superior Court, was opened; Mr. Plumpton (instructed by Mr. R. Willcock, Queen Street, Wolverhampton) appearing for the plaintiffs, Messrs. Parkes and Son, lockmakers, Willenhall; and Mr. Williams (of the firm of Messrs. Dulgnan and Co.) for the defendants, Messrs. E. and S. Hadley, lockmakers, Walsall.— At the end of last year the plaintiffs took the property of Alfred Paget, lockmaker, Willenhall, under a bill of rule, and subsequently the defendants bought the whole of it, as they alleged; the plaintiffs, on the other hand, maintaining that they sold the contents only of four shops and the varnishing house. This was the issue to be tried in the first instance.— Josiah Parkes, one of the plaintiffs, was put in the witness box, and his evidence had not proceeded far when Mr. Plumptre called for the production of a memorandum of the letters of the 4th January last, which the plaintiffs had sent to the defendants on the subject of the sale of the property.— Mr. Williams produced a memorandum of the date named, and said it was not in the terms mentioned by Mr. Plumptre. He added that he had inspected the plaintiffs’ press-copy letter book, and found that there was no copy there of the letter which his clients had received, but that there was a copy there of a letter which they had not received, and of which they knew nothing.— His Honour said it would be a most ingenious and audacious fraud to send one letter and put another in the letter-book.— Mr. Williams said he was not going to put it that way, but that the letter In the book had been inserted within a week, to fit the case to be presented that day, and he asked his Honour to look at the book, and see if the ink did not bear out that theory.—Mr. Plumptre pointed out that the letter came in its proper place and order according to date, and that there were no signs of the book having been tampered with. Since the case had taken such an extraordinary and serious turn, he thought it ought to be heard before a jury. He promised that he would put his clients in the box and do his utmost to get at the truth of the affair, and he hoped his Honour would commit them for trial for perjury or forgery if there was any ground for the allegations on the other side. He also asked that the letter book, and a letter from Messrs. Hadley, might be impounded.—His Honour ordered this to be done, and said he saw nothing suspicious in the colour of the ink.—Eventually the case was adjourned.


1883[24]: "Josiah Parkes snr on Liberal assoc committee, Wolverhampton - WILLENHALL.

THE LIBERAL ASSOCIATION.—The annual meeting of the Liberal Association was held at the Free Library Buildings, on Tuesday. Mr. N. N. Solly presided; and was supported by Messrs. Clement Tildesley, T. Kidson, J. Webb, J. Banks, R. Tildesley (hon, sec.), Geo: R. Thorne (hon. sec. of the Wolverhampton Liberal Association), and others.—It was resolved that the representatives of the association for the ensuing year upon the Executive Committee of the Wolverhampton Association should be the following:—Messrs. Geo; Baker, Josiah Parkes, sen., W. Trubshaw, J. Dagmore, H. Wolverson, Ed. Tonks, John Webb, Thos. Kidson, G. Reynolds, C. Tildesly, and J. M. Todd.—The meeting next elected a General Committee to serve on the Wolverhampton Liberal Four Hundred. Of this Mr. Banka was appointed treasurer, Mr. R. Tildesley hon. secretary, and Mr. Dodd assistant secretary.— Mr. Lampard, of Birmingham, then delivered on address eulogistic of the Ministry, entitled “Topics of the Day.” The following resolution, proposed by Mr. R. Tildesley, and seconded by Mr. Kidson, was passed : “That this meeting expresses its continued confidence in her Majesty's Government, and pledges itself to support them in their efforts to carry into law the measures foreshadowed in the programme of the Liberal party.”


1885[25]: Last night Mr. Walter Bird, of London, the Conservative candidate for Wolverhampton East, addressed a crowded meeting of electors in the Public Hall, Willenhall. Mr. Josiah Tildesley (chairman of the divisional committee) presided : and he was supported by Messrs.... S. Parkes,  Josiah Parkes, ...— The Chairman said that it was the intention of Willenhall to return a business man as their representative.—Mr. Bird, who on rising was received with cheering, said that the depression in trade had been aggravated and intensified by the late Government. If there was war prosperity could not be effected, as war meant practical ruin, The Royal  Commission on Trade would, he believed, result in much good, Working men should be upon that Commission. He protested Against the action of Liberals who boycotted the scheme, and those Liberals called themselves the friends of the people. (“They are.”) He should be sorry if the two questions of free trade and fair trade should be alone Considered. No Government could maintain good trade, but by a sound policy and good management they could assist it,




PR Ch, MC, Will.
Ch: 10/3/1822PR @ Bilston, abode Bradley, father a Labourer.
Parents: William & Sarah (Gandy) Cope.
Married: Josiah Parkes, 10/10/1847,
Died: at Willenhall 14/11/1903DC, aged 81 (ref Tombstone @ Willenhall).
DC: died 14/11/1903 at Laurel Cottage, Temple Bar, Willenhall, widow of Josiah Parkes, E Parkes son of Fernside, The Manor, Willenhall.

    Little is known of Catherine Cope; she was born in Bradley, in Sedgley parish, near Bilston where she was christened. Her father was a labourer. Before her marriage, she was a dressmaker. She and Josiah probably met in Bilston, where she was living with her father. It may be of significance that Josiah's parents and Charlotte's were both married within a year of each other in West Bromwich - maybe this was the earlier connection.
     In her will, she left the income on half of her estate to each of her two surviving daughters, Charlotte and Elizabeth, for their lives. On their deaths, the residue was to be split "per stirpes" between the surviving children and grandchildren.
1901 Census, Bank St, Willenhall:
"Caroline" Parkes (wid, 80, Bradley), May Baxter (g/dau, 21, Willenhall)

1841 Census: at Hall Fields, Bilston, a Dressmaker
1847 (Marriage): at Hall Fields, Bilston, a Dressmaker.
1851 Census: at Union St with Josiah
1855 (WEP's birth): Union St, Willenhall.
1861 Census: at Union St.
1871 Census: Union St (49, Bilston).
1881 Census: at Doctor's Piece, Willenhall.
1901 Census: not found.
For Full Text of Will

Issue of Josiah Parkes & Catherine Cope:

1/1. Beatrice Parkes9a:

Born: 1853 (census) Birth Q4 1852, reg Wolverhampton..

Married: Leonard Baxter b. 15/2/1854, Stafford St, Willenhall, son of Richard & Jane (Hinkley) Baxter, a Key Stamper, (ref
(Ref WEP Photo Album notes and tombstone), Leonard later married her sister, Elizabeth. He worked in the business (JP&S).

…of Doctor’s Piece, Willenhall, dau of Josiah Parkes as Iron Merchant, married 15.9.1877 at Baptist Chapel, Willenhall. Wit Josiah Parkes & Elizabeth Parkes, William E. Parkes ref Wolverhampton Sept 1877. LB an Iron stamper of Wood St, Willenhall.
LB died 30/8/1918 at Upper Penn, retired manufacturer of Drop Forging Steel. (Newspaper from

She died8: 8/4/1887 aged 33 (on Tombstone, called daughter of Josiah).
1871 Census: Wood St, Willenhall, pawnbroker, 18, with Charlotte.
1881 Census, 19, Cemetery Rd, Willenhall:
Leonard Baxter (27, Stamper, Willenhall), Beatrice (28, Willenhall), Lillian Beatrice (2, Willenhall), Mabel Catherine (1, Willenhall).
1891 Census, Regent St, Willenhall (all b Willenhall):
Leonard Baxter (36, Stamper & Piercer in Iron & Steel), Elizabeth (31), Mabel (11, Scholar), Jessie (6, scholar), Leonard J (2), Dorothy (1).
1901 Census, 28 Temple Bar, Willenhall (all b Willenhall):
Leonard (Hd, 49, Stamper, Employer), Lizzie (wf, 41), Leonard (son 12), Harold (son, 9), Dorothy (dau, 11), Jane (mother, wid, 76).
1911 Census, Wellesley Place, Penn Fields:
Leonard (Hd, 57, M Stamper & Pudler, Iron master, employer), Elizabeth (wf, 50, M 23 yrs, 4 born live, 3 living), Mabel Catherine (dau, 30, single), Jessie Elizabeth (dau, 26), Leonard (son, 22, Stamper, iron worker, worker), Dorothy Nellie (dau 21, single), Harold John (son, 19, auctioneer pupil).

2/19p. Lilian Beatrice Baxter, born 1879. (ref WEP Album),

B 13/6/1878, Cemetery Rd, Willenhall.
1891JB Census, Regent St, Willenhall, aged 12 with grandmother Jane Baxter (aged 67).
1901JB Census, The Terretts, Lapworth, Solihull.
Governess to children of Edwin Clutterbuck.
1939 Reg 30 Richmond Rd, Wolverhampton:
Lillian B Baxter (13/6/1879, retired Governess) + ½ sister Dorothy.
Died 27/10/1954, of Hillcrest, 30 Richmond Rd, Wolverhampton, spin. Proved by Leonard John Baxter of Hillcrest, 70 Highfield Topsham Devon, Estate Agent nephew of the deceased and Dorothy Jean Connale, of the Rosary, fourdess? Lane, Kingskerswell, Newton Abbott, Devon (wife of Michael James Connale), niece of the deceased, the executors.
£3520-17-9, net £3469-19-0. ( newspapers).

2/2. Mabel (May) Catherine Baxter, born Q2 1880, Reg W’ton, Parkes.

1901 Census: Bank St, Willenhall, with grandmother, Catherine.
Married Q2 1915, Stanley G Powell, reg W’ton.

2/3. Jessie Elizabeth Baxter, b 1/7/1884DReg

Marriage of Miss Jessie Baxter. – The marriage took place on Wednesday (28/3/1916) at Waterloo-road Baptist Church of the Rev. A. B. Alnwick, B.A., the oldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Alnwick, of Darlington and Miss Jessie Elizabeth Baxter,

third daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Baxter, of Wellesley, Penn Fields, Wolverhampton The bride's father is a partner in the firm of MESSRS. Baxter, Vaughan, and Co., Falcon Works, Horseley Fields, and the bridegroom is well known as a former pastor of Waterloo-road Baptist Church. The officiating minister was the Rev. Alfred Nixon, of Swindon, and the ceremony was of the simplest character in consequence of the war. There were no bridesmaids. Mr. Sydney Walton, M.A., B. Litt. (Harrow), acted as best man. The bride, who was given away by her brother, was charmingly attired in a pale mauve costume, with touches of egg-shell pink, and a hat to match. She carried a bouquet of pink carnations. Mr. William Snow, the organist, played the wedding marches and after the ceremony a reception was held at Wellesley. The honeymoon will be spent at Bristol and Lynmouth. The happy couple were the recipients of a choice selection of presents[26].
1901 Census, Darlington:
Thomas Alnwick (45, Confectioner, employer, Darlington), Mary Ann (47), Darlington) Arthur Burrell Alnwick (son, 20, Iron Works Clerk, Darlington)
1911 Arthur Burnell Alnwick, Wolverhampton, Baptist minister, B Darlington.
1939 Reg, Baptist Manse, Sherbourne. Dorset
Arthur B Alnwick (29/3/1881, Baptist Minister), Jessie E (1/7/1884)
Probate: Jessie Elizabeth Alnwick, died Minehead 15/12/1969, £12610.
Died: Arthur B Alnwick, Q2 1960, age 79, Reg Exmoor.

1/2. Charlotte Parkes.

Born Q2 1854FMPt, Willenhall (Census)  reg W’ton, mother Cope.
Revealed in WE Parkes will, when he left a legacy to his sister, Charlotte Foster. A legatee in Josiah & Catherine Parkes's wills.
Married Richard William Foster, an employee of JP&S, Q1 1875, reg W’ton.
She died probably Q4 1933, reg Wolverhampton, age 79.

Probate Index: None obvious for Richard Foster or Charlotte.

1871 Census: Wood St, Willenhall, pawnbroker, 17, with Beatrice.
1881 Census, 60 New Hall Rd, Willenhall:
Richard Foster (31, Willenhall), Charlotte (27, Willenhall), Ernest J (2), Richard WC (1).
1891 Census, Temple Bar, Willenhall (all b Willenhall):
Richard W. Foster (39, File Cutter (master)), Charlotte (36), Ernest J. (12, scholar), Richard W. (10, Scholar), Charlotte (8, scholar), Tom (2).
1901 Census, 89, Union?? St, Willenhall (all b Willenhall):
Richard Foster (49, Lock Manufacturer), Charlotte (47), Ernest (22, Factor Clerk), Richard (21, Engineer), Lottie (19), Tom (12).
1911 Census, Willenhall (all b Willenhall).
Richard Foster (Hd. 59, File Mfr, worker), Charlotte (wf, 57, 35 yrs married, 6 children b alive, 4 still living, 2 died), Ernest foster (son, 32, wid, manager, Lockworker), Lottie Foster (dau, 28, Single), Tom Foster (son, 22, single, Ironmonger, worker)  Guermie? Foster (Gwendoline g/dau, 2)

Issue (as shown in photographs & census):
2/1. Mr Ernest Josiah Foster, b Q3 1878, reg Wolverhampton, mother Parkes,

shown in JP&S group photo.
Married Q4 1907, Gwendoline May Lawrence, she died Q1 1909, age 30, reg Wolverhampton. Probably at birth of Gwendoline L Foster, Q1 1909.
1939 Reg, The Ridge, Showell Lane, Wombourne:
Ernest J Foster (W, 24/6/1879, Commercial Traveller, Lottie Foster (27/6/1884, S), Gwendoline L Foster (S, 28/2/1909).

2/2. Richard W.C. Foster b 24/11/1880 Reg Wolverhampton, Mother Parkes

shown in JP&S group photo.
Married 1st: Mary Elizabeth Marson (nee Taylor), Q3 1907, reg Walsall, no death found.
Married 2nd: Emma L. Stubbs, Q2 1947, reg Crewe.
1911 Census, Nirvana, Jockey Rd, Sutton Coldfield:
Richard Foster (30, Married, General engraver, coach & Motor Fittings, worker, Willenhall), Mary (29, married 3 yrs, Darlaston), Thomas Marson (brother-in-law, 24, coal dealer, employer, Darlaston),
1939 Reg, Nirvana, Newbridge Crescent, Wolverhampton:
Richard WC Foster (24/11/1880, Foreman of Inspection Dept Lock & Builders Ironmongery Factory), Mary E Foster (28/1/1882, Dealer, Grocery etc), Mary Irene Hemming (9/7/1911, Dealer Grocery etc), Kenneth J Foster, 14/1/1914 (stock-keeper Locks etc Factory)

Probate: Richard William Cope Foster, of Newbridge Crescent, Wolverhampton, died 11/4/1947 in Rhyl, widow Emma Lillian Foster, £5858/1/1d
3/1. Mary Irene Foster, B 9/7/1911 reg Aston, mother Marson.
3/2. Kenneth J Foster, B 14/1/1914, reg Wolverhampton, mother Marson.

Mary Marson was the widow of Stephen Marson who married Mary Elizabeth Taylor Q4 1899, reg Walsall, dau of Job & Alice Taylor.
1901 Census, Darlaston all b there except Alice:
Job Taylor (49, Nut & Bolt Forger, Darlaston), Alice (48, Gailey), Mary Elizabeth Marson (dau, M, 21), Stephen Marson (S-in-L, 21, Nut & Bolt Forger), Clara Maria Taylor (g/dau, 2), Mary Ann Taylor (wid, 80)
|Stephen Marson b Q4, 1901FMPt, reg Walsall, mother Taylor.

2/3. Rosie Foster, who "died early (from photo title)".
2/4. Charlotte Foster, b Q3 1881, Reg Wolverhampton, mother Parkes..

A Lottie Foster with Ernest in 1939, but DoB 27/6/1884, unmarried.
Lottie Foster died Q1 1961, aged 79, reg Wolverhampton.
These dates do not tie in exactly!
An earlier incorrect line:
Ref Pateman Tree, Rootsweb Wold Connect, Lottie Brocket b 11/7/1887, 1939 reg.
Died 25/2/1969.
Married Lottie Foster & Francis Brockett, (b 9/7/1887, Therfield, Herts, d 25/2/1969) 31/10/1907, Hitchin, Herts. A descendant a family of Brocketts in Hertfordshire, not immediately connected with Lord Brockett.
3/1. Geoffrey Brockett, d 1/1998
3/2. Bernard Francis Brockett, (7/10/1909-9/1/1998),
   M. Ida Nottage (4/3/1909-26/9/1996)
   4/1. Michael Francis Brockett (b 4/12/1935)

2/5. Thomas Alexander Foster, b. Q1 1889, reg Wolverhampton, mother Parkes.

Died Q1 1937, age 49, Reg Wolverhampton as Thomas A.
Poss M. Annie E. Whitehouse, 1915JB, no record found
But poss Marriage Thomas A Foster & Lily M Watkins Q2 1915, reg W’ton.


1/3. William Edmund Parkes (7/4/1855-1920), see his section.

1/4. Josiah Parkes ("junior")9a,4:

Born: 1857 Prob Reg Wolverhampton 6b 442 1857 Q1
Died: Q3 1926, reg Wolverhampton, age 69
Probate Index: Nil.

Married: Clara Edge 6/4/1882JB, Aston, shown as "Mrs Josiah jnr" in photograph.
Clara Prob b Q2 1854, reg Birmingham, mother Wade, and died Q4 1922, age 68, reg. Wolverhampton.
PARKES—EDGE.—On the 6th inst., at the Baptist Chapel, Stratford Road, Birmingham, by the Rev. J. Hulme and the Rev. — Aust, Willenhall, Josiah, second son of Josiah Parkes, Doctor's Piece, Willenhall, to Clara, daughter of William Edge, Ivy Cottage, Stratford Road[27].
Clara Edge b Q2 1854, reg Birmingham, mother Wade.
William Edge married Mary Ann Wade, Q3 1851, reg. Birmingham.
1861 Census, 6 St Mary’s Row, Birmingham, all born there:
William Edge (29, Gun Barrel borer), Mary Ann, 30), Arthur Wade (8), Clara (6).

About 1875 he was in an ironmonger’s shop in Liverpool, there is a photograph of him there. This was with William Fletcher Parkes, his cousin.

Joined father and brothers in JP&S, but later carried on the iron merchanting business by himself9w.
1879: Josiah Parkes, jnr awarded £32 against Philip Taylor, Clothier St, Willenhall, lock Manufacturer (Judges Orders etc)[28].
1881: with parents
1891 Census, Walsall Rd, Willenhall, (all b Willenhall, ex Clara B'ham):
Josiah Parkes (34, Iron Merchant), Clara (36), Florence (8), Ewart WJ (5mths).
1895: Partnerships dissolved: Arthur W Edge and Josiah Parkes jun, trading as The Patent Hinge Company at Croft Works, Willenhall, patent hinge manufacturers.[29] (Arthur his Brother in law)
1901 Census, Bank St, Willenhall:
Josiah Parkes (Hd, 44, Iron-merchant, Employer, Willenhall), Clara (Wf, 46, B'ham), Florence (dau, 18, Willenhall), Ewert Josiah (10, Willenhall).
1911 Census, 43, Compton Rd, Wolverhampton:
Clara Parkes (Hd, 57, Married, B’ham), Florence Elizabeth (dau, single, Willenhall), Ewart William Josiah, (20, Bank Clerk, Willenhall).
1918, Graces Guide: Parkes, J., Junr., 93, Wood Street, Willenhall. Phone: 107. T/A: Area No. 4.
2/1. Florence Elizabeth Parkes, Q1 1883, Willenhall, Reg W’ton.
2/2. Ewert William Josiah Parkes, Q4 1890, Willenhall.

Married as Ewart WJ Parkes, Jessie Popplestone Q4 1917, W’ton.
1939 Reg, 17 Clark Rd, Wolverhampton:
Eward WJ Parkes (16/10/1890, M, Lock manufacturer), Jessie E (25/7/1892)
Died Q1 1960, age 69, Salford, Lancs

1/5. Catherine Parkes.

Born: 1858, died 18/10/1858 aged 7 months (ref Tombstone).

1/6. Elizabeth Parkes:

Born: 1859 in Willenhall (Census). Reg Wolverhampton 1859 Q4, mother Cope.
Married: Leonard Baxter as second wife (ASP), Q1 1888ACt, reg W’ton.
Died: Elizabeth 1926 (ASP) – death not found.
A legatee in Josiah & Catherine Parkes's wills.
(referred to in WEP Album and WE Parkes will).
1891 Census, Regent St, Willenhall (all b Willenhall):
Leonard Baxter (36, Stamper & Piercer in Iron & Steel), Elizabeth (31), Mabel (11, Scholar), Jessie (6, scholar), Leonard J. (2) Dorothy (1).
1901 Census, 28, Temple Bar, Willenhall (all b. Willenhall):
Leonard Baxter (47, Employer), Lizzie (41), Leonard J. (12), Dorothy (11), Harold (9), Jane (mother, wid, 76).
1911 Census, Upper Penn, all b Willenhall:
Leonard Baxter (57, Stamper & Piercer, employer) Elizabeth (50, mar 23, 4 children 3 living), Mabel Catherine (30, Jessie Elizabeth (26), Leonard Josiah (22, Stamper), Dorothy Nellie (21), Harold John (19, Auctioneer’s Pupil).
Probate Index: Leonard Baxter of Wellesley Penn Fields, Wolverhampton, died 30 August 1918 Probate Lichfield, 13 February 1919 to Ebenezer Thomas Parkes bank manager and Harold John Baxter a lieutenant in H.M. Army. Effects £5554.

Issue (ASP):
2/1. Leonard Josiah Baxter, born abt Q4 1888, reg Wolverhampton.

2/2. Dorothy Nellie Baxter, born Q1 1890, reg W’ton, mother Parkes.

1939 Reg 30 Richmond Rd, Wolverhampton:
Dorothy L Baxter (12/12/1889, Bank Clerk) + ½ sister Lillian.
Prob died 17/10/1953, Bur Wolverhampton.

2/3. Harold John Baxter, born Q3 1891, reg W’ton, mother Parkes.

Married Dorothy Maud Hipkiss, Q3 1916, Reg W’ton
1939 Reg, “Wellesley” Barton St ST Thomas, Devon:
Harold J Baxter (1/8/1891, Chartered Surveyor) Dorothy M (27/4/1895, Domestic) Dorothy J (15/7/1917, ATS local service) Leonard J (15/7/1930, at school).
Probate Harold of Exeter, died 28/1/1959, to Dorothy Maud Baxter, widow, £1851/16/3d.
Probate: Dorothy of Exeter, died 9/12/1959 to Leonard John, auctioneer.

1/7. John Parkes:

Born: 1862, Willenhall (Census). Prob Reg Wolverhampton 6b 427 1861 Q4.
Married: Elizabeth SharpASP 2/7/1890[30], SunderlandJB.
Marriages: PARKES—SHARP.—On the 2nd inst., at Herrington- street Wesleyan Chapel, by the Rev. Robert Morton, John, third son of Josiah  Parkes, Esq, Willenhall, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Taylorson Sharp, of this town.

MI Sunderland: Elizabeth Sharp, widow of Edmund Vaughan, formerly of John Parkes of Willenhall, Staffs, eldest daughter of the late Taylorson Sharp died 23 April 1933 aged 65 years. Also Alice Maud Sharp sister of the above, died 20 Jan 1934 aged 55 also Taylorson A Sharp brother of the above died 21st Feb 1967 aged 77 years. (Bishopswearmouth Cemetery)
She was born Q1 1868, Sunderland
Mother Elizabeth died 1913 Sunderland.
Taylorson Sharp referred to as a builder and a freemason in 1880.
Edmund Vaughan may have been in Willenhall C1901 aged 33, born there with wife Frances.

Worked in the family business. (ref JP&S)
Died8: 26/2/1893 (age 31  ref tombstone)

Probate Index: John Parkes of Walsall Road, Willenhall Staffordshire, factor, died 26 February 1893 at 8 Salem Street, Sunderland, county Durham. Administration Lichfield to Elizabeth Parkes, widow. Effects £1325.

Sunderland, 8 Salem Street South 26th last, aged 31, suddenly, John, the beloved husband of Elizabeth Parkes, and third son of Josiah Parkes, Willenhall, deeply lamented[31].

Census 1871, Harrogate St, Bishopswearmouth:
Taylorson Sharp (30 housebuilder, Durham), Elizabeth (26, Durham), Elizabeth (2, Durham), Harold F (11 mths).

Joined father & brothers in JP&S.
1891 Census, Walsall Rd, Willenhall:
John Parkes (29, Hardware Merchant, Willenhall), Elizabeth (23, Durham), Florence A Sharp (visitor, 18, probably Durham).
1901 Census, 3 Gower St, Willenhall:
Elizabeth Parkes (Wid, 33), John W (9), Harold E (7), Alice M Sharp (sister, 22)
2/1. John Wilfred Parkes (1891-1967, ref ASP).

A Chemist, FRIC, worked in chemical industry, latterly for W & HM Goulding (Dublin) in Ireland. See AS Parkes for more details.

2/2. Harold Ebenezer Parkes b 1893 (ASP & Census).

Date: Sat, 14 May 2005 11:59:19 +0100
From: "allen hindmarsh"[ii]
John Parkes married Elizabeth Sharp.
Her father was Taylorson Sharp who married Elizabeth Fowler.
His father was Wm Sharp who married Elizabeth Tonkinson 22 June (my birthday but 1948!) 1832
Elizabeth Tonkinson was the daughter of Wm Tonkinson and Frances Garthwaite who married 8 December 1811
Their son, Henry Tonkinson born 31 October 1832 in Hull  married Sarah Robson 24 Dec 1854 in Bishopswearmouth Durham.
Their son William Tonkinson born 20 August 1862 in Sunderland married Emily Judith Saxby 17 September 1894.
....slowly getting there.....
Her father was Wm Alfred Saxby who married Elizabeth Bowman (date as yet not known)
His father was Samuel Saxby who married 1) Elizabeth Looker abt 1822 and 2) Nancy Brignall 15 June 1824
My cousin in Canada, Dan Lee, is a direct descendant from this Saxby line!
Sam and Elizabeth had a son born abt 1835 in Orsett Sussex who married Rebecca Skeggs 1 November 1856.
Their son Samuel Saxby born abt 1858 Hornchurch Sussex married Susannah Tickner Sep qtr 1879 Romford District
Their son William Henry Saxby born abt 1895 married Mabel Sarah Constance Keel in 1917
To put the Keel's into context, my mothers sister, Queenie Hooper married Cyril Alfred Jellicoe Keel 16 March 1942.
His father was Alfred Edward Keel who married Lilly Ann Butler8 April 1899.
His father was Richard Keel who married Elizabeth Feltham 14 October 1849.
Their son Herbert Keel had a liaison with Lois Brown and hence Mabel Sarah Constance Keel was born 16 November 1894.
Wm Henry and Mabel Emigrated to Canada around about 1923. Their daughter Dorothy Saxby married Daniel William Lee.
Their son is Daniel Lee born 21 October 1950 Oshawo Canada.
Queenie Hoopers sister, Amy Rosina Hooper was my mother born 17 July 1925 in Hammersmith. Their is a 26 age gap between my mother and father, Albert Hindmarsh. He was born 29 June 1899 in Byker Northumberland.
John James Allen Hindmarsh 22 June 1948 in Karnkie Cornwall and currently reside in Gildersome Leeds!

1/8. Ebenezer Thomas Parkes.

Much of this line is from AS Parkes.
Born 30/3/1865, Wolverhampton, died 13/2/1952 in Purley
1900: Bank clerk, as executor of his father's will.
A Banker in Oldham and London.
1891 censusJB, Bank Clerk in Rochdale.
Retired in 1932 as Chief General Manager of the Midland Bank.
Probate Index: Ebenezer Thomas Parkes of 3 Russell Hill Purley, Surrey died 13 February 1952 Probate London, 25 April 1952 to Midland Bank Executor and Trustee Company Ltd and Alan Sterling Parkes research worker. Effects £15519 11s 6d.

1901 Census, 126, Manchester Rd, Rochdale:
Ebenezer T. (36, Bank Cashier, Willenhall), Helena (35, Willenhall), Reggie (9, Rochdale), Marjorie (5, Castleton), Alan S (6 months, Castleton)
Married: Helena Banks, born 14/3/1866,  1892.
2/1. Reginald Parkes b 9/3/18921939C, Rochdale.

Died Salford, 19/3/1952.
Took Engineering at Manchester School of Technology, contracted rheumatic fever before finals and did not graduate. Was MD of Whites-Nunan, valve makers and brass founders, absorbed by IMI in 1963 (ref ASP), and wound up March 1970. The family had a sizeable holding on WN.
London Gazette, 1951 has him being appointed a director of Whites-Nunan. Awarded the MBE in 1951.
re 1939 Census, Salford with Alice Parkes, b 7/1/1890

....2/2. Alan Sterling Parkes,

born Rochdale 1900, a Professor at Cambridge, who initiated much of the original Parkes family research (ASP references & 9a).
The work was done for the registration of his coat-of-arms, which was similar to that of his cousin, AJ Parkes, and seem to have been derived from a Richard Parkes who was granted arms in 1614.
Fellow of Christ’s College in the 1960’s when A Maitland was an undergraduate there, and I went for Sunday lunch with them.

Sir Alan Sterling Parkes: 10 September 1900 - 17 July 1990. Wolfson College.

Alan Parkes was one of the most influential figures in the field of reproductive biology in the twentieth century. He had a huge impact on its growth and development during that time, and the legacy of his work still remains. His research was highly innovative and original because of his imaginative and inquiring mind, which, coupled with an entrepreneurial bent, led him into several very different fields and into uncharted waters. He played a leading role in the spectacular rise of reproductive endocrinology in Britain in the 1920s and 1930s when the nature and activity of many of the reproductive processes in animals and humans and was an essential factor in the development of methods for their control. Even more pioneering was his research in low-temperature biology in the years after World War II. This was sparked off by the discovery that glycerol had a remarkable property of protecting spermatozoa against damage during freezing and storage at very low temperatures. Far-reaching applications arose from this discovery, especially in the preservation of bull semen, which led to a worldwide revolution in artificial insemination in cattle. Later, many other cells and tissues were also successfully frozen, including red blood cells, ovarian tissue and bone marrow, and a new branch of biological science, which became known as 'cryobiology', was born, Effects of deep hypothermia, including freezing, on whole animals were also investigated at that time. Having successfully launched a new area of science, it was characteristic of Alan Parkes to switch to new fields. First he became interested in the influence of pheromones on mammalian reproduction. Then, resuming a long-standing interest in comparative aspects of reproductive physiology in British wild mammals, he became involved in the work of the Nuffield Unit of Tropical Animal Ecology in Uganda, where similar studies were carried out on African animals. Even after retirement from the academic field, he was for some years a consultant to an enterprise in the conservation and captive breeding of green sea turtles in the Cayman Islands. In addition to his research, Alan Parkes was just as influential through the huge amount of work that he did for committees and other activities. Over the years he was on 35 different committees, study groups or advisory groups, and these were concerned with a wide variety of interests. He often served as chairman or secretary and had a great ability to take on a large amount of work and responsibility. He threw himself wholeheartedly into promoting the interests of reproductive biology and was a founding member of both the Society of Endocrinology and the Society for the Study of Fertility. He also played a leading role in the establishment and running of the Journal of Endocrinology and the Journal of Reproduction and Fertility. Getting these journals established often required a considerable amount of financial acumen. One of his special concerns was a long-standing interest in demographic and population issues, which led to his working closely with the International Planned Parenthood Federation and the Family Planning Association. He saw the 'population explosion' as a growing threat to the environment and to human welfare, and he was an outstanding proponent of measures to effect population control. Sometimes this led him into controversial areas. He spoke strongly in support of women's right to abortion and questioned the morality of expensive measures to overcome infertility. Throughout his life he was a prolific and lucid writer and his many publications remain a lasting monument to his contribution to science. He entitled the first volume of his autobiography Off-beat Biologist, which is perhaps a very apt description of this remarkable man.
PMID: 18543475 [PubMed - in process]

Married Ruth Deanesley (born 1901, dau of Edward & Ida (Marston) Deansley), in 1933.
3/1. John Francis Anthony Parkes, b. 1936.

Married Margaret Walsh, b. 1966.
4/1. David Alan Parkes, b. 1968.
4/2. Helen Katherine Parkes, b. 1972.
4/3. Andrew James Parkes, b. 1973.

3/2. Katherine Rose Parkes, b. 1939.
3/4. Hilary Deane Parkes, b. 1942

2/3. Marjorie Parkes born Manchester 26/2/1896, died Camb’g. 9/7/1982, unm.
2/4. Rosalind Hilda Parkes, born Rochdale 24/1/1904, d unm Q1 1997, Camb’g.

1911 Census: 43, Penn Rd, Wolverhampton (all b W’ton ex noted):
Edward Deanesly (Hd, 45, M, Consulting Surgeon, Wincanton), Ida Margaret (Wf, 37, 12 years), Joyce (Dau, 11, Student), Ruth (Dau, 9, Student), Richard Marston (Son, 7, Student), Diana (Dau, 4), Edward (Son, 1), Wally Kartherine Schabel (23, S, Nurse, Russia), Nellie Chick (26, S, Parlourmaid, Wombourne), Catherine Cowern, (19, S, Housemaid, Wombourne), Mary Meredith (33, S, Cook, Enville).

Ida Deanesly was the daughter of John Marston, who was an extremely successful Victorian manufacturer whose goods helped to make the name Wolverhampton synonymous with quality. He became one of the country's largest manufacturers of japanware, and later made bicycles, motorcycles and cars, that were second to none. He also had an active public life and was Lord Mayor of the town for two consecutive years.
Ida’s brother, John, was responsible for the Sunbeam motor company.
In March 1905 the Sunbeam Motor Car Co. Ltd was formed with a starting capital of £40,000 and John Marston as Chairman. Cars were made at Moorfield Works, off Villiers Street and there were satellite factories at Owen Road, Temple Street, and Ablow Street, where amongst other components car radiators were made.[32]
Ida died 2/7/1962, Llanbedr, Merioneth, leaving a will & assets £37966 to Edward Christopher Deanesly & ASP.
Edward & Ida married, Wolverhampton Q4 1898

1/9. James Harry Parkes9aw

Born: 1867, died 1914. Wolverhampton 6b 532 1867 Q3 – as James Harry.

Probate Index: James Harry Parkes of the Krall, Codsall, Staffordshire, died 10/12/1914, Probate London 25 March 1915 to Ebenezer Thomas Parkes, bank manager and John Halstead Cutts, ironmonger. Effects £5199 3s 8d.

Married: Emilie Alice Field Q2 1894 Reg Wellington Salop, (Census01) (B 5/1/1868C1939, of George & Sarah.

Emily was still have been alive in 1944 ("Aunt" Emily & [cousin] Tim referred to in EA Parkes letter of 31st Dec 1944).

Probate Index: Emily Alice Parkes of Compton Court Flats Wolverhampton widow died 17 February 1949 Probate Birmingham 13 May 1949 to Cyril William Parkes company director and Reginald Harris solicitor. Effects £2271 3s 1d.

Worked in family business (Ref JP&S)
Not listed in 1881 index, found by Jill Bradley and boarding school in Summer Hill Rd, B'ham.
1891 census, Harry with parents.
1891 Census, Fern Cottage, Goldthorne Hill, Upper Penn:
George Field (69, Retd Supervisor of Inland Revenue, Cambridge), Sarah (59, Derbyshire Eckington), Emily A (23, Mansfield).
1901 Census, Bank St, Willenhall:
James Harry Parkes (Hd, 33, Lock & General Key Manufacturer, Employer, Willenhall), Emilie Alice (Wf, 32, Mansfield Notts), Harry George (4, Willenhall), Sarah Field (69, m-in-law, Alfreton, Derbys).
1911 Census, Brewood, Staffs:
James Harry Parkes (43, Married 16 Years, 3 ch born, 1 living, 2 died, Lock Manufacturer, Employer, Willenhall), Emily Alice (42, Mansfield), Harry George (14, Willenhall), Sarah Hobson (Domestic, 39, Bailleston, Lancashire). 15 Rooms.
1939: Dunston Cottage, Church Lane, Codsall, DoB 5/1/1868.
2/1. Nora who died 19/8/1895, aged 7 months (ref Tombstone).
2/2. Harry George b 25/6/1896 d. 5/3/1946

Ch St Stephen’s Willenhall, 25/7/1896, abode The Manor, father a merchant.
(called "Cousin Tim" by AJ Parkes, ref DSM). Harry joined JP&S in 1911. Probably died of TB re EAP letter 11 Feb 1946.
Probate: of Stoneycroft, Wrottesley Rd, Tettenhall, died 5/3/1946 Probate to CWP £50992/15/4d.
Married Beatrice Harborne Chambers, Q1 1929, reg Wolverhampton, divorced during WW2; she remarried Group Capt David and died about 1990[iii].
1939 Reg, Donnington Lane, Shifnal
Harry G Parkes (25/6/1896, M Joint MD of factory producing for defence), Beatrice H Parkes (2/3/1904 (David correction)).

3/1. Jennifer Parkes, b Q2 1930-78.

4/1. Timothy Beauchamp (supplied this correct information 11/2010),
4/2. Caroline Susan Beauchamp
Debretts/ has more on this family & its marriages & divorces.

2/3. Mona Christine Parkes, ch St Stephen’s Willenhall 1/4/1900FMPi,

father a lock manufacturer, of the Manor. Died Q3 1900.

The memorial in the Cholera burying ground in Doctors Piece:

The parish of Willenhall was visited by cholera in 1849. the first death by that disease took place on the 17th august. the last on 4th October. in 49 days 292 persons died. the churchyard of St Giles being too crowded for further interment. this ground. a portion of the church estate was (while yet un-consecrated) first used for burials on the first of September. on three days the burials were 15 daily the whole number interred here and in the churchyard being 211.

The dismay of the period suspended the business and industry of the town but the wants and suffering of the poor were met and mitigated by gratuitous distribution of medicine. bread and meat the food being supplied by a liberal subscription in the neighbourhood largely aided by kind contributions from distant places, sent by congregations and individuals to whom the report of the calamity had come these walls were built by public subscription and this enclosure will remain a perpetual memorial of a season of deep and general affliction and alarm.


Owing to the serious outbreak of smallpox in Willenhall, a large number of poor families have been reduced to a state of destitution, and last night a public meeting was held in the Town Hall for the purpose of raising a fund to relieve the existing distress, Mr. Josiah Tildesley, sen., presided over a moderate attendance, among those present being T. Kidson, G, T. Tildesley, S. Parkes, Josiah Tildesley, jun., W. Johnson, Dr. Tildesley, and others,— The Chairman, after expressing regret that the town had been visited by such a dreadful disease as smallpox, said it was the duty of all who were able to do what they could for the good of the inhabitants, the character of the town, and the health of the surrounding populations. He trusted that the epidemic would not farther spread. (Hear!, hear.)—Mr. W. Johnson stated that he had written to a number of gentlemen drawing attention to the distress which prevailed, and had received several replies."


7.  ********************* GENERATION 7 **********************



Ch: 8/4/1778PR @ the Old Meeting House, Dudley (Presbyterian/Unitarian).
Parents: Richard & Jane (Dunton) Parkes.
Died: 12/6/1845DC @ Oxford St, Bilston, age 66, a dyer, congestion of the liver: Josiah Parkes present, of Oxford St.
No will found @ Lichfield.

Alan Sterling Parkes gives much of this from the College of Arms research for his grant:
Josiah was born 1778 Dudley and Bilston, parents Richard and Jane Dunton. He married as his 2nd wife, Beatrice Turner, born 1800 of William Turner of Bilston.
1796: Grocer & Chandler of Wolverhampton[34].
   Josiah Parkes was a schoolmaster when his first 2 sons by Beatrice Turner were born in 1823, resident in Upper Gornal, between Wolverhampton and Bilston, Staffordshire. His son Richard was born in Bobbington Heath in 1830, when Josiah was still a schoolteacher. The Bobbington Charity School is mentioned in the 1827 Enclosure Map. He became a dyer later and was living in Oxford St, Bilston by 1841. A tallow chandler at some time later in life (George marriage). His age of 62 in the 1841 Census is not reliable: the figure on his death certificate agrees with the birth given above.
    Josiah was a widower when he married Beatrice Turner in 1821, but no reliable information has been found about his earlier wife/wives. There were 2 children born to Josiah & Mary Parkes as non conformists in the early 19thC, Thomas Holt (Dudley, Old Meeting House, 25/5/1802PR), John Holt (W'ton Presbyterian, b 26/3/1803, ch 28/3/1803ACt). Based on the non-conformist connection, it seems likely that these were sons of our Josiah; the mother could have been a Mary Holt: there were a few Holt births in the Old Meeting House and the Dudley Quaker records. The Old Meeting House records only show a few marriages, so Josiah’s first marriage might not have been recorded. There were several other marriages of Josiah, but they were more or less unlikely: geographically, the first, to Diana Thomson, in Halesowen is the most likely. The parish records throw no further light on this.
    A Jonathan Parkes, Dyer, was active in Oxford St, Bilston in 1845.
A son by earlier marriage or a misspelling of Josiah.
    A Josiah Parkes and his brother John, were glove-makers in Worcester in 1821: unlikely to be the same ones.


1796: Grocer & Chandler of Wolverhampton.
1821 (marriage): West Bromwich.
1822 (Josiah's ch.): Upper Gornal, a schoolmaster.
1830 (Richard's ch.) Bobbington, schoolmaster.
1834: George’s ch, of Wolverhampton, Butcher.
1839: J Parks, dyer, Oxford St (Robson)
1841 Census, Oxford St, Bilston:
Josiah (62, Dyer, not Staffs), Beatrice (42, Staffs), Josiah (17, Iron Roller, Staffs), Harry (14, Engineer, Staffs), Richard (10, Staffs), George (6, Staffs), Edward (4, Staffs).
His and Beatrice's age given as 42; this age does not agree with ASP.
Eldest son William was not there.
1842 Josiah Parkes was a silk etc dyer in Oxford St, Bilston (Pigot)
1845 (Slater's directory) Jonathan Parkes, dyer, Oxford St, Bilston.
1847 Josiah's Marriage: Deceased, last occupation: Dyer.

Other possible 1st wives of Josiah:
(a) Mary Wright,  11/5/1801ACi, Aston Juxta, Birmingham, by banns OTP.
Issue of Josiah & Mary: Thomas Holt (Dudley, Old Meeting House, 25/5/1802PR,  John Holt (W'ton Presbyterian, b 26/3/1803, ch 28/3/1803ACt.

A Mary Parkes bur West Bromwich, 18/8/1817, aged 44, b 1773, looks too old.
Aston Juxta was Castle Bromwich & Erdington. Geographically, this looks unlikely although the connection with the Old Meeting House, Dudley is significant.

(b) Diana Thomson 24/3/1811PR, Halesowen.
PR: JP, bachelor OTP m DT spinster OTP by Banns. 
(many Thompsons & Parkes in Halesowen).
Issue (ch Rowley Regis): Mary (25/12/1811 PR), John (21/5/1820, B The Ashes).
Elizabeth (31/7/1814 RR) & other issue until at least 1830.
(c) Martha Burton  3/8/1807ACi, St Martin, Birmingham, NFI.
Issue (IGI): Nil

Married (2nd): Beatrice Turner 5/4/1821PR @ West Bromwich.
  Both of this Parish, he a widower, witnesses John & Mary Cooper.
  John Cooper probably a cousin or her uncle (b 1769).



See: Bilston PR, Staffs RO (Bobbington not on IGI)
Born: Ch. 25/8/1799PR, Bobbington & of Bobbington.
Parents: William & Sarah (Cooper) Turner.
Died: 25/4/1864DC, Bilston.
Beatrice Whitehead buried Bobbington 1/5/1864, aged 65, of Bilston. This was her, having remarried.

DC: Died 25/4/1864, 50&51 Oxford St, Bilston, aged 65, wife of Edward Whitehead, fruiterer, of Asthma & congestion of lungs, informant E. Parkes of 25 Oxford St (probably son Edward).
No will listed.

Married (2): Edward Whitehead, 26/7/1848, Wolverhampton.
    Professor Alan Parkes stated that Beatrice Turner was born in 1800, and her father was William Turner of Bilston. When married, she was "of West Bromwich". In 1841 she was 42 years old, confirming a date of birth of about 1800. She is found in Oxford Street, Bilston, in 1851 & 61, married to Edward Whitehead, a grocer & fruiterer, who she married in 1848 when she was a dyer, carrying on from Josiah's business.
    Her third son being christened in Bobbington Heath (confirmed that this was the correct Parkes by Josiah being a schoolmaster in 1830 as he was in Upper Gornal 1823), and her death there point to her having family there. In 1841 and 1851, there were Turners living in the village. William and Sarah were 74 and 73 in 1851: they were her parents. He was born in Trysull (ch 11/5/1777) of parents Richard and Mary.
    Also found were a family of Turners living at 68, Union St, Willenhall in 1851: William, a locksmith born in Willenhall abt 1802 and his wife, Elizabeth, aged 50. They also had lodgers surnamed Turner, was this a brother of Beatrice??.


1821 (marriage): at West Bromwich, OTP.
1841 Census: at Oxford St, Bilston with family age given as 42. 
1848 (marriage) at Oxford St, Bilston.
1851 Census: Oxford St, Bilston:
Edward Whitehead (54, Provision Dealer & Grocer, Manchester), Beatrice (50, Bobbington), Edward W. (son, 25, Manchester), Francis (son, 19, Manchester), George Parkes (s-in-l, 18, Apprentice to Painter & Glazier, W'ton), Edward Parkes (10?, Ap to Hd of Family, Bilston).
1851 Wolverhampton Directory: Edward Whitehead, Fruiterer & greengrocer, Oxford St, Bilston.
1861 Census: 50&51 Oxford St, Bilston:
Edward Whitehead (65, Grocer & fruiterer, Manchester), Beatrice (62, Bobbington), Edward W. (son, 25, Grocer & fruiterer, Manchester.), Edward Parkes (25, Grocer & fruiterer, Bilston).

Edward Whitehead's Daughter in Law ??????:
1861 Census: 145, Oxford St:
Harriet Whitehead (wife, 22, Bilston), Richard (son, 3, Bilston), Amy (dau, 1, Bilston).

Marriage 26/7/1848, Saints Peter and Paul, Wolverhampton,:
Edward Whitehead, widower, fruiterer, father Edward, a grinder.
Beatrice Parkes, widow, dyer, Oxford St, father William Turner, gardener.

Issue of Josiah & Beatrice (Turner) Parkes:

1/1. William Parkes

William’s age in the censuses is consistent with being born between spring 1821 to spring 1822. His baptism and birth are recorded twice, the original time as a non conformist in Dudley and the second time as an adult Anglican in Willenhall.
This may have been to regularise the non conformist birth, or maybe the parents changed sects.

1st baptismal record: born 4/2/1822ACi, son of Josiah & Beatrice Parkes, schoolmaster of Gornal, Sedgley Parish, baptised Feb 21st 1822 Wesleyan chapel, King St Dudley.
2nd baptismal record: Willenhall, 18 June 1840: born 4/2/1820: son of Josiah & Beatrice. Trade Locksmith (noted this is his own trade, father was a dyer). The birth date looks to be a later addition, and the year must be incorrect as his parents did not marry until 1821.

Died 1/7/1890FAGi, Willenhall, bur Wood St Cemetery
Will proved, Lichfield, September 1890: advert in paper re estate in 1895[35]
Probate to Samuel Parkes.

Married: Elizabeth Fletcher (re. Paul Bowman & Jill Bradley), b 1818, Willenhall, 26/12/1843MC, Collegiate Ch W'ton, he a locksmith, her father William Fletcher, Carrier. Both Full age.

Elizabeth was baptised Wednesfield, 4/4/1819FMPi of William & Catherine, he a labourer of Willenhall. William Fletcher married Catherine Hope 10/6/1816, Walsall.
She probably died Q1 1909, reg Wolverhampton, age 89.

These are probably not ours:
1818 Staffs: William Parkes Pad Lock & Varnish Maker, Walsall St
Samuel Parkes, Padlock manufacturer, Walsall St, Willenhall.
1842 Pigot: W Parkes pad lock maker, Walsall St, Willenhall.

From JP&S history:
Originally from Gornal, he was an apprenticed locksmith in Willenhall and eventually set up an ironmongery business at 9 Union Street.
William and his brother Josiah founded what became Josiah Parkes & Sons around 1840 in Willenhall, beginning their partnership as iron merchants, having premises in Doctor's Piece.
By 1851 (1857?) William and Josiah had a partnership and were advertising in the local papers and trade journals as:
William & Josiah Parkes, Iron, Steel and Wire Merchants, Union St.
In 1861 he moved to larger premises at 78 Union St with his wife, Elizabeth and four children.
Friction developed between the two families about who was going to control the business. To resolve the problem, William and Josiah dissolved the partnership around 1873 and set up two separate businesses, Josiah Parkes and Sons and Parkes, Parkes and Co., but they both traded from the same address.  Parkes, Parkes and Co. traded successfully for a while and then both Samuel and Josiah started other businesses.  The Union Street business of Parkes, Parkes & Co. faded out, as did the Samuel Parkes' business. (This part of the JP&S history is not quite correct - Samuel Parkes business remained until early 21stC).

Willenhall Lockmakers & Allied Trades 1835:
William Parkes listed as Padlock-maker of Walsall St, also there 1818, also Samuel Parkes.
1864 Trade Directory: William & Josiah Parkes, Iron-merchants and lock, latch and bolt makers of Union St.

A William Parkes aged 20 was living in King St, Willenhall, in 1841: he was a locksmith. This is probably the same man.

1846: Locksmith, New Rd, Willenhall (Son Sam Birth)
1851 Census: 9, Union St Willenhall:
William (29, Locksmith, Gornal), Elizabeth (31, Willenhall), Samuel (4, Willenhall), Josiah (3, Willenhall), Catherine (1, Willenhall), Richard (brother, 20, Locksmith, Bilston).
1861 Census: Union St, Willenhall:
William (39, Merchant, Gornal), Elizabeth (40, Willenhall), Samuel (14, Scholar), Josiah (12 Scholar), Catherine (10, Scholar), William (8, scholar)
1869: Iron Merchant (Samuel Marriage).
1871 Census 71 Union St Willenhall,
William (49, Iron Merchant, Dudley), Elizabeth (52, Willenhall), Josiah (son, 23, Clerk to Iron Merchant, Willenhall), Catherine (dau, 21, Willenhall).

Birmingham Daily Post, 20/5/1874
heretofore subsisting between us, the undersigned WILLIAM PARKES And JOSIAH PARKES, carrying on business as Iron Merchants and Factors, at Willenhall, In the county of Stafford, under the style or firm of "W. and J. PARKES,” has been DISSOLVED by mutual consent, as from the 31at day of December, 1873. All Debts due by or to the said late Partnership will be Paid and Received by the said William Parkes, by whom the business will in future be carried on.—Dated this 4th day of May. 1874.
Witness—Charles WATSON, Clerk to Mr. Jas. Slater, Solicitor. Darlaston. 

1881 Census: 88, Union St.
William Parkes (Hd, 59, Iron Merchant, Sedgley), Elizabeth (wf 62 Willenhall).
1891 Census, 92 New Rd, Willenhall: Elizabeth Parkes (wid, 72, own means, Willenhall).
1901 Census, 10 New Rd, Willenhall: Elizabeth Parkes, (wid 82) + housekeeper.
2/1. Samuel Parkes, Born 25/7/1846BC Willenhall,

D/CJB: 2/1/1920, The Wheatlands, Aldridge, 73 Lock Manufacturer, S. Rowland Parkes, son, informant
Probate Index: Samuel Parkes of the Wheatlands Aldridge Walsall Staffordshire died 1/1/1920 Probate Lichfield 12 October 1920 to Robert James Colley bank manager. Effects £7933 8s 1d.
Will: Left Gross estate £7933/8/1. Net personal estate: £3747/3/5. 12/10/1920.

Joined father and uncle Josiah as iron merchants clerk. Later became a hardware merchant, Samuel Parkes & Co Ltd, New Rd. Willenhall, (ref Census & JP&S history), which remained in business until abt 2006.
Elected to 1st Willenhall Urban District Council, 1st meeting was held on December 31st 1894.
1872: of New Rd, Willenhall, General Factor (Sam R P B/C)
1879: left partnership with William & Josiah.
1881 Census, 94 New Rd, Willenhall (all b Willenhall)
Samuel Parkes (34, Hardware Merchant), Harriet (36), William H. (10), Samuel R (8), Minnie H. (6), Ethel A. (3).
1885: Elected to Local Board with Samuel Parkes, Willenhall[36].
1891 Census, 94 New Rd, Willenhall (all b Willenhall).
Samuel (44, Hardware Factor), Harriet (44), William H. (20, Student in Theology), Samuel R (18, Hardware Clerk), Ethel A (12, scholar) Mabel EK (10 scholar), Jeannie G. (8, Scholar)
1901 Census, New Rd, Willenhall:
Samuel Parkes (54, Hardware Merchant), Harriet (55), Samuel R (28, Hardware Merchant's Clerk), Minnie H. (26), Mabel E.K. (20), Jennie G. (18),
1911 Census, New Rd, Willenhall:
Samuel Parkes (64, M Lockmaker) Harriet (64, M, mar 41 yr, 6 children all live) Samuel Rowland (37, S, Lock maker) Mabel Eveline Kate (28, S)

Married Harriet Hodson (B 1844, Willenhall), 9/9/1869JB, St Stephens, Willenhall.
He Bachelor, 23, Iron Merchant, father William P. Iron Merchant
She Spinster, 25, father William Hodson, decd, Book Keeper, lock Manufacturer.
Witness Joseph James Hodson & Catherine Parkes.
She was baptised 10/11/1844FMPi Willenhall, of William & Jane (Lamsdale), m 5/5/1836FMPi, W’ton), B&S both OTP, locksmith of Willenhall.
She died Q4 1931, aged 87, reg Walsall.

3/1. William Herbert Parkes 30/10/1870, Willenhall, Mother Hodson.

C1901, Clergyman, Hawarden, Flintshire. Unmarried.
1939 Reg, The Vicarage, Macclesfield:
William H Parkes ((30/10/1870, S, Vicar of Chelford), Ethel A Tildesley (21/10/1877, W, Private Means).
1940, of The Vicarage, Chelford, near Crewe, Clerk.
Mentioned in S.R. Parkes will, executor and heir.
Probate: the reverend of The Vicarage, Chelford, died at Rudheath Farm, Cranage, Holmes Chapel, 4/8/1944. £3132/12/8d.

3/2. Samuel Rowland Parkes B. 25/10/1872, ch 20/12/1874, Willenhall

BC: of New Rd, Willenhall, Father Samuel P, General Factor.
D. 24/10/1940, The Wheatlands, Little Aston Rd, Aldridge., age 67, hardware Manufacturer, J Gertrude Parkes, sister, informant.
He left shares in the company to his brother, William, sister Jennie, and a number of the employees.

3/3. Minnie Harriette Parkes ch 20/12/1874FMPi, Willenhall
3/4. Ethel Adeline 21/10/1877, Willenhall.

1901 Census, Wolverhampton St, Willenhall:
Josiah Percival Tildesley (Hd, 32, Surgeon & Physician MB London University, own account, Willenhall), Ethel Adeline (Wf, 23, Willenhall), Kenneth Percival (son, 2, Willenhall), Annie Berwick (serv, 23, housemaid).
1911 Census, Lyndhurst, Willenhall, all born there:
Josiah Percival Tildesley (40, Mar, medical practitioner), Ethel Adeline (31, mar 13 2 living children), Kenneth Percival (son, 12, school) Ethel Vere (6)
M. Josiah Percival Tildesley, b 1868, Willenhall, Q2 1897, W’ton
He died Q1 1916, reg Wolverhampton, age 47.
She died at the Shrubbery Nursing Home, Worcester, 7/10/1976, £37108.
4/1. Kenneth Percival Tildesley, b abt 1898, Willenhall.

Probate: of Trevidern, Sutton Coldfield d 10/4/1927 at Narayanginge, Decca Eastern Bengal India Administration, to Ethel Adeline T widow, £233/9/11d, with will.

4/2. Ethel Vere Tildesley, b abt 1905.

3/5. Mabel Eveline Kate Parkes abt 1880, Willenhall.

Mentioned in S.R. Parkes will as heir.
Probate: of the Wheatlands, Aldridge, died 21/6/1952 to Ethel Adeline Tildesley, widow.

3/6. Jennie Gertrude Parkes abt 1883, unm 1940.

Mentioned in S.R. Parkes will as heir.

2/2. Josiah Parkes, born 2/4/1848PR Willenhall.

Died 21/2/1890MI, Willenhall. Probate to Mary
He joined his father and uncle Josiah as an iron merchants clerk, and later left the family works to become a brass founder in Wood Street.
Married Q3 1871 Mary Hadley, reg Aston.
1873[37], Patents: "2890. And to Josiah Parkes, of Willenhall, in the county of Stafford, Brass-founder, for the invention of “improvements in window sash fasteners, also applicable to other purposes".

On their several petitions, recorded in the Office of the Commissioners on the 2nd day of September, 1873."
1881 Census, 93, Wood St, Willenhall.
Josiah Parkes (32, Brass founder employing 2 men & 3 boys, Willenhall), Mary (28, Walsall).
1891 Census, 93 Wood St, Willenhall:
Mary Parkes (Hd, Wid, 37, Brass-founder, Walsall), Eliza May Hadley (niece, 16, Brass-founder's Assistant, London, Bermondsey), Edith A (niece, 13, BFA, Walsall).
1890: @ Morley House, Willenhall.
1890: Parkes, Parkes & Co, 88 Union St.
1892 a Brass founder of Wood St.
1901 Nil.

1851 Census, Portland St Walsall, children born there:
John Hadley (40, lockmaker, Standford), Elizabeth (36, Wednesbury), Stephen (13), Eli (9), John E (7), Arthur W (1)
1871 Census, St Giles Camberwell:
Stephen Hadley (32, Factor, Wolverhampton), Maria (29, London), Edward Stephen (6, Walsall), Florence (5mths, Camberwell).
1861 Census: Mary there as well.
1881 Census, The Bridge, Walsall:
Maria Hadley (mar, 39, Factors Wife, London), Edw S (16, factors son, Walsall), Martha F (10, scholar, London), Alice Maud (8, scholar, London), Eliza M (6, scholar, London), Mary L (5, Walsall), Edith A (3, Walsall), Kate B (2, Walsall), Sidney H (6mths, Walsall).

2/3. Catherine Parkes, born 1850 Willenhall. (Census).

Ch St Stephen’s Willenhall, 10/3/1850, father a locksmith
This marriage was suggested by JB, and is in the civil listing, but they do not appear in subsequent indices.
Frederick Henry Reg Q1 1848, Wolverhampton
Kelly’s 1900: 64 Wolverhampton St, Willenhall, chemists & Druggist.
1896, Cross St.
1861 Census, Market Place, Willenhall: 13, father Frederick H Fortnam.
1891 Census, Willenhall: FHF (43), Catherine (41). Ditto 1881.
1901 Census 64 Market St, Willenhall: FHF (53, chemist) Catherine (51).
MJB. Q2 1876 West Derby, Lancs, Frederick Henry Fortnam (b Q1 1848, Willenhall) 1881-1901, a chemist/druggist, Willenhall.
Probate: FHF, of Oakdale, New Rd Willenhall, D 7/11/1924 to Catherine Fortnam, widow £5542/1/2d.
Probate: Catherine Fortnam, of Oakdale, widow, d 19/3/11938 to Samuel Rowland Parkes, lock manufacturer, 6148/13/3d.

2/4. William Fletcher Parkes, born 1853, Willenhall (census)

Ch. St Stephen’s, Willenhall 13/3/1853FMPi, father a locksmith
(referred to in JP&S history)
Died: Q4 1934, age 82, reg Wolverhampton, William F.
No Probate found.
Joined father and uncle Josiah as iron merchants clerk.
Married: Mary Josephine Charnock, B 1850, Liverpool, (re Paul Bowman) West Derby Q2 1879JB. She died 1895, Cannock.
1861 Census, 4 Epworth St, West Derby, Liverpool (All ch b West Derby)
John Charnock (Hd, 49, Flour Dealer & Grocer, Croft, Lancs), Mary (wf, 43, Holyhead), Thomas (17), John (12, Scholar), Mary (10, Scholar), James (8, Scholar), Elizabeth (7, Scholar), Margaret (5, Scholar), Joseph (3) Theresa (9mths) Martha Quirk (Serv, 24, Cook, Isle of Man), Alice Handright (Serv, 20, Nurse, Ireland).
1871 Census, Lyton St, Everton, Lancs.
William Henry T(F)oole (Ironmonger/Master employing 4 men & 3 boys), William F. Parkes (boarder, 18, Ironmonger's apprentice, Willenhall).
1881 Census, 33 Erskine St, W. Derby, Liverpool.
William Fletcher Parkes (28, Ironmonger emp 4 men, 4 boys, Willenhall), Mary (30, Liverpool), Marie Elizabeth (3 mths, L'pool), Mary Charnock (63, m-in-law, Holyhead), James Charnock (b-in-law, 27, Baker, L'pool).
1891 Census: Walsall Rd, CannockJB:
W Fletcher (38, Ironmonger), Mary (40), M Eliz (10), Madeline (8), Francis W (6), Josephine (5), Isabella (4), Josiah J (1).
1901 Census, 67 Caldmore Rd, Walsall:
William F Parkes (wid, 48, Builder's Clerk, Willenhall), Marie E. (dau, 20, Draper's Assistant, Liverpool), Marguerite M. (18, Milliner's improver, Cannock), Josephine (15, Cannock), Isabel K (14, Draper's Assistant, Cannock), John J. (11, Cannock).
1911 Census, 67 Caldmore Rd, Walsall (all b Staffordshire):
William F Parkes (wid, 58, Clerk, Willenhall), Isabel Kathleen (24, Housekeeper), John Josiah (21, Grocers Assistant).
Issue:[38] JB
3/1. Marie Elizabeth Parkes abt 1/1881, Liverpool.

Married Joseph Follows, Q3 1907, reg Dudley.
1911 Census, Blakenhall Wolverhampton:
Joseph B Follows (32, Electrical Engineer Motor Car Works, Cannock), Marie Elizabeth (30, Liverpool), Mary Josephine (2).
Probate: Marie Elizabeth Follows, of Goldthorne Hill, W’ton died 29/5/1960, to Mary Josephine Marguerite Jones (wife of John Ottwill Jones) & William Bernard Follows, co Director; £1821/6/2d.
Died: Joseph B Follows, Q1 1938, age 59 Reg Wolverhampton.
Issue: 2 sons & another daughter and:
4/1. Mary Josephine M Follows, b 25/4/1908, Cannock, Parkes.

Married John Ottwill Jones, Q2 1937, Reg W’ton, as Mary J.M., he b 19/3/1914, re 1939 registration

5/1. Anne Jones, b 5/1942, Wolverhampton.

She gave this descent from Marie Parkes[iv]

3/2. Marguerite Madeleine Parkes Q3 1882, reg Cannock. Ch 3/9/1882.
3/3. William Francis Parkes, b Q2 1884, Cannock.

Married William F Parkes to Ethel J Mason, Q2 1914 reg W’ton
There is an entry in 1939 for William E or F & Edith.

3/3. Josephine Parkes, Q3 1885, ch 9/9/1885, Cannock.

WFP an ironmonger of Walsall Rd.

3/4. Isabel Kathleen Parkes, abt 1887, Cannock.

Married 20/11/1915FMPi, Walsall, dau of WFP, Frederick Scoyne, son of William Frederick Scoyne.
1939 Reg, 82, Sandwell Rd Walsall:
Frederick Scoyne (9/11/1884, M, Leather Worker) Isabel K (4/2/1887), Kathleen M (11/10/1916 Elementary school teacher) William A (16/7/1918, Turner machine tools).

3/5. John Josiah Parkes, Q2 1890, Cannock, no more found.

1/2. Josiah Parkes, ch Gornal 9/9/1823.
1/3. Henry Parkes, born 1823-6, Birth not found.

1841: an engineer, living with his parents, age 14 b. Staffs.
In 1851 & 61 he reappears in related trades: the ages in ’41 &’51 are consistent, but his age in ’61 is 3 years older. On balance, this is correct, him being married twice, and the sequences of the marriages work.
He and this family disappear after 1861.
There are also other supporting facts: the witnesses at his wedding to Hannah were Josiah & Catherine Parkes, and Henry & Hannah’s daughter’s godfather was Edward: there is also a thread of Catholicism.

The marriage to Eliza Fantom/Grainger fits the 1841 census
Married 1: Eliza Fantom, 11/4/1850, Tipton
PR shows married in the Catholic St Peter & St Paul, Wolverhampton, resident Bilston, but no further info.
Eliza Granger ch Bilston 8/11/1818 of William & Mary, a bricklayer.
Marriage 1st: Wolverhampton, 1/10/1838FMPi, John Fantom, Sawyer of Bilston son of John Fantom, Sawyer to Eliza Grainger, bonnet maker, dau of William Grainger, B&S 25 & 20.
John Fantom died of Cholera, Bilston bur 7/9/1849FMPi, age 35.

1851 Census, 3 Church St, Bilston, a possibility:
Henry Parkes (Hd, 25, Mechanic, Wolverhampton), Eliza (33, Bilston Henrietta (dau, 4 months, Bilston), Mary Fantom (d-in-l, 11, Bilston), Caroline Fantom (d-in-l, 5, Bilston).
Eliza Parkes buried Bilston 20/4/1855FMPi, aged 36, resident Erdington – probably her.

Married 2: Hannah Taylor, 25/5/1858FMPi, Catholic, witnesses Josiah & Catherine Parkes.
1861 Census, 7, Sir Charles Napier, Bilston:
Henry Parkes (38, Engine Worker, W’ton), Hannah (wf, 40, Bilston), Beatrice (dau, 10, Bilston), Eliza (6, B’ham), Mary Agnes (1, Willenhall).
1871 Census not found
1881 Census, Tipton – Henry & Hannah Parkes, about the correct age, but they & children born in Tipton. Probably not the same couple, he was probably the owner of a business in Tipton in the metal foundry.

2/1. Beatrice Henrietta Parkes, b Q4 1850, reg Wolverhampton.
2/3. Eliza Parkes, b Q4 1854, reg B’ham, mother Grainger.
2/4. Mary Agnes Parkes, b abt 1860.

Born. 31/5/1859, ch Bilston RC 5/6/1859 of Henry & Hannah (former Taylor) Parkes, god father Edward Parkes, god mother Sara Taylor.
Mary Agnes Parkes died Q2 1861, reg Wolverhampton – was this her??

1/4. Richard Parkes, ch Bobbington 10/10/1830FMPi.

Died btw 1881-1891, no burial found. No will found.
Apprenticed locksmith and joined brothers in JP&S, but did not stay. (from census's and Jill Bradley).
1841 Census with parents.

1851 Census, with brother William, age 20, locksmith.
1853: Mary Beatrice birth, Locksmith of Willenhall.
1861 not found.
1862 a carter of Bilston Rd, Willenhall (Samuel's birth).
1871 Census, 12, New Hall Rd, Willenhall (all b Willenhall ex R.).
Richard Parkes (40, Iron scrap dealer), Emma (39), George (15), Kate (13), John (11), Samuel (8), Josiah (6).
1881 Census, 60 New Hall Rd, Willenhall (all b. Willenhall ex Rich):
Richard Parkes (50, Bobbington, Scrap iron dealer), Emma (w, 59), John (grocer's assistant, 21), Catherine (24), Samuel (File cutter, 17), Josiah (File cutter, 15), Alice (scholar, 9).
1891 Census, 10 Cemetery Rd, Willenhall (RG12/2239), all b Walsall:
Emma Parkes (wid, 59), Kate (33), John (31, Carter Iron Warehouse), Josiah (26, Carter), Alice (19).
1901 Census, 65 New Hall St, Willenhall:
Emma Parkes (wid, 69, Iron scrap broker), Alice (dau, 29).
Married Emma Smith (dau of Benjamin, a Lock Maker) 17/1/1853, Tipton, by banns, both age 21.
Issue, ch St Stephen’s Willenhall from PR transcript.
2/1. Mary Beatrice Parkes, ch 14/8/1853, locksmith, Willenhall.
2/2. George Parkes, ch 20/5/1855, locksmith.
   1891 not found
2/3. Catherine Parkes, ch 23/6/1857, locksmith.
2/4. John Parkes, 22/4/1860, locksmith, 1871 & 81, 91 with parents.
2/5. Samuel Edward Parkes,

b. 4/9/1862, Bilston Rd, Willenhall. Ch 5/10/1862, locksmith.
1898, married Mary Ann Robinson, Q3 DudleyJB.
1881 with parents, file cutter.
1891 Census, 74 Flood St, Dudley:
Ann Southall (wid, 64), Samuel Parkes (lodger, 28, File Cutter, Willenhall).
1901, Census, 18, Hunters Vale, Aston Manor, B'ham:
Samuel Parkes (37, File Cutter), Mary Ann (35, Dudley).
Nothing further found.

2/6. Josiah Parkes, ch 12/3/1865.

1871, 81, 91 with parents
Probate: of Albion Rd, Willenhall, died 18/5/1944 to Agnes widow, £520/10/1d.
Married, Willenhall 15/10/1896, JP, scrap dealer, son of Richard Parkes, scrap dealer, Agnes Downes, dau of John Downes, stock taker, both of Albion St, full age.
Agnes died Q1 1950, age 79, reg Bilston.
1901 Census, Albion Rd, Willenhall:
Josiah Parkes (36, scrap iron dealer), Agnes (31, Shirl Heath), Clarence (3, Willenhall).
1911 Census, Albion St, Willenhall:
Josiah Parkes (45, iron & scrap dealer, Willenhall), Agnes (41, M 14 yrs, 3 born alive, 2 living, Shirl Heath), Clarence P (13, Willenhall), Gwendoline M (4).
1939 Reg, Albion Rd, Willenhall:
Josiah Parkes (15/2/1865, Iron steel etc Merchant), Agnes (29/4/1870, Domestic), Clarence P (31/10/1897, as father)
3/1. Clarence Percival Parkes abt .

Probate: of Hatherton, Cannock, died 9/6/1979, £51408. Reg age correct.

3/2. Gwendoline Maude Parkes, b Q2 1907, Willenhall.

Married Kenneth G Parkes abt Q3 1935, reg Bilston.
1939 Reg: Wombourne Rd, Wolverhampton:
Kenneth G Parkes (4/2/1908, schoolmaster), Gwendoline M (31/3/1907, domestic), Keith E (20/5/1936), Kathleen R (17/3/1939).
Died Kenneth George Parkes, Q3 1988, Wolverhampton, DoB 4/2/1909.
Probate: Gwen of 51 Sabrina Rd, Wightwick, W’ton, died 10/1/1986 <£40000.

2/7. Alice Parkes, ch 27/8/1871. 1901 still with parents.

1/5. George Parkes,  Ch. Wolverhampton 4/10/1834ACt, of Josiah & Beatrice.

Much of this line was provided by Jill BradleyJB, a GG grand-dau.
Died 8/3/1891JB, aged 57, house painter, Bronchitis, at Lozells St, Aston Manor.
Ref Jill Bradley:
Married Elizabeth Rice, b abt 1829, Birmingham.
Marriage: 28/7/1856, Erdington, reg Q3 1856.
He: age 23, Plumber & Glazier, Park Place, Hanbury Terrace, s of Joseph(?), a Tallow Chandler. She age 25, dau of John Rice, Tin Plate worker.
1851: at Oxford St with stepfather, apprentice Painter & Glazier
1851 Census, Villa St Aston, B’ham, all b B’ham:
John Rice (46, Tin plate Worker), Sarah (45), Catherine (19, Dress maker), James (17 (tin Plate), John (16, glass cutter), Sarah Ann (13, scholar)
1861: 129, Oxford St, Painter & Glazier with own family:
1871, Villa St, Aston:
George Parkes (36, painter, Bilston), Elizabeth (40), Edward (13, Jeweller's assistant, Bilston), John (12, Errand Boy, Bilston), Beatrice (10, Burnisher, Bilston), Frances (9, scholar, Bilston), Agnes (5, scholar, Aston).
1881 Census, 13, Villa St, Aston, Warks.
George Parkes (46, Painter, Wolverhampton), Elizabeth (52, B'ham), Edward (26, Painter, Bilston), Beatrice (20, Burnisher, Bilston), Frances (18, Burnisher, Bilston), Agnes (15, Burnisher, Aston manor), Charlotte Fischer (vis, 9, scholar, Wednesbury).
1891, 1901 not found
2/1. Edward George Parkes abt 1857, Bilston.

Died 1/5/1918, 26 Church Vale, Handsworth, age 62, house painter, cardiac failure.
1861 Census, with John & Sarah Rice (g/parents) Park Place, Aston
1891 Census, 145 Lozells St, Aston Manor.
Edward (33, painter & Glazier), Rose (33), George (8), Elizabeth (6), Agnes (3), John (1), Harriet Williams (M-in-L, wid, 72)
1901 Census, 88, Well St, Smethwick:
Edward (43), Rose (43), Elizabeth (dau, 16, Gold Cutter), Agnes (13), John (11), Rose (2).
M. 10/10/1881, Birmingham, Rose Emily Williams (10/10/1857-14/9/1934), dau of Henry & Harriet (Allen) Williams, a baker.
3/1. George Henry Parkes, b. 1882, m Caroline Evans.

1911 Census, Whitehead Rd, Aston, all b Aston:
George Parkes (28, brewery labourer), Caroline (26, mar 4 yer, 2 children), George (2), Rose (5 months)
Married, George Henry P to Caroline Evans Q1 1907, Reg Aston.
1939, Handsworth:
George H Parkes (13/2/1883, Doorman), Caroline (13/11/1885, Domestic)
4/1. Amy Parkes, M. George Roper.

This looks like an unrelated group:
Amy E Parkes married Frederick J Roper, Q1 1929, West Brom.
1939 Kingstanding Rd, Birmingham: Amy E (M, 3/6/1907, Domestic), Margaret (25/7/1931) Note Middleton 30/7/1953 – 7/4/1964.

4/2. George Henry Parkes, B. 9/9/1909 Q3 1908, Reg Aston.
M Gertrude Waldron 1933 (1939 reg), B’ham. Son George E abt 8/33
4/3. Rose L. Parkes, B Q1/1911, reg Aston.

M. Arthur B Bayliss, Q3 1933, reg Birmingham, 2 children. B 6/1/1911 re 1939, Handsworth.
He probably died before 1939 – Rose looks to be the head.

3/2. Elizabeth Catherine Parkes

(30/1/1885, D 19/6/1936, 177, Audley Rd, B'ham, age 51 Anaemia.
M. James Tittley 1/7/1911, Handsworth (B. 5/2/1878, Birmingham, s of Joseph & Rebecca (Jennings) Tittley, D. 23/2/1932, Birmingham, aged 54, Bricklayer, Cancer)
1916, James Tittley an ammunition worker.
1939 Reg, Hutton Rd, Handsworth, Birmingham:
Joseph Tittley (24/12/1912, Single, sign maintenance man), Irene R (Hickman added, 31/10/1916, Single, Domestic), Horace J (24/9/1919, Single, sign maintenance).
4/1. Joseph John Tittley (24/12/1912-Q1 1969)
   M. Q2 1941, Birmingham, Emma Hodges (1903-1974)
4/2. Irene Rebecca Tittley (31/10/1916, Birmingham-98)

M. 26/10/1940, Alfred John Hickman (1914-69). 2 sons Gerard & John James & 1 dau Jill Elizabeth (Hickman) Bradley).
Hickmans have always lived in one of the 3 Gornals, Upper, Lower, or Gornal Wood. Some worked as Boat loaders others were Bricklayers. Back to 1813.
5/1. John James Hickman, b Q3 1942, reg B’ham, Tittley.
5/2. Jill Elizabeth Hickman, b Q1 1947, reg B’ham, Tittley.

Married David A Bradley, Q4 1973, Meriden.

5/3. Gerard A Hickman, b Q3 1956, reg B’ham, Tittley.

4/3. Horace James Tittley (24/9/1919-87). M. Q4 1957, Rhona Irene Wright, Reg Lichfield.
4/4. Howard Thomas Tittley (1921-26).

3/3. Agnes Rose Parkes (1887-1960)

M. Joseph Fletcher (1882-1946), Q4 1909, Reg Aston.
1939 Reg, Birmingham (street unreadable)
Joseph Fletcher (20/9/1888, Hardware Factor), Agnes R (18/?1887), Edward J (25/2/1910, S, Furniture Salesman)
4/1. Joseph Frederick Fletcher (1915-99)ACdna.

M Gertie Lilly Mathews (1920-2011)

5/1. Peggy Fletcher, M Roger DevereauxACdna.

3/4. John Parkes, b abt 1890, Birmingham.
3/5. Rose Parkes, b abt 1899, Birmingham.

2/2. John Andrew Parkes, born Bilston Q1 1859, reg Wolverhampton, Rice.

How John Parkes & Sarah Coburn met is a real puzzle – she was in service in Berkshire in 1881, he has not been found.
1891 Census, Holly Rd, Birmingham All Saints.
John Andrew Parkes (33, attendant at Asylum, Bilston), Sarah (35, Toddington, Beds).
Sarah Ann Coburn, b Q4 1854, reg Woburn, Holmes.
Sarah Ann Coburn M Q3 1890, Reg Whitechapel, John Andrew Parkes, the same reference.
1871 Census, 10, Cobbs Row, Woburn, all b there:
James Coburn (42, Ag Lab), Charlotte (37), Sarah (16, Shaw plaiter), Edward (14), Nathan (?8), James (6), Charlotte (4), Henry (2), Clara (1).
1881 Census, Wooley House Park, Chaddleworth, Berks:
Sarah A Coburn (27, Laundry Maid, Toddington)
1881 John Parkes not found
1901 Census, 241 Heath St, Birmingham:
John A (44, Brass Fetler, Bilston), Sarah (wf, 46, Toddington), John A. (8, Birmingham), Charlotte Coburn (S-in-L, 35), John Rice (uncle, 63, Wid, Stained Glass Worker).

2/3. Sarah Beatrice Parkes,

born Bilston abt Jan/1861 (age 3mths at Census).
Married 17/2/1881 Aston, Herbert Hastilow, a Coachman, son of Joseph Hastilow a Dairyman.
1891 Census, 116 Albert St, Wednesbury:
Herbert Hastilow (37, Carter, Sutton), Beatrice (30), Avis (9), Frances (7), Herbert (5 mths).
1901 Census, St James Sq, Wednesbury:
Herbert (46, Groom), Beatrice (40), Herbert (10), Alfred (6).
3/1. Avis Hastilow, b abt 1882
3/2. Frances Elizabeth Hastilow, b 15/5/1883, D 16/2/1971.

Married Herbert Gorge Hirons, 3/5/1909, HGH b Duns Tew, Oxfordshire, 21/3/1887, D 24/1/1953.
4 children From Diane[v]
4/1. Frances Muriel Hirons Stillborn.
4/2. Hilda Muriel Hirons, B 7/2/1911, D 24/12/2000

5/1. Diane Bella?, who gave this information.

4/3. Herbert Alfred James Hirons, B 29/10/1913, D 5/7/1985
4/4. Nina May Hirons, B 26/6/1917.

3/3. Herbert Hastilow, b abt 1890
3/4. Alfred Hastilow, b abt 1895

2/4. Frances Parkes, abt 1863, alive 1881, Aston.
2/5. Agnes Parkes abt 1866, alive 1881, Aston.

1/6. Edward Parkes, born Bilston, 1836-7. (ref Census's).

A possible birth as a Catholic 1/1/1836FMPi, but no parents given, holy Trinity Bilston. Looks unlikely.
The descent from Edward has been supplied by his g-grand daughter, Sue Reeves[vi] in Nov 2006.
1851 & 61, apprenticed to and working with Stepfather.
1851 Census: Chapel House, Sedgley:
Jonthn Wright (38, Railway Contractor, Handsworth), Elizabeth (33, London), Ellen, 9, Sedgley + 5 others.
1864, informant on mother's death resident at 25 Oxford St.
1871 Census, 72, Oxford St, Bilston:
Edward Parkes (34, Pawnbroker, master, Bilston), Ellen (30, wife), Ada Ellen (7, scholar), Albert Edward (6), Percy Edwin (4), Edward (2), Beatrice Jane (10mths). All ch b Bilston.
1881: Fruit and Potato Salesman.
1884 a Clerk
1891 a Commercial Traveller.
1901 the Parish Clerk at St. Michael and All Saints Tettenhall.
1891 Census, Upper Green, Tettenhall - this may be him (RG12/2223):
Edward Parkes (54, Commercial Traveller, Bilston), Ellen (50, Bradley), Edward (22, Cabinet Maker), Maude (19, Dress Maker), Lillian (17, Dress Maker), Aline (16, Pupil Teacher), Nellie (14), Hugh (11), Gordon (6) All issue Tettenhall.
1901v Census. Church Walk, Tettenhall (probably him) (b Willenhall:
Edward (64, Parish Clerk), Ellen (60, Bradley), Maud (dau, 29), Lillian (27, district nurse), Olive (26, Asst schoolmistress), Nellie (24, Asst schoolmistress), Hugh (21, Clerk in manufacturers Office), Edward (22, Cabinetmaker, Bilston).
Married Ellen Matheson Wright, 2 October 1862, Queen Street Independent Chapel Wolverhampton. Witnesses George Lidington and Sarah Ann Wright.
Died on 24 August 1914 in Twyford Danescourt Road Tettenhall.
She was dau. of Jonathan Chell Wright (1813-1876) and Elizabeth Matheson (1817- ), b. on 15 May 1840 in Highfield Coseley Sedgley.
She was 1861 Housekeeper for William Armstrong, Pawnbroker in Wakefield. She died on 25 March 1914.
2/1. Ada Victoria Ellen Parkes,

b. 18/8/1863, 25 Oxford st. Bilston
D. 6 April 1923 in 80 Rugeley Road, Chase Terrace.
1881 a Pupil Teacher.
1881 Census, Parkfield Rd, Bilston:
William Evans (27, House Painter, Willenhall), Ada (27, Home Wife, Bilston), Martha (6), Alice Maud, 3), Harry (5).
1901 Census, Eastgate St, Chasetown, Staffs:
Ada Victoria Evans (39, school teacher), Harry (15, coal miner), Alice Maud (13, school teacher).
By 1901 she had left William and was a School Mistress, When Ada Parkes left her husband William Evans, family history says that a Parkes uncle helped her to move and get a job as a school mistress. Also John James Cooper, maybe another relative, was a mentor at the time.
Married William Evans on 14 July 1884 in St George's Parish Church Wolverhampton. William Evans , son of John Evans (1835- ) and Martha Jones, b. on 27 July 1863 in New Road Willenhall.
A Coal Dealers Son in 1881. By 1901 he is a House Painter.
D. on 22 November 1933 in Wolverhampton Road Heathtown. He is 'of 17 Union Mill Street' and he died from Carcinoma Prostate. E. Spelman daughter informant.
3/1. Martha Evans, born 4/9/1884 in 36 Gomer Street

Married Henry Beresford, 28/4/1903,Lichfield Register Office.
Witnesses Harry Evans and Annie Garbett.
Henry Beresford , s of Henry Beresford (1850- ) and Ann ? (1851- ), born 1886 Burntwood. A Coal Miner Horse Driver.
4/1. Louisa Olive Beresford b. 9/1903 Lichfield 6b496.
4/2. Gordon Henry Beresford born 12/1905 Lichfield 6b461  

A Publican. Kept The Miners Rest at Ogley Hay.

4/3. Alfred Beresford born 3/1908 in Lichfield 6b 496.

A Publican, kept The Jubilee between Hednesford and Littleton. He married Hannah Harpin, 9/1932 Lichfield.

4/4. John Beresford born 6/1910, Lichfield 6b 476.

A Publican. Kept The Miners Rest on Ogley Hay Road.
Married Elizabeth Heggs in June 1937 Lichfield 6b861.

4/5. Cynthia N Beresford born 12/1912 Lichfield 6b 919.
4/6. Ada Matheson Beresford b. 9/1914, Lichfield 6b977.

Married Horace G Colbourne 6/1939, Lichfield 6b 1130.
1/1998 in Walsall D50A 092.

4/7. Millicent Beresford born 3/1917, Lichfield 6b 683.

Married George D Richardson 9/1939 Lichfield 6b 1305.

4/8. Lillian Grace Beresford b.12/1918, Lichfield 6b622.
4/9. Kathleen Martha Beresford b. 3/1920 Lichfield

6b1049. Married William Gill 9/1941 Lichfield 6b 1035.

4/10. Philip Beresford 9/1924, Lichfield 6b 772.

Married Bernice R Jobburns 12/1946, Lichfield 9b 489.
He died in August 1993 in Lichfield 48c 024.

4/11. Winifred Joyce Beresford

born 6/1926, Lichfield 6b 762. She was a Munitions worker Birmingham during WW2.
Married Christopher J Watters 9/1948, Lichfield 9b752.
She died in September 1993 in Lichfield 48c 067.

3/2. Harry Evans born 22/8/1886, 36 Gomer St. Willenhall.

A Coal Miner. D. 27/3/1963, 2 South Close Cannock.
Married 12/4/1909, St Annes Church Chasetown, Jessie Ellen Chapman, (1845-1935) and Martha Wigley (1848-1913), born 5/11/1886 Brownhills. She was a Driver. She drove the horse and cart transporting miners to work. Died in 1958, 82 Rugeley Rd Chase Terrace.
4/1. Harry (Alfred) Evans

born 4/7/1914, Hednesford Road Brownhills Norton. J E Evans reg birth.
Died on 22/12/1916 Jacobs Hall Lane Great Wyrley from Basal Meningitis.
Sapper F J Morris, uncle of 64 Union street Bridgtown, Cannock registered death on December 26th.

4/2. Lillian Eilean (Toby) Evans

born 17/3/1918, Chase Terrace.
She died in September 1997 in Cannock.
Married,5/1943, St Annes Chasetown, Lawrence Douglas Gibbons born 1918, a Master Butcher. Had 2 shops in Cannock. He died in April 1997 in Stafford (SGI).
5/1. Judith Gibbons (1943- )

4/3. Jack Evans

born 4/9/1922, Rugeley Rd. Chase Terrace.
An Engineer in the army during WW2. Then worked for Tarmac servicing, installing and purchasing cranes.
He died in August 1997 in Walsall.
M. Dorothy Marion Barnett , dau. of Barnett and Elsie Phillips, was born on 22/12/1923 Lichfield. A Dressmaker.
She died in August 2003 in  Walsall.
5/1. Robert Barnett Evans (1947- )

4/4. Eric Evans

b. 22/3/1927, 82 Rugeley Rd Chase Terrace
An Electrical Engineer. He married Florence Janet Jeffs on 16 October 1948 in St Pauls Church Stafford.
5/1. Susan Margaret Evans born 23/9/1950.

M. Roger Malcolm Reeves (b 1946), 7/4/1973 St Pauls Church Stafford. son of George Reeves (1913-1986) and Beatrice Veasey (1910-1999), born 6/12/1946 in Leicester. A Photographer.
6/1. David Reeves, b 26/3/1977.
6/2. Katherine Reeves, b 15/10/1980.

5/2. Anne Patricia Evans
born 20/2/1954 Chase Terrace.
A Clerical Officer Tax Office. M Graham Fisher 11/1974 St Pauls Church Stafford, born in 1951 in Stafford.
M Howard Roy Jones 9/1978 in Stafford Register Office. Son of Frank Albert Jones (1915-1978) and Florence Grace Meardon (1916-).
6/1. Christopher Roy Jones born 29/12/1980 in Stafford. An Electrical Technician ?
6/2. Emily Susan Jones born 16/1/1982 in Stafford. A Teacher.

3/3. Alice Maud Evans, born 20/4/1887 in Suffrage Street

Smethwick reg. Kings Norton. An Assistant Schoolmistress.
Died 29/4/1943, Walsall General Hospital from toxaemia, intestinal obstruction and impacted gallstone aged 56. A L Heath, son present at death.
Married 17/3/1907 in Pictou, Nova Scotia.
William (Bill) Heath, son of Charles Heath (1858- ) and Emily  ? (1861-1898), born in 1882, Boney Hay reg. Lichfield. A Miner.
4/1. William Eric Evans born 7/10/1906, Chase Terrace.

Reg at Lichfield 13.11.1906, d. 1982. A Male Nurse Rubery Hill hospital. Married Ethel Burdett (1908-1979, dau of Joseph & Harriet (Bladon) Burdett), 12/1933 in Cannock 6b1126.
This line from Darren Watkins (6/2008).

5/1. Keith Evans, b 1935
5/2. June Evans, b 1940, Birmingham.

M. Mick Carpenter, b 1940.
6/1. Mark Carpenter, b 1962.
6/2. Michael Carpenter, b 1963.

5/3. Janet Maude Evans, b 1945, Birmingham.

Married Peter Watkins, b 1944, Birmingham.
6/1. Darren Watkins, b 1968.

M. Denise Pearson, b 1966
7/1. Georgia Watkins, b 1993.
7/2. Lauren Watkins, b 1995.

6/2. Andrew Watkins, b 1970.

M Anita Harris, b 1969.
7/1. Poppy Watkins, b 1998.
7/2. Jasmine Watkins, b 2001.
7/3. Tegan Watkins, b 2004.

4/2.Albert Lionel (Jackie) Heath

born 3/1909 in Chase Terrace.
Married Dorothy I Humber December 1934 in Lichfield 6b 1038.

4/3. Alice Maud Mary (Dolly) Heath

born 25/11/1911 Rugeley Road Boney Hay Burntwood. Married Ernie Burdett 3/1933 Lichfield, Died 9/1997 in Lichfield 58c 197.
5/1. Dorothy Burdett, abt 1925
5/2. Sandra Burdett, abt 1925
5/3. Ernie Burdett.

4/4. Cecile Jeanne Heath

born 9/1920 Chase Terrace, Lichfield.
Married Percy J K Dunning 3/1943, Lichfield 6b708.
Died in September 2004 in Reg. Walsall B71A 039.

2/2. Albert Edward Ernest Parkes, abt 9/1864, Bilston.

Full name from St Stephen’s PR)
1891 Census, New Hall St, Willenhall:
Albert EE Parkes (26, Manufacturer's Clerk, Bilston), Harriett (25, Willenhall), Netta J (2, Willenhall), Alice M (1 wk, Willenhall)
1901: Commercial Clerk. Married Harriet May Braddock on 2 August 1886 in Immanuel Church Birmingham, daughter of Richard Braddock (1823- ) and Maria Babb (1826- ), was born in 1866 in Willenhall.
3/1. Dau ch St Stephen’s Willenhall 24/1/1888
3/1. Violet Daisy Parkes, born in 1891,

Christened 28.4.1891 St Stephens Willenhall. Of 1, Newhall St, father a clerk,

3/2. Ellen M Parkes (1898- )
3/3. Netta J Parkes ch St Stephen’s Willenhall 30/11/1888,

AEEP a clerk of Willenhall
Harry Cooper and Netta J Parkes had the following children:
4/1. Harry Cooper ( - )

3/4. Mary Kathleen Braddock Parkes born 1910, 532 Pleck Rd

Walsall. She died in 1957 in Walsall.
Married 31/3/ 1934, Walsall George Stanley Brown, son of George Harry Brown (1889-1917) and Annie Fellows (1893-), born 18/6/1912 Walsall. He died in 1973.
4/1. Norman Edward George Brown born 10/1/1935 Sandhills

(nr Shire Oak) Lichfield Staffs. Aged 16 a Deck apprentice Shell Tankers, P@O shipping Persian Gulf etc. Married Beryl on 21 December 1957 in Leeds Yorks.

2/3. Percy Edwin Parkes, b. 3/1867, Bilston, d. 12/80,  
2/4. Edward Lionel Parkes, abt 3/1869, Bilston.
   Cabinet Maker, Carpenter and Joiner self employed.
2/5. Beatrice Janet B Parkes, abt 6/1870, Bilston.
2/6. Alice Maud Laura Parkes, b. 1/2/1872, Willenhall,   
   dressmaker. d. 8/12/1934, Tettenhall.
2/7. Lillian Grace M. Parkes, abt 9/1873, Willenhall,
   District Nurse. M. Edwin RW Pears.
2/8. Millicent Gertrude Olive Parkes (29/12/1874-31/12/1918).
   an Assistant Schoolmistress.
2/9. Violet Edith Nellie Parkes, abt 12/1876, Willenhall.
   an Assistant Schoolmistress
2/10. Gerard Ivan Hugh Parkes, b 12/1879, Willenhall,

   a Manufacturers Clerk.
   Married Emma Jane Woodward, 18/9/1919 in The Wesleyan Chapel
   Newhampton Road Wolverhampton.
2/9. Hugh Parkes, abt 1880, Tettenhall.
2/10. Gordon Parkes, b 15/5/1884, Willenhall, d 17/10/1889,





Ch: 3/3/1799PR, Polesworth, Warks (NE).
Parents: Richard & Theodosia Cope
Married: Sarah Gamdy @ W. Bromwich All Saints, 21/5/1821PR
PR: both OTP, bachelor & spinster, witnesses: Henry Sanson & Catherine Gandy.
Died:  15/12/1861DC at Hallfields, Bilston, aged 62, a Carter, of Emphysema & Bronchitis. Buried at Apostolic Temple, Temple St, Willenhall
His will probate index:
Probate 3 May 1862: Effects under £100; The will of William Cope of Hall Fields, near Bilston in the county of Stafford, waggoner deceased who died 15 December 1861 at Hall Fields was proved at Lichfield by the oaths of Josiah Parkes of Willenhall, Iron Merchant, and William Cope of Hall Fields, puddler, the executors.

1822-6 (children's ch): Bradeley, labourer, a township a mile or so south of Bilston centre.
1841 Census, Hall Fields, Bilston:
Wm Cope (40, Labourer, No), Sarah (40, Yes), Charlotte (15, Yes), Wm (10, Iron Lab, Yes), Thos (7, Yes).
1847 (Daughter's marriage): (Illiterate) Labourer of Hall Fields, Bilston
1851 Census, Hallfields, Bilston:
William (Carter, 52, Watton, Warks - probably Warton), Sarah (56, Bilston), son Thomas (Furnace Man, 18, Bilston) Grand mother, Hannah Gandy (93 Bilston).
1861 Census, 2, Duke St?, Bilston:
William Cope (Labourer (forge), 62, Polesworth), Sarah Cope (wife, 67, Darlaston).
1871 Census: 91 Bath Rd, Walsall:
Sarah Cope (Hd, W, 77, Occupant of Almshouse, Birmingham)

    William's place of birth in Census 1851 looked like "Watton", was probably Warton, where his father was born. He gave his place of birth as Polesworth in 1861.
    Polesworth was a centre of coal mining from early 18thC, and was very active by the early 19thC. The Coventry Canal reached there in 1790. The first deep mine was sunk in 1848.
    In 1821, Polesworth consisted of 363 houses and 1834 inhabitants; it is an extensive parish, with subdivisions such as Warton in its NE part. It was a coal mining area, and the Coventry-Fradley Canal was built about 1790.
    William Cope moved to the Black Country possibly following work on the canals. There were several Copes on or around the canal system in the Midlands: these people probably were related to William. For more details see under William's father, Richard.
    William was an illiterate labourer, living first in Bradeley and then in Hall Fields, Bilston. By 1861, he had moved to Duke Street and worked in a forge. He was a carter when he died in 1861. His mother-in-law, Hannah Gandy, then aged 93, was living with him in 1851.
    Some of his children moved away, in particular his son William, who moved first to the Potteries and then to the North East, Jarrow and his son, Isaac, to Tudhoe. These two, father and son worked in the iron works there. Isaac may have been at the Weardale Iron works which was expanding in the 1860’s; there were a large number of Black Country families there in the 1871 census. The newer NE ironworks recruited skilled workers from the Black Country.



PR/IGI shows:
Born: Bilston, ch 20/1/1795PR at St Lawrence, Darlaston
Parents: John & Hannah Gandy.
Married: William Cope W. Bromwich All Saints, 21/5/1821PR
Died: 3/6/1874DC at Union St, Willenhall, age 80, widow of William Cope, labourer in iron works, pneumonia 17 days, Sarah Jane Walker of Union St, present at death.
Buried at Apostolic Temple, Temple St, Willenhall.

1851 Census: Oxford St, Bilston.  With family, age 56, born Bilston.

Issue of William Cope & Sarah Gandy, ch Bilston:
1/1. Catherine Cope 10/3/1822PR, Bradley, Labourer.[39]
1/2. Charlotte Cope 18/4/1824PR, Bradley, Labourer.[40]

1861 Census, at Union St Willenhall with Josiah & Catherine Parkes.
1861 Census, Bradford Rd, Manchester? Or Bradford
John Rowland (36, Caerleon, forgeman), Hannah (13, Bilston), William (10, Redbrook Glos), Thomas (9, Redbrook).
This family is from information mainly provided by Christine (Sweeting) Woolass, 5/2008[vii], with additions by Jane Bottomley.
Married John Rowland, from Llangattock, Caerleon in Monmouthshire in Q4 1846 reg Wolverhampton as Rowlands. He is a forgeman in the iron works (JB).
John Rowland died in Warrington in 1870 and Charlotte remarried there in 1871 to Thomas Walton. See her on Warrington census that year. in 1881 she's in Openshaw, Manchester and with the Bottomleys in 1901 in Newton Heath as Charlotte Watton. She died in 1901 (Prestwich). They moved around a bit so tricky to find. (CS)

2/1. Hannah Rowland, b 1848 Bilston, D. 1909,

m John Bottomley, b 1843, Warrington St Elphin, 1870. Their children all emigrated to Australia and Canada apart from John William Thomas 1970.
An abbreviated descendancy follows, mainly from Christine Sweeting’s Genesreunited tree:
3/1. John William Thomas Bottomley, b abt 1870.

Married Amelia Hurstfield (JB).

I have been doing some research for my cousin, her father was Robert Bottomley, the grandson of John Bottomley 1843 and Hannah Rowland 1848, Hannah was the daughter of Charlotte Cope 1824 and John Rowland(s) married Wolverhampton in 1846. The 1861 census Willenhall shows Charlotte Rowland and two of her children visiting sister Catherine and husband Josiah. I have many photos of Hannah Rowland, her husband and children if you are interested they have been scanned. After Hannah's death husband John and 4 of his children emigrated to Sydney Australia another emigrated to Brandon Manitoba. My cousin's grandfather John 1870 was the only member of the family to stay in England. If you are interested I will give you access to my tree
Regards, Chris ((Sweeting) Woolass via Genesreunited)

Here are the photos as promised, Charlotte's wedding is Hannah Rowland's daughter's marriage to Harry Chappel in 1901, Amelia Botts wedding was Hannah’s daughter's marriage to Alfred Collinson in 1907 on this photo Hannah Rowland is sitting far right with a child on her knee, I think there is a striking resemblance to her Aunt Catherine. Amelias gang is my cousin Sheila's grandad John Bottomley 1870, his wife Amelia Hurstfield and his parents John Bottomley 1843 and Hannah Rowland. Sheila and Marj, are my cousin Sheila, great great granddaughter of Charlotte Cope and her mother Marjorie (nee Sweeting) my dad's sister, this is a current photo Marj is 93. (See Parkes photos).
Issue, inter alia:
4/1. Robert Bottomley (1912-1988),

m Marjory Sweeting b 1914.
Christine (Sweeting) Woolass is daughter of Marjory’s brother George Sweeting.
5/1. Patricia Bottomley, b 1941.
5/2. Sheila Bottomley, b 1944.

4/2. Rowland Bottomley, b. Goole 1902, d. 1981,

Drove steam trains.
Grandfather of Jane Bottomley[viii] (email 8/2008).
M. Phyllis Rushworth (CW tree).
Issue b Goole:
5/1. Brian Bottomley, b abt 1926.
5/2. Peter Bottomley, b abt 1928.

principal of Southport college of art until he died in 1982. Married Mary Ruth Foulger, b 1931
6/1. Mary Jane Bottomley – known as Jane.

B. Derbyshire, 1956.
Married Steven Yelding, div by 8/08.
an illustrator of children’s books.
7/1. Catherine Yelding, b 1983
7/2. Peter Yelding, b 1989.

6/2. Eve Ann Bottomley, b 1958

3/3. Charlotte Bottomley, b 1876 (CW),

M. Henry Chappel, 1901. Photo available.

3/4. Amelia Bottomley, (1880-1917),

m Alfred Collinson, 1907, photo available.
4/1. Stanley Collinson, abt 1910-1939.
4/2. Fred Collinson, abt 1913-1917.

2/2. William Rowland,. B Newland, Glos, 1851. (CS)
2/3. Thomas Rowland, b Newland 1852. (CS)
2/4. Sarah A. Rowland, b Bradford, 1854. (CS)
2/5. Catherine Rowland, b Bradford, 1857. (CS)
2/6. John Gandy Rowland, born Bradford abt 1859.

Married Mary Vickers (CS), b 1861

2/7. Charlet Rowland, born 1861.

1861 Census, Union St, Willenhall:
Josiah (38, Merchant, Gornal), Catherine (39, Bradeley), .... + Charlotte Rowland (visitor, mar, 34 Bradeley), John Rowland (2, Bradford/Manchester??), Charlet (2 mths).

2/8. Amelia Rowland, b 1863, Bradford,

M. 1891, James Vincent Herbert, he died 1896.

1/3. Sarah Cope 26/3/1826, Bradley, Carrier[41]

Also Sarah Cope bur Bilston, Bradley, 10/12/1826, aged 9 months[42].
perhaps Sarah Jane Walker present at mother's death. Census’s for Sarah J Walker indicate that she was not this one.

1/4. William Cope, ch 30/12/1827, Bradley, Carter[43].

Married Mary Green Q4 1849, West Bromwich (Isaac mother Green).
Died, Q3 1905, age 77 reg Bolton.
Mary probably died Oldham, Q4 1909, age 84.
1851 Census, Hallfields, Bilston, confirmed from father’s will index:
William Cope (Hd, 23, puddler, Bilston), Mary (wf, 23, Bilston), Isaac (7 mths, Bilston).
1862: Exec to father’s will as a puddler of Hall Fields.
1861 Census: no 7 Bross St, Wedgwood, New Chapel (Wolstanton, staffs).
William Cope (33, Puddler, Bilston). Mary (wf, 33, Bilston), Isaac (10, puddler, Bilston), Mary Ann (dau, 4, Scholar, Wolstanton), William (son, 1 mth, Wolstanton).
1871 Census: 11 Lord St Jarrow.
William Cope (43, Puddler, Bilston), Mary (43, Bilston), Mary Ann (14, scholar, Staffs New Chapel) William J (son, 5, scholar, B’ham), William Slerekett?? (unm, boarder, 24, puddler, B’ham), Francis Sadler (mar, 29, puddler, Sedgley), Mary Sadler (wf,, 32, Sedgley), Alfred Corns, (boarder, 34, Iron Foreman, Wombourne).
1881, William & Mary not readily identifiable.
1891 Census, Rose Hill, Bolton:
William Cope (63, general labourer, Bilston), Mary (63, Wash woman, Bilston).
1901 Census, Foundry St, Bolton:
William Cope (73, retired Iron worker, Bilston), Mary (73).
2/1. Isaac Cope, b Q3 1850, reg Wolverhampton, Green

1871 Census: 90, Mount St, Tudhoe, Durham.
Isaac Cope, boarder, 20, Puddler in Iron Works, Bilston. He was with a Wolverhampton/Bilston born family, the whole page appears to be from the Black Country.
1881 Census: Derby, Bolton, Lancs. – must be him.
Isaac Cope (30 Steel Bobler(?), Bilston), Sarah W (30, Worcs, The Ley?) S.E.J. Cope (dau, 5 Bolton), Mary A (dau, 3, Bolton).
1891: Isaac not found.

2/2. Mary Ann Cope, b Q4 1856, reg Wolstanton, Green.
2/3. William Cope, b Q2 1861, reg Wolstanton, Green, prob d Q2 1862
2/4. William Thomas Cope b Q3 1865, reg Aston, Green.

1/5. John Cope 26/6/1831, Bradley, Carrier[44], (not found 1871)

Prob Bur Bradley, Bilston, 5/2/1832, aged 7 mths[45]. Not in 1841 census.

1/6. Thomas Cope 16/12/1832, Carter, Bilston[46].

a furnace man in 1851, living at home.
No marriage found.
1871 Census: 14, Bilston St.
Thomas Cope (38, Man journeyman), Ruth (wf, 37) Sarah (10, scholar), William (9, scholar), Catherine (5, scholar), Mary H.(2), Thomas (3 mths). All b Bilston.

1/7. Hannah Cope 2/8/1835 of Hallfields, Labourer,[47].

Hannah Cope bur Bilston 7/3/1839, aged 3 yr 9mths: this must be her as she does not appear in 1841


8.  ******************** GENERATION 8 ********************



There were several possibilities from parish records[48], but this is the most likely, the age is as suggested by AS Parkes and Rowley Regis is next to Dudley:
Ch: 7/5/1741PRt, Rowley Regis,
Parents: William & Hannah (Thompson) Parkes (PR transcript OK).
Died: 1808 (ref AS Parkes, from will dates)
His will dated 3 September 1804, was of Dudley, Baker, and left a wife, Phebe, 3 children, Thomas, Josiah & Jane Jones. A trustee was Edward Parkes, Maltster. Various properties in Dudley are described. Probate was 25 July 1808.

2nd marriage has Thomas Parkes as witness: he might have been brother.
From the IGI, the only parental combination showing a son Thomas (5/3/1737-8, PR) is William & Hannah. However, a Thomas died 1750, aged 12, son of William.

There seem to be no relevant apprenticeship records involving his own apprenticeship, but he is recorded as.
Richard Parkes of Halesowen had Abraham Parkes as app, 1719, mason.

Copy details held in a separate file.

1781: A Richard Parkes was mayor of Dudley, as was William Parkes snr in 1732.
1786: Richard Parkes, baker, member of a company to build an Inn and markets

place and Shambles in Dudley of ground leased from Lord Dudley. (copy of articles held). Also a member was Edward Parkes, a butcher of Dudley.

1786[49]: Richard & Jane Parkes sold property in Dudley to William Timmins.

Eve Hill or Wilkinson's Close, on the turnpike road from Dudley to Sedgley.

1791 Dudley Directory, Parkes’s:

Richard: a Baker.
Daniel: fender maker
Edward: Butcher.


Deeds relating to land in Dudley bought by RP in 1773, and sold to William Timmins in 1786, with subsequent deeds of 1796 ratifying this; the later deeds include wife Jane Dunton, since dcd, and his children by her: Thomas, Jane & Josiah. Jane is specifically described as a daughter of Isaac Dunton.
He also sold a small parcel of land in Dudley in 1792

Deeds relating to Dock Lane, the Barracks and Mill Street, Dudley
Ref No: DHF/3/1/6/1-18 DUD
Date: 12 December 1792-23 February 1878 Description: DHF/3/1/6/1: Bargain and sale and enfeoffment (12 Dec. 1792) by Richard Parkes of Dudley, Worcestershire, baker and Phebe his wife, to Benjamin Vanes, victualler and John Davis the elder, yeoman, both of Dudley, of a parcel of 1r. 6p. of land at the Mill or Greystone Field Lane, parish of Dudley (awarded in exchange under the Dudley Inclosure), as tenants in common; consideration of 42; livery of seisin endorsed.

1796, a deed DE-1-3-9-393-2 D was witnessed by Richard Parkes jnr,

probably his son by 1st wife, Sarah.

1798: From, 28/3/2013:

Land Tax Redemption, 1798, Dudley.
Rcd Parkes owner,
Tenants: tax assessed.
late Bagnall 8d
Cooper 3/6
Duntons 1/6
Wilshres 1/-
Westwood 2/8

Sources of records.

Queen St, Dudley in the late 1770’s (Asuit Roll of the Inhabitants of the Manor of Dudley and Borough of Dudley).
Also in Queen St:
Ricd Parkes in another hand.
Jos Parkes also
Richd Parkes a in several places: shows presence half yearly.

PR/BT's checked.
10/10/94: Rowley Regis Printed copy of BT's to 12/1745 checked:
Richard Parkes buried 12/9/1741 – this was probably an older man – children seemed to have the parents quoted in this register.

This is our Richard Parkes, with Phebe as his 4th wife. 11/2012.

Richard Parkes married:
1. Sarah Jessop, at St Thomas, Dudley, 8/9/1767.

Witnesses: Wm Dudley, Ed Jessop (brother?), Mary Haddon. She died 30/9/1772.
Sarah Jessop (Jissop) ch 24/11/1750 @ Dudley.
Parents: Edmond & Hannah
Brother: Edward (19/7/1747) = Mary: son Edward (St T 7/11/94)
Edmond Jessop m. Hannah Fawkes 30/9/1744 St Thomas, Dudley.

Issue of Richard Parkes and Sarah Jessop:
1/1. Richard Parkes (ch 14/5/1769) Alive 1798.

Sedgley Manor Rolls[51]:
Richard PARKES of Dudley baker & Richard PARKES the younger of Birmingham cooper, eldest son of said Richard by Sarah his first wife deceased surrenders four tenements or dwelling houses with nailshops and gardens thereto belonging situate at Nether Gornal now in respective occupation of Samuel CLARKE, Thomas TAYLOR, Stephen ELWELL & Mary WHITEHOUSE surrendered to Thomas NEWTON.

1/2. Josiah Parkes (ch 20/5/1771 & ? Bur 16/9/1772)

2. Frances Windsor, at St Thomas, Dudley. 31/12/1772.
   Witness: Thomas Parkes
   Issue: none shown.    Death: not shown.

3. Jane Dunton at St Thomas, Dudley, 5/9/1774   (PR & IGI P17,390)
Witnesses: Phebe Slovens, Jonas Stokes +2, Jane Jones in Richard’s will.

4. Phebe, from the deeds below; maybe Phebe Slovens as in Jane’s wedding witness. ASP’s text says 4 wives. Not found in Pallots marriages, deeds confirm that Phebe was his last wife.
There was a marriage licence granted in 1781 to Richard Parkes, widower, of Sedgley to Phebe Bradley, over 21, of Dudley. However, this does not agree with his known residence in Dudley; the signature on his will does not look the same as that on the marriage licence.

2 & 3 are the same man: the entries carry the same signatures, he was described as a widower for both 2 & 3.

Richard & Jane's children are not on the St Thomas register: they were christened at the Old Meeting House N/C (Presbyterian) where Jane was christened.

This register is found in RG4 2736. The children were baptised by W Wood, but the entries were certified by the next minister who added them at the beginning of his register: these three are not necessarily the only ones.
There is no burial entry for Richard Parkes at St Thomas or at The Old Meeting House. The transcribed records start in 1743.

.....those of the Old Meeting are the oldest of the local Non-Parochial records. The original registers were deposited by the Rev. John Palmer, B.A., with the Registrar-General, and are now at Somerset House. They comprise two volumes. No. I. includes baptisms for the period 1743 to 1772, and is a thin square volume bound in vellum, and contains mainly entries by the Rev. James Hancox, who was minister from 1733 to 1769, he being the fourth after the beginning of the congregation. His predecessors were the Revs. John Southwell, William Willetts, and Joseph Stokes. Register No. II. is an octavo volume, bound in vellum, and contains entries of births and baptisms from 1775 to 1837, and burials from 1831 to 1835. This period covers the ministries of the Revs. Wm. Denny Wood, 1771 to 1804; James Hews Bransby, 1805 to 1828 ; Samuel Bache, 1829 to 1832 ; and John Palmer, BA.



IGI/PR shows:
Ch: 1/7/1752PR, Dudley, Old Meeting House Nc (Presbyterian)
Parents: Thomas & Jane (Whitehouse) Dunton.
Burial: 13/12/1779PR @ St Thomas, Dudley (PR: "wife of Richard Parkes").
Married: Richard Parkes @ St Thomas, Dudley 5/9/1774 (PR)

ASP states: Jane Dunton of Dudley, b 1752, m 1774.

Issue of Richard Parkes & Jane Dunton, baptised at the Old Meeting House, Dudley, Presbyterian:
1/1. Thomas Parkes, born 2/9/1775.
1/2. Jane Parkes, born 24/8/1776.

Called Jane Jones in Richard’s will of 1808

1/3. Josiah Parkes, born 8/4/1778.
1/4. Ann Parkes, dau of Richard & Jane Parkes buried St Thomas 16/6/1779,

no ch entry, but probably this family.

All ch @ The Old Meeting House Nc, Dudley (IGI). (printed copy of Presbyterian register checked 10/10/94 at Lichfield R/O). See Duntons.

Also Josiah Parkes bur RR 13/6/1777 – no more in PR



Brannon Cope Web site has Richard 2:

Ch:. 25/7/1763FMPi, Polesworth, of Warton
Son of Richard Cope & Ann Snead
His first child baptised in November 1782 implies a marriage by early 1782, making him about 18+, young for the era, but not unknown.
Richard Cope bur 2/6/1781 labourer of Warton, several other possibilities show in Polesworth records.

Married: Theodosia (no marriage on IGI)
         Is Dorothy Cope (with Joseph in 1841) Theodosia???

Polesworth History in the Parkes Appendix. The heyday of the Canal through Polesworth was contemporary with this generation of Copes.

Many of this family became boat men on the canals around the Midlands: the roving life leads to a few of the known children being unrecorded..
Boatmen & Bilston:
Joseph b 1784, Bilston
His son, Joseph b 1816, in Bilston
Richard b 1787, in Bilston – had dau Theodosia
Francis b 1797, boatman in Wolverhampton.

A Richard Cope bur Bilston 23/9/1817FMPi aged 54; this ties in with the Richard Cope born 1763. This and Dorothy being in Bilston with Son Joseph in 1841

All the children were baptised to Richard & Theodosia. However, no trace appears of Theodosia, either birth, marriage or death. The only explanation is that Dorothy & Theodosia were the same, maybe distorted by the clergyman’s interpretation of the accents. Dorothy Cope, age 79 was with their son Joseph in 1841, giving a date of birth of 1762, about right for the first son in 1782, but not for Docey Wheeler.
Locating the events for this family is complicated by many of them being on the canals and then the railways – record keeping was probably not high on their abilities as they moved round the country!

Mary Cope, 23/9/1776, Polesworth, dau of William Cope, Polesworth, Lab to Edward Orton, Abbey End St, Nuneaton, weaver.

Died Richard Cope of Warton, bur Warton, 22/10/1860, age 60, probable ch 4/4/1802 of Joseph & Ann.

Warton is a hamlet near Polesworth, NE Warwickshire. Tithe & Enclosure records have no mention of Copes. There are no Cope gravestones mentioned in the records of M.I.'s.

This is the only marriage found which could be him, but it seems unlikely, both geographically and that Dorothy Cope appears in 1841 with Joseph age 79; this is a surprisingly accurate age as adult ages in 1841 were usually rounded down to the n5 or n0 below.


Married Docey Wheeler, 15/4/1782FMPi Allesley, Warwick,
PR:- by Banns Both OTP, B&S Both signed, Wit Sara Wheeler & William Tompson (educated signature).

Allesley on western edge of Coventry - rather far away.
Dorothy Wheeler, ch 10/2/1758 Saint Phillips, Birmingham, of Robert & Mary Wheeler.
Robert Wheeler M. Mary Allen, 9/9/1745, St Phillips, B'ham.
Robert Wheeler, ch 14/7/1711 Long Compton, Warwick of John & Hannah Wheeler.

Issue of Richard & Theodosia Cope, ch Polesworth chkd on PR, early ones: R & T of Warton):
1/1. William Cope ch. 3/3/1799.                          AM07/19
1/2. Thomas Cope, ch. 29/11/1782, bur 8/12/1782, of Warton.
1/2. Mary Cope, ch. 19/10/1783, bur 25/10/1783.
1/3. Joseph Cope, ch. 7/11/1784, of Warton.

1816: labourer of Polesworth.
Joseph Cope m Ann Rouse, 1/6/1806ACi, Ilmington, Warwick, both OTP, banns.
Not very likely, abt 5 miles S of Stratford.
1841: Also in Bilston (not born in Staffs):
Joseph Cope (55, Boatman), Ann (60), Joseph jnr (20, Boatman), Maria (29), Dorothy (79). Joseph born bef 1786 not in Staffs, Boatman.
Not found 1851.
In PR John & Dorothy Cope breeding in Newton Regis abt 1807.
2/1. Sarah Cope, b 5/12/1813, ch 2/1/1814FMPi, Polesworth. J&A, lab Warton.
2/1. Maria Cope b. 6/5/1811 ch 19/5/1811FMPi, J&A, Polesworth.
2/2. Joseph Cope, ch 8/12/1816, Polesworth.

Married Wolverhampton, 27/12/1841FMPi: Joseph Cope, boatman, son of Jos Cope, boatman, Elizabeth Yardley, dau of J. Yardley, Boatman, B&S, both full age.
1851 census, not found.
1861 Census, 21 Bilston St, Bilston: Joseph Cope (44, Day Labourer @ boat warf, Polesworth), Elizabeth (wf, 41, W'ton), William (s, 18, day labourer, Bilston), Joseph (s, 14, Boatman, W'ton), Isaac & Abraham (s, 8, scholar, W'ton), Thomas (3, Bilston), Mary (13, W'ton), Anne (5, Bilston), Sarah (6mths, Bilston).

1881 Census, Bilston.
Joseph Cope (64, Iron Works Lab, Warks), Elizabeth (wf, 61, W'ton), Isaac (28, son, IWLab, W'ton), Thomas (23, son, IWLab, W'ton), George Williamson (G/son, 6, Scholar, W'ton).
3/1. William Cope, ch Bilston 24/4/1843, boatman of Hallfields.
3/2. Joseph Cope, ch W’ton 11/9/1846, boatman of Horsley Fields.
3/3. Mary Cope, ch W’ton 30/4/1848, of Horsley Fields, boatman.
3/4. Isaac Cope
3/5. Abraham Cope,
3/6. Ann Cope b Q2 1855, Reg Wolverhampton, Gardley
3/7. Thomas Cope, B Q4 1857, reg Wolverhampton, Yardley
3/8. Sarah Cope, b Q4 1860, reg Wolverhampton, Yardley.

2/4. Theodosia Cope, b 14/3/1820, ch 2/4/1820 labourer of Warton.

Bur 25/9/1821, age 1½ yrs.

1/4. Richard Cope, ch. 7/8/1787FMPi, of Warton

He & Ann moved to Bilston immediately after marriage, in time for their 1st child. The later children are all consistent with residence of Bradley and labourer and a later daughter Theodosia ties him to his mother.
Prob died Q2 1876, age 88, Reg Wolverhampton (although in Salisbury in 1871)
1841 Census, Salop Row, Bilston, all B Staffs:
Richard Cope (50, Labourer, Y), Ann (50), Mary (30) Theodosia (20, Straw Bonnet Maker), Abraham (15, Iron Mill), Isaac (10), Sarah (3, grand child)
1851 Census, Olbury Lane West Bromwich:
Richard Cope (63, Lab at iron works, Polesworth), Harriet (60, Polesworth), Isaac & Abraham (20+, unreadable, mill man at iron works).
Marred 1st, 31/7/1808FMPi Ann Jebbet M. Polesworth by Banns, wit Joseph Cope.
Ann signed, RC made his mark. Both OTP.
Bapt Ann Jebbet 10/11/1782 Grendon Warks of William/Mary Jebbet
Married 2nd, Aston Juxta, 24/11/1845FMPt, Harriet Blount, he widowed, son of Richard, she spinster, dau of Henry Blount, both of Duddeston (Btw Aston & B’ham).
The outline of this was given to me by another researcher – the details confirmed 11/2020 – a Railway family.
2/1. Ann Cope, ch Bilston, 17/4/1808.
2/2. Fanny Cope, ch Bilston, 26/7/1812
2/3. Sarah Cope Married Cousin Thomas K Jebbitt

Ch: Tipton, of Brierley, 11/6/1815 of Richard & Ann, Labourer.
This ties in (roughly) with census birthplaces of Staffs & Sedgley.
She died Q2 1888 age 73, Alderbury, Wilts, Bur 23/4/1888FMPt, Salisbury St Thomas of Fisherton.
M. 28/10/1839 Thomas Kirkby Jebbitt, Aston Juxta Birmingham
LDS has transcription: Thomas of Derby, father William, Sarah, of Birmingham, father Richard Cope, B&S
Thomas Kirkby Jebbitt ch Grendon 11/6/1818FMPi, of William & Mary, labourer of Waste Hill.
Thomas buried Salisbury, died 21/4/1857, age 40.
1851 Census, Salt Lane Salisbury:
Thomas Jebbitt (Hd, 33, Engine Driver, Leicestershire), Sarah (35, Staffs), Anne (11, Derby), Emma (9, Surrey), Mary (7, Surrey), William (6, Surrey), Thomas (3, Hamps), George (2, Wilts), Richard (1, Wilts)
1871 Census, Church Fields, Fisherton Anger, Salisbury:
Sarah Jebbitt (55, Grocer & Beer-house keeper, Sedgley), Thomas (23, Railway Fireman, Southampton), Richard (21, Railway Fireman, Salisbury), Kate (18, Salisbury), Jane (14, Scholar, Salisbury), Richard Cope (83, annuitant, Warwickshire, Wharton).
1881 Census, Church Fields, Beer-house, Fisherton:
Sarah Jebbitt (65, Beer house keeper, Bilston), Jane E Wareham (Dau 24, Salisbury), Charles Wareham, (S-in-L, 23, Railway Engine Stoker, Southampton)
Issue of Thomas & Sarah Jebbitt:
3/1. Anne Jebbitt B 1840 Q1 Derby
3/2. Emma Jebbitt B 1841 4Q Lambeth,

Housekeeper Died 1907 Bur. Salisbury Wilts

3/3. Mary Jebbitt B 1844 1Q Lambeth Died 2Q 1855?

3/4. William Jebbitt B 1845 3Q Lambeth,

1871 Census, Lambeth, boarder in Vauxhall, engine fitter.
1881 Census, Engine Fitter Brackley St. Peters Northants.

3/5. Thomas Jebbitt B 6/9/1847 Grove St. Southampton Hants.

Parents Thomas/Sarah Jebbitt Engine Driver LSWR
Died Q1 1879, Alderbury, Wilts age 31.

3/6. George Jebbitt B. 14/10/1848 Culver St. Salisbury

Parents Thomas K /Sarah Jebbitt Railway Porter LSWR
Married Q2 1876, Jane Elizabeth Wessell, reg Lambeth
1881 Census, Waterloo Rd, Lambeth:
George Jebbitt (32, Railway Porter, Salisbury), Jane (30, Lambeth), William (4, Lambeth), Richard (2, Lambeth), Daisy (2 mths, Lambeth)

3/7. Richard Jebbitt B. 1850 2Q Salisbury, Cope

1881 Census, Battersea: Boarder, Railway Engineer.

3/8. John Jebbitt B Q4. 1851, Salisbury, Cope.

1881 Census, St Clement Danes:
John Jebbitt (29, Booksellers Assistant, Salisbury) Jane (34, Bagshot, Surrey)

3/9. Kate Eleanor Jebbitt, b Q1 1853, Salisbury, Cope.
3/10. Jane Eliza Jebbitt, b Q3 1856, Salisbury, Cope.

2/4. Richard Cope, ch Bilston, 4/1/1818FMPi, of Bread Lane Sedgley,

Labourer. Bur 6/6/1819, Bilston of Bradley, 18 months old.

2/5. Theodosia Cope, ch Bilston, 2/4/1820 Labourer of Bradley alive 1841.
2/6. Thomas Cope, ch Bilston, 31/3/1822, Labourer of Bradley.
2/7. Rebecca Cope, ch Bilston, 9/9/1824, Bilston non-con, Oxford St

1841: age 17 Oxford St, on her own.

2/8. Abraham Cope b abt 1826 (C1841)
2/8. Isaiah Cope, ch Bilston, 23/8/1829, Labourer of Bradley.

1/5. Thomas Cope, ch. 26/9/1790PR.

Following from Brannon Cope website, 2/2007 (still the same in 11/2020) had a descent from Thomas to himself. Thomas in the 1851 census has his place of birth as Sheepy, to the East of Polesworth, and age 59, which is a year or so young, although his age at death is correct. The son Thomas does appear in 1851 & 61, along with Ann Cope a widow. This Thomas is, however the only one which arrears in the records any where near the right age.

1831-1841: Carpenter, at Coppice Lane, Hartshill
1841 Census: Hartshill, Thomas Cope (Head) age 45 Carpenter
1841-1857: Carpenter, Joiner & Victualler, at 'Royal Oak', Coppice Lane, Hartshill, Warks.
1851 Census: Hartshill,
Thomas Cope (Head. 59 Carpenter, Joiner & Victualler born Sheepy (Magna) Lei), Ann (58, Atherstone), Maria Peake (dau, 22, mar dressmaker, Hartshill), Thomas (son, 19, Ag Lab, Hartshill), Mary (dau, 15), Ann Peake (g/dau, 1).
Died: 16/8/1857 Hartshill, bur. 18/8/1857 Holy Trinity, Hartshill, age 67. will: dated 14/8/1857, probate 09/10/1857 in Lichfield
There is a record of Thomas Cope bapt. Mancetter 17/4/1808 or 2/7/1807 of Thomas Cope & Alice Hatton. This is not likely to be the Thomas Cope who married Ann Harding as they were bachelor & spinster:
married, 29/10/1818 Mancetter., Ann Harding, b. Atherstone, bapt. 25/1/1793 Mancetter, dau of Thomas Harding & Ann
Publican at 'Royal Oak', Coppice Lane, Hartshill,(1857-aft.1862)
2/2. Elizabeth Cope, married William Newton (TC will)
2/3. Thomas Cope (b.Jan-1822:d.Apr-1822)
2/4. Ann Cope (b.c.1823), married Daniel Thomas TC Will
2/5. Catherine Cope (bapt.03-Jul-1825), married Joseph Earps (TC will)
2/6. Maria Cope (b.c.1828) m.bef.1851 to William PEAKE
2/7. Thomas Cope born Hartshill bapt.19/6/1831 Mancetter

died: 15/8/1896 in Hartshill, Warks,
bur. 18/8/1896 in P. Cemetery, Hartshill, Warks,
will: 31-Oct-1896 in Birmingham.
1841 Census: Hartshill Thomas Cope age 10 born Warks
1851 Census: Hartshill Thomas Cope Son age 19 Age. Lab. born Hartshill
1858: Carpenter at Gosford St., Coventry, Warks
1861 Census: Coppice Lane, Hartshill, Head age 29 Farmer born Hartshill. Emma Cope Wife age 27 born Church Lawford
Ann Cope widow on line above.
c.1862: Carpenter & Collier, at Hartshill, Warks
c.1862: Victualler, at 'Royal Oak', Coppice Lane, Hartshill, Mancetter.
1881-96: Coppice Lane, Hartshill, Warks,(c.1881-1896)
1871 Census: Hartshill-Thomas Cope Head age 39 Labourer born Hartshill Warks, Emma Cope Wife age 35 Lab's Wife
1881 Census: Mancetter Thomas Cope Head age 49 General Labourer born Hartshill Warks, Emma Cope Wife age 45 born Hartshill
1891 Census: Hartshill Thomas Cope Head age 59 General labourer born Hartshill Warks, Emma Cope Wife age 56 born Church Lawford

Married: 14/10/1858MC in P.C. of St' Michael, Coventry.
Emma Banbury
Parents: John Banbury & Susannah Tew
bapt.01-Mar-1835 in Church Lawford, Warks.
will: 22-Oct-1898 in Birmingham,
1841 Census: Church Lawford Emma Banbury age 6 born Warks
1851 Census: Coventry St Michael-Emma Banbury Serv age 17 Housemaid born Church Lawford
Issue of Thomas & Emma:
3/1. Ann Cope (bapt.22-May-1859)
3/2. Mary Cope (b.18-Aug-1860)
3/3. Emily Cope (bapt.21-Jun-1863)
3/4. Tom Cope b.09/9/1871 in Hartshill. twin to Harriet

d.01-Dec-1951 in Melton Mowbray Infirmary, LEI.
bur.20-Dec-1951 in Ashby Rd. Cemetery, Hinckley, Leicester.
1881 Census: Mancetter Thomas Cope Son age 9 Scholar born Hartshill Warks
1891 Census: Hatton Thomas Cope Prisoner age 19 Colliery Storekeeper.
Labourer, at Hartshill, Warks,
Publican, at Hinckley, LEI,
County Court Bailiff, at Hinckley, LEI,
Coppice Lane, Hartshill, Warks,
Witherly Mill Witherly LEI,(c.1910-1914)
Hardy Villas Coventry Rd., Hinckley, LEI,(1914-1951)
Married: 19/4/1897 Hartshill PC
Elizabeth Ann Stringer
Parents: John Stringer & Anne Perkins
b.06/12/1877 in Whittington, Warks,
1881 Census: Mancetter Elizabeth Stringer Dau age 3 born Whittington Warks
Issue of Tom & Elizabeth Cope:
4/1. John Thomas Cope (b.20/12/1897,  d.12/8/1917)
4/2. Kate Maria Cope (b.04/12/1899, d.23/2/1987)
   mar.18/6/1923 in Holy Trinity P.C. Hinckley, William Henry BEEBY
4/3. William Brannon Cope b.25-Sep-1902 in Hartshill.

bapt.09-Nov-1902 in P.C. Hartshill, Warks,
Died.01-Aug-1954 City General, Hospital, Leicester.
bur.1954 Cong's Chapel, Burial Ground, Earl Shilton.
25/9/1902-c.1910: Coppice Lane, Hartshill, Warks.
1914-1930: Coventry Rd. Hinckley, LEI,
c.1910-1914: Witherly Mill Witherly LEI
1930-c.1934: Station Rd. Earl Shilton, LEI.
c.1934-1954: 'Brynmore' Equity Gardens, Earl Shilton, LEI.
Hosiery Cutter at Hinckley, LEI,(c.1917-1935)
Engineer at Earl Shilton, LEI,(1935-1949)
Fire Wood Merchant at Earl Shilton,1949-1954
educated at: Hartshill, Warks
m.17-May-1930 in Independent Chapel, Earl Shilton.
Ethel Louisa WRIGHT
Issue of William & Ethel Cope:
5/1. Brannon Cope b.19/10/1935 m.27/7/1957 Dumbleton Ave. Congs. Leicester, Margaret Rita Needham
5/2. Jill Cope (b.16-Jan-1941) m.09-Aug-1963 in Registry Office, Hinckley, to George ELLIOTT.

4/4. Nora Emma Cope (b.27/3/1911, d.02/2/1997) m.1933,

Holy Trinity, Hinckley, to John Thomas Adcock (Jack)

4/5. Henry Norwood Cope (b.14/10/1916, d.14/10/1916).

3/5. Harriet Cope (b.09-Sep-1871)
   m.04-Aug-1890 in PC. Hartshill, to Harry May
3/6. Joseph Cope (b.31-Dec-1873: d.1874).

2/8. Harriett Cope, married Thomas Freeman the younger (TC Will)
2/9. Mary Cope (bapt.15-May-1836). Unm 1857

1/6. Francis Cope, ch. 19/2/1797.

1861 Census, 25 ton iron carrier (boat), W'ton:
Francis Cope (63, Capt, Warton), Elizabeth (wife, 31, Tong)
IGI: Francis Cope m Catherina Powell, 23/10/1817, Vowchurch, Herefordshire. Not very likely.
Ch of Francis & Catherine Cope (IGI):
2/1. Elizabeth Cope b 1/7/1818FMPi,ch 19/7/1818 Polesworth, Lab of Warton.

Bur: Cope Eliza  Warton 7th April 1838 aged 20

2/2. Harriot Cope C: 29/9/1820 Bilston,
2/3. Richard Cope C: 6/4/1823 Polesworth,
2/4. Charlotte Cope C: 1/1/1826 Bilston,

PR: Charlotte Cope ch 1/1/1826, parents Francis & Catherine, boatman of Bradeley.

2/5. James Cope C: 1/91828 Oxford St. Independent, Bilston,
2/6. William Cope C: 1/9/1833 Bilston,

1/8. John Cope, ch. 4/4/1802.
1/9. Amey Cope, ch. 26/9/1803.




No firm evidence has been found about John Gandy (5/1999), but the following Gandy's appear: He died before 1841.

A John Gandy buried Bilston 3/11/1831FMPi aged 77[52]. No will found.
This would point to him being the following:

Ch: 6/9/1755 St Clements, Worcester
Parents: William & Sarah Gandey.
Sibling: Thomas Gandy C: 3 Dec 1758

Other Possibilities:
John Gandy C: 3 Nov 1760
Father: John & Anne Gandy @ Wichenford, Worcester, England

William Gandy options:
C: 14 Feb 1727 of William & Elizabeth, @ Studley, Warwick,
C: 12 Mar 1729 of Richard & Elizabeth, @ Studley, Warwick,
C: 21 Apr 1741 of Thomas & Alice @ Tanworth, Warwick,

Land Tax Redemption, 1799 Record, 3/2013, Darlaston:
Benj Tivens, prop, John Gandy, occupier, 0/0/6d

John Gandey, bachelor, married Hannah Marston, spinster, both OTP W’ton St Peter, by banns, 23/2/1778FMPi.




Hannah Marson ch 12/5/1759 Bilston St Leonard, of William & Mary.
William Marson married Mary Storrey, at St Peter’s Wolverhampton, both OTP  24/8/1746FMPi.
William Marston ch St Pete of Samuel 30/8/1724FMPt
Mary Storey, ch Darlaston, of Ambrose & Eleanor, 23/12/1723FMPt
William Marston, widower, married Hannah Cotton, spinster, by banns, St Pete 23/10/1786FMPi

Edward 23/3/1754, Bilston.
Eleanor, 2/7/1747, bur 10/10/1750
Samuel of W&M ch 18/2/1748, bur 6/10/1750
Mary, 24/7/1756, a Mary of W&M bur Wednesbury 11/8/1765FMPi
William, 7/9/1751, bur 3/10/1754

Born: abt 1758, Bilston (ref 1851 Census)
Married: John Gandy
1841 Census: Hallfields with daughter Catherine.
1851 Census: @ Hallfields Bilston with daughter Sarah & son in law.  (Age 93, born Bilston)
DiedA: 6/7/1852 at Old Meeting House St, Bilston aged 94, widow of John Gandy, Stocktaker in Ironworks, due to "decay of nature" Catherine Sansone present at death. (death cert).

Jan 2009[ix]: A Hannah Gandy aged 93 in the 1851 Census is recorded with William & Sarah (Gandy) Cope in Hallfields - this was found on the original films before the days of internet census access. There is also a Hannah Gandy aged 92 with Henry and Catherine Sansone in Old Meeting House, Bilston, and so I had not realised that another Hannah Gandy appears elsewhere in Bilston. I think that in fact they are probably the same person, entered twice. There is no doubt that my Sarah Gandy and Charles Gandy and others were both the product of John and Hannah Gandy from the parish records, which I think I checked a long time ago. The existence of Catherine (Gandy) Sanson was deduced from later census searches and her appearance at Sarah Gandy & William Cope's marriage and at Hannah's death; I think it therefore highly likely that Catherine was a sister of our two, and an unrecorded (on the parish records) daughter of John & Hannah. The  coincidence of  2 Hannah Gandy's (an uncommon name at the best of times) being alive at the relatively great age of 92-3  in Bilston in 1851 makes me think that they are both the same - she probably shuttled between the daughters in her last years.

Issue of John & Hannah Gandy, some from P Galloway, 2009, and confirmed from PR:
1/1. Charles Gandy Christened 21/6/1778 in St Leonard’s Bilston[53]

1822: A gun lock smith in Bilston (Edward ch. PR).
Moved to Wednesbury 1805? (All below via LDS)
(Wesleyan chapel opened 1810)
Moved back to Bilston between 1812 and 1814?
lost 2 years how many more kids?
M. Elizabeth Candlett, 15/6/1803 at St Peters, B&S, Wits: Mary Candlett/Joseph Wainwright.[54]
Wit. Mary Candlett & Joseph Wainwright.
2/1. William Gandy,
   Buried St Leonard Bilston 12 Feb 1804[55](P Galloway)
2/2. Sarah Gandy Ch 9th July 1805 St Bartholomew, Wednesbury
2/3. John Gandy 28th June 1807

Married Mary Day St Peters 20th Aug 1826 (P. Galloway)
Witnesses John Kingston / John Biddulph

3/1. William Gandy 1838-1883,

M. Mary Parkes 1836-1901
4/1. John Gandy 1861-1925

M. Jane Smith
5/1. Albert Gandy 1892-1975

M. Mary Blythe 1894-1967
6/1. Frederick Gandy 1923-1978

M. Sylvia Maddocks 1923-2002
7/1. David Gandy b. 1948

M. Christine Brooke b. 1949
8/1. Neil Gandy[x] b.1974

M. Carolyn Whitehouse, b 1969

8/2. Nicola Gandy, b 1983

7/2. Philip Gandy, b 1960

2/4. Charles Gandy ch 24th Sept 1809

Married Phoebe Jones 27/12/1830FMPi St Peters, W’ton, both OTP (P. Galloway) Witnesses Edward Bayley/John Biddulph
3/1. Edward Gandy, 6/11/1831, St Leonard, Bilston
3/2. Thomas 23rd Oct 1834 St Leonard Bilston

Thomas Gandy, 11 mths bur Swan Bank Methodist Chapel, Wolverhampton, abode Bilston, 21/9/1835. Ref Peter Galloway site. From Wolverhampton Archives. (13/5/2003).

3/3. Mary or Phoebe Gandy c1840.

M. Thomas Ralph abt 1834, Bilston[xi]

3/4. Sarah Gandy, 10/4/1842 St Leonard Bilston.

2/5. Hannah Gandy 23rd Dec 1811 Wesleyan Wednesbury
2/6. Mary ch 18/1/1815 St Leo Bilston

bur 28th March 1815 aged 3 mths.[56]

The following cannot be the correct one:
Married William Spate St Peters 28th Aug 1836 (P. Galloway)
Witnesses Elizabeth Spate /John Biddulph

2/7. Catherine Gandy.

Ch: 18/8/1816FMPi St Leo, Bilston; of Old Mill, Labourer.
Catherine G. buried Bilston, 15/1/1819FMPi Age 2y6m.

2/8. Thomas Gandy ch 18/8/1816FMPi St Leonard Bilston
2/9. Maria ch 15/8/1819  St Leo, D. 25/3/1888 Willenhall
2/10. Edward ch. 22/4/1822 St Leonard Bilston, (PR - AM)

Edward Gandy ch 28/4/1822, parents Charles & Elizabeth, a Gun Lock Smith of Bilston Mills.

2/11. Elizabeth Gandy, b 23/12/1824 ch 23/1/1825FMPi, Bilston

From Deborah at Genesreuinited[xii]:
M. 15/1/1843, Samuel Jones, b abt 1819, Bilston, a miner, son of William Jones, dau of Charles, a miner of Bilston.
3/1. Clement Jones abt 1845
3/2. Samuel Jones abt 1849 M. Louisa James b abt 1847

4/1. Joseph Jones abt 1876
4/2. Francis Jones abt 1878
4/3. John Jones abt 1880
4/4. Samuel Jones abt 1882
4/5. Joseph Jones abt 1883

5/1. Bernard Jones, M. Q3 1947, Sylvia Baugh (1928-2003)

6/1. Matthew Jones, M Deborah Pittam,

joining Josiah Parkes as a commercial apprentice in 1978. Debbie dau of Christopher (1921-2008) & Gwendolyn (Edwards – 1925-2007) Pittam.

6/2. Gareth Jones

M(1). Julia Hadley from Sneyd Lane, Essington, divorced and:
M(2): Kay Gordon from Inverness
Issue of Julia & Gareth:
7/1. Felicity Jones, b 17/10/1983

Actress playing Emma Grundy in The Archers. She was recently Margot in the BBC series of The Diary of Anne Frank and, on the big screen, Cordelia Flyte in Brideshead Revisited. This year, she also starred in the Daniel Craig movie, Flashbacks of a Fool. 2/2009: filming The Tempest in Hawaii; she plays the part of Miranda.

3/3. Joseph Jones abt 1851
3/4. Elizabeth Jones abt 1854
3/5. Clara Jones abt 1856
3/6. Charles Jones abt 1862
3/7. William Jones abt 1868

1/2. Edward Gandy, ch 26/3/1786, bur 23/8/1793FMPi, Darlaston.
1/3. Mary Gandy, ch 3/3/1788FMPi,

married Enoch Hill, St Peter's 29/8/1808FMPi (P Galloway)
Witnesses Margaret Harper & Joseph Wainwright, Both OTP, B&S
1851 Census, Oxford Rd, Bilston:
Enoch Hill (66, Engine fitter, Wednesbury), Mary (64, Bilston), Enoch (22, Engine Turner & Fitter, Bilston).
2/1. Sarah Hill, 29/5/1814FMPi, Wednesbury, gun lock filer
2/2. Catherine Hill of E&M, a founder, ch Bilston, 17/3/1816FMPi.
2/3. Elizabeth Hill, ch Bilston, an engineer, 20/1/1820
2/4. Mary Hill ch Wednesbury, 9/6/1822FMPi, an engineer
2/5. Caroline Hill, ch Wednesbury, 2/1/1825FMPi, an engineer.
2/6. Enoch Hill b abt 1829.

1/4. Sarah Gandy ch. 20/1/1795 St Lawrence, Darlaston (PR-AM).
1/5. John Gandy ch Darlaston 2/1/1793, (PR-AM)

Died 29/12/1793FMPi, son of John & Hannah, Pauper. (re Charles Ralph)
A John Gandey married Mary Day St Peter's Collegiate, W'ton, 20/8/1826FMPi,
Maybe ch Wednesbury, 1807.
John & Mary have son ch 10/10/1830, Bilston.

1/6. Catherine Gandy, b abt 1791:

Katherine Gandy, ch Darlaston 21/11/1790FMPi of John & Hannah.
Witnesses at William & Sarah's marriage Henry Sanson and Catherine Gandy; informant of Hannah's death was Catherine Sansone: were both Catherines the same person and Hannah's daughter?
Catharine Gandy Married Henry Sansom  

Catherine married Henry Sanson, St Peter's Wolverhampton 3/10/1824  S&B
Wit: George Bond/Richard Devey[57]
(email from Charles Ralph[xiii])

1841 Census, 36 Old Meeting St, Bilston:
Henry Sanson (40, Carpenter, Y), Catherine (50, Y), Catherine (14, Y), Sarah (12, Y), Hannah Gandy (80, lodger, Y).
1851 Census, Old Meeting St, Bilston (all b Bilston):
Henry Sanson (59, master Carpenter), Catherine (60, Domestic at home), Catherine (32, dau, occupation unreadable), Hannah Gandy (m-in-law, formerly at Paper manufacturey).


  Early links may come from the fact that the canal system was being built in the area and opened abt 1772.
  The Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal linked the river Severn with the Trent and Mersey Canal and opened in 1772.

9.  ********************** GENERATION 9 **********************

WILLIAM PARKES (possibility)


This is the most probable of several ancestor lines for Richard Parkes, but there is no real evidence that it is correct!

PR Shows:
ChB: Tipton 9/7/1710, Transcript book shows 9 June.
Parents: Richard & Elizabeth (Davis) Parkes.

IGI & PR Transcript:
Married: Hannah Tompson Rowley Regis 22/1/1732-3 (RR PR t/script)
Hannah Tumptson ch Rowley Regis 12/8/1710 of John & Judeth. (PR t/script).
No marriage of John & Judeth.

Issue: (ch Rowley Regis)
1/1. Thomas Parkes (5/3/1738) (PR TS), (d.14/8/1750 – PR T/S s of WP aged 12)
1/2. Richard Parkes (7/5/1741) (PR TS),
1/3. John Parkes (b 29/6/1744, ch 5/8/1744),
1/4. William Parkes (16/11/1746).

Also at Rowley Regis (IGI):
Issue of William & Elizabeth: Elizabeth ch 13/4/1732
Issue of William & Sarah Parkes (WP M Sarah Mackley Tipton 5/11/1747)
John Parkes ch 3/9/1749
Isaac Parkes ch 26/7/1752



The father of Jane Dunton.

IGI/PR shows:

BornB: 9/11/1717, Dudley, St Thomas (P6,871, 1992).
Parents: Isaac & Ann (Ffollow/Fellows) Dunton.

PR shows his birth as an addition to the Record: they were probably NC by this time, but had to enter birth in Established Church records. There were 4 similar entries to John & Sarah Dunton at the same period.

A Thomas Dunton appears in Queen St, Dudley in the late 1770’s (Asuit Roll of the Inhabitants of the Manor of Dudley and Borough of Dudley). Widow in another hand.

Will: of Dudley, Probate 5/1/1780 of Dudley, Dated 13/8/1779. Cordwainer, weak, property at Cables End Dudley to wife Jane for life then to son John, also £100 to John when 21, Rest & R to Jane for life,  then to John D & Jane Parkes, wife of Richard. Execs Richard Parkes, John Dunton & Jane. 

Also in Queen St:
Ricd Parkes an another hand.
Jos Parkes also
Richf Parkes a in several places: shows presence half yearly.
Widow Dunton

Old Meeting House (Dudley) congregation are legally known as 'Protestant Dissenters' and can be traced back to 1662. The first Chapel was erected in 1702, destroyed in 1715 and rebuilt in 1717.
The transition from Old Presbyterianism to Unitarianism was appropriately brought about by reason of the trust deed being one of the open kind 'for worship of God' and the progressive change of thought.

Thomas Dunton was a cordwainer[58], as was his father, Isaac.

George Dunton a cordwainer in Dudley 1791/2 (Directory)
George Dunton shown born (abt 1728) bur Dudley 26/2/1813, leaving a will.

Dunton’s Hill on 1750 map of Dudley, on the northern boundary,


PDF on file.

Married: Jane Whitehouse 26/12/1741, Dudley (P6,871)



IGI shows:

Ch: 14/5/1719PR, Tipton, Staffs.
Parents: Samuel & Ann (Abell) Whitehouse.
Married: Thomas Dunton 26/12/1741, St Thomas, Dudley.
Died after 1780, not found.
Also of Daniel & Mary, Tipton 8/6/1718

A Jane W married William Meare, Tipton, 25/7/1736.

A William & Phebe Dunton had son Isaac 25/3/1782 @ Gornall.

Issue of Thomas Dunton & Jane Whitehouse:
all @ The Old Meeting House, Presbyterian.
1/1. Ann Dunton - buried as dau of Thos Dunton, 1743.
1/2. Isaac Dunton. B 8/2, ch 19/2/1744, of Dudley, Bur 1752
1/3. Mary Dunton. Ch 22/5/1747, Bur 1747 (dau of Thos.)
1/4. Thomas Dunton. Ch 16/11/1749, of Dudley, Bur 1749.
1/5. William Dunton. Ch 12/5/1751, of Dudley, Bur 1751
1/6. Jane Dunton. Ch 1/7/1752, of Dudley.
1/7. Thomas Dunton. Ch: 4/11/1754, of Dudley, Bur: 1755.
1/8. John Dunton. Ch 3/6/1760.
1/9. Joseph Dunton, ch 4/12/1763 of Thomas & Jane, Bilston

Married Hannah Aston, 1/10/1787, Wolverhampton, OTP, B&S.
Joseph Dunton Bur Bilston 15/8/1832 aged 68.
2/1. Joseph 31/5/1789 Bilston of J&H
2/2. Jane Dunton 25/12/1797FMPi bur Bilston, 23/11/1799

George Dunton, cordwainer in Dudley, 1792 directory.




Ch: 24/1/1735FMPi, Polesworth, of Warton
Parents: Thomas & Mary (Hudson) Cope
Died: there are several, most probable being
2/6/1781, a labourer of Warton or 6/10/1799.

Married 17/10/1762FMPi Polesworth, Ann Snead of Kingsbury, banns read in both Polesworth & Kingsbury, she is there as Ann O. Snead, “her mark”. Nothing about her found.
Ann Cope of Warton, bur Polesworth 15/7/1816FMPi, age 86 – very probably her.

6/1. Richard Cope 25/7/1763 m. Theodosia

6/2. Jane Cope ch. 09/2/1765 bur.18/2/1765FMPi.
6/3. Joseph Cope Ch. 27/2/1768FMPi, of Warton, prob bur 27/6/1839,

age 70, of Warton. Probably married Polesworth, 21/7/1799, Elizabeth Cooper, by banns, he of Coleshill, she OTP.
2/1. Joseph Cope, b 14/6/1805, ch 14/7/1805 Polesworth, of J&E

6/4. Mary Cope Ch. 02/6/1767, bur 25/10/1783FMPi, dau of Richard of Warton.
6/5. Thomas Cope bur. 08/12/1782FMPi, son of Richard of Warton.

See later section for the earlier generations of this family.


10.        ********************** GENERATION 10 *********************

RICHARD PARKES (possibility!)


Richard Parkes alternatives:
ch Tipton 7/10/1670 of John & Sarah (PR TS)
Ch Sedgley 28/8/1670 of William Parkes of Coseley (PR TS)
Ch Rowley Regis 24/12/1665 of Richard & Rose Parkes (PR TS)
Richard Parkes m Rose Haden, RR 28/2/1651 (PR TS)
Rose Parkes bur 17/2/1699 RR
IGI has nothing more on Rose Haden.
Richard Parkes Bur 17/1/1713 RR

Soc of Friends, Dudley:
Richard P s of Rich & sarah bur 4/11/1705 P10
Samuel P of R&S 16/6/1709

William Parkes:
M Ann Hill 15/10/1665 RR PR TS
M Sarah Ealis 28/12/1668 RR PR TS

Ch Mary Parkes, dau of John & Sarah, b 15/10/1676, ch 13/11/1676, Tipton.

Elizabeth dau of Richard Parkes of Cackmore ch abt 1653 (damaged page in PR).

Richard Parkes M. Elizabeth Davis, of Himley p, RR, 21/9/1695 (PR TS)

Elizabeth Davis

Ch: Himley 8/4/1672 of James & Mary Davis
Also at Himley:
James 1/6/1680
John 22/2/1673
No further IGI info on James Davis.

Issue of William & Elizabeth Parkes: (IGI private film – not PR – it appears that Tipton may not be in the IGI)
1/1. William Parkes, ChB: Tipton 9/7/1710, Transcript book shows 9 June.



These records are not well represented on the online images, the PR data here was from visits to the appropriate offices.
Ch: 9/10/1664PR St Thomas, Dudley (spelt Isak).
Parents: Thomas & Judeth
Died: Isaac Dunton, bur St Thomas, Dudley, 6/10/1728PR.

Must be the correct one – Isaac & son Thomas both in same trade.


1st: "Isaak" to Elizabeth Roedes 27/10/1691 @ St Thomas, Dudley
PR for Isaac ch 3/7/1702 describes Isaac as a Shoomaker. A record of Isaac's, (son of Isaac, shoomaker) death 14/6/1702 may be 1703
Death: Elizabeth, wife of Isaac Dunton, Shoomaker, 13/4/1703.

Issue (IGI & PR)
1/1. Elizabeth Dunton (2/10/1692 +PR - Betty bur. 1694),
1/2. John Dunton (16/7/1695 +PR),
1/3. Hannah Dunton (6/9/1696 +PR),
1/4. Elizabeth Dunton (1697)
1/5. Isaac Dunton ch 3/7/1702ACt +PR died 14/6/1702 or 3, Isaac, shoomaker.

2nd: Isaac to Ann Ffollow of Sedgley at St Thomas, Dudley, 22 Sept 1704, a Shoomaker.




(@ 17/7/94, many alternative Ann's to be checked)
Death: Ann Dunton, bur St Thomas Dudley 1725 (PR).

Issue (IGI):
1/6. Isaac Dunton, Ch: 6/1705, Bur 12/5/1709, son of Isaac Dunton
   @ St Thomas Dudley
1/7. Thomas Dunton (b. 9/11/1717, added to the PR)

Deaths:  Isaac (12/5/1709PR) & Jasnos (31/1/1710PR), both sons of Isaac Dunton @ St Thomas, Dudley, probable sons of Isaac & Ann.

Ann Fellow ch at Sedgley (1670-90):

23/3/1671 of John & Susannah Golding
4/12/1673 of John & Ann
26/10/1673 of John
20/9/1674 of Richard & Sarah Wilkes, Ettingshall
23/4/1677 of John & Elizabeth, Nether Gornal
20/3/1683, of Clement & Sarah Fullwood
28/12/1684, of Edward & Ellinor
19/12/1686, of John & Mary.

     The Old Meeting House, Wolverhampton St, Dudley, was Presbyterian and then became Unitarian. The first chapel, built in 1702, was destroyed by riots in 1715. A new one was built in 1717. A printed copy of the records show from 1743 to 1837.
     The destruction of the chapel in 1715 is the probable reason for the absence of any recorded children of Isaac and Ann Dunton except for the 2 added to the St Thomas's register, Isaac in 1705 and Thomas in 1717.
     There were probably more children which were not in the PR. It seems likely, in spite of the gap between Ann & Isaac's marriage and Thomas's birth, that he was their son, particularly as there are deaths recorded for his sons: at this time, many Non-Conformists used Established Churches for burial, hence the burial entries at St Thomas's.
     In the Midlands in late June (1715) and early August, similar riots against Dissenters took place, starting in Wolverhampton during St. Peter's fair and ending at Kingswinford in Worcestershire on 1 August.[13] In Wolverhampton a buckle maker was heard shouting “God damn King George, and the Duke of Marlborough” and a suspected spy was forced by the mob to get on his knees and bless King James III. Robert Holland of Bilston urged the mob: “Now boys goe on we will have no King but James the third & he will be here in a month and wee will drive the old Rogue into his Country again to sow Turnipps”. Similar expressions of loyalty to James were heard in Walsall and Leek (Wikipedia).



The father of Jane Whitehouse.

The Sedgley Manor Rolls quoted below, indicate the Whitehouses of the time were locksmiths and, for the time prosperous. Samuel’s marriage to Ann Abell from Birmingham in 1715 shows that he had links further afield.
     If all his children listed below were by one wife, Ann, then she should have been born between 1687-99 (20-45 childbearing) and he would have been born between 1672-99.
     It is therefore probable that he married Ann Abell. She would have been 25 at marriage, while Ann Perrin would have been 32, rather old for the era. He was thus from Sedgley. He was probably older than his wife.
     Georg Abell left a detailed will (1723/5, no burial found) and was a man of property in Birmingham, self described as a gentleman: he mentioned his daughter, Ann, wife of Samuel Whitehouse, in some detail over her inheritance and maintenance.
Samuel Whitehouse bur Tipton 18/3/1738-9FMPi.
Worcester wills do not list any Samuel Whitehouse wills of this period.

The Rolls therefore suggest that a sequence was:
Samuel Whitehouse dcd by 1691, property in Nether Gornal – bur 8/5/1686FMPt, Sedgley, married Elizabeth Jeuin, 2/5/1638, Sedgley.
his son:
1/1. John Whitehouse, a locksmith

John Whitehouse married Anne Hoageter?, both of Kingswinford 2/6/1667, @ Penn
Ann Whitehouse bur Sedgley, 12/6/1684, 7/1/1685, 25/6/1687FMPt.
John Whitehouse married Elinor Darby, Tipton 16/10/1688FMPi, he of Sedgley, she of Tipton.
John & Ann’s son:
2/1. Samuel Whitehouse ch 25/11/1683, Dudley of John & Ann

Eleanor in 1718 relict of John, locksmith, refers to son Samuel & his wife Ann.

Sedgley Manor Rolls, copy from Whitehouse researcher:
6/10/1691: John WHITEHOUSE son & heir apparent of Samuel WHITEHOUSE deceased admitted to property in Nether Gornal occupied by James COMPSON [p.397]
1710-1724: John WHITEHOUSE of Tipton locksmith & Samuel WHITEHOUSE his son mentioned [p.49]
19/8/1718: Eleanor WHITEHOUSE of Tipton widow & relict of John WHITEHOUSE locksmith deceased & Samuel WHITEHOUSE their son & Ann his wife mentioned [p.285]
24/12/1734: To this court came Jeremiah WHITEHOUSE youngest son of John WHITEHOUSE late of Coseley deceased & Elizabeth his wife also deceased, in his proper person & desired to be admitted tenant to one messuage or tenement situate & being in Coseley in the manor aforesaid with all the shops barns & stables ... ... gardens & orchards thereto belonging one close of land called the Ridding to the said messuage adjoining one other close of land called Dassett ...,  now in two parts divided one meadow there called Broad meadow abutting upon the said close called Dassett ..., one small close of land called Wallbrooke abutting upon land now or late of Nicholas PERSEHOUSE at the east end and one parcel of land lying in a certain field in the manor aforesaid called Coseley Over Field abutting upon a close now or late of Samuel WHITEHOUSE also called the Ridding of which said messuage or tenement & premises the said Elizabeth WHITEHOUSE died seized of & which after her death descended to the said Jeremiah WHITEHOUSE according to the custom of the manor aforesaid admitted
29/1/1723: Mary MASON admitted to a cottage or dwelling house in Coseley wherein the then heir... ...belonging to hold to her in full, she married Daniel WHITEHOUSE... ....Mordecai WHITEHOUSE her son to be admitted & after surrenders a chamber in the cottage & the garden thereto belonging the same to the use of Thomas MASON tailor & his heirs

a) Ann Abell 23/11/1715 @ Wombourne

PR show Samuel from Sedgley, Ann from Birmingham.
Ann Abell ch 4/7/1690 @ St Martin, Birmingham, father Georg.

No trace of George’s antecedents, except for the will of John Abell of Castle Bromwich, gentleman in 1609.

Issue of Georg Abell, Birmingham, St Martin:
Children are not named in burial records.
Thomas Abell, not found in PR, but in George’s will.
Sara Abell, ch 19/6/1672, married Samuel Walford
Elizabeth Abell, 5/6/1674, Elizabeth Stephen Newton.
Mary Abell, ch 14/5/1676, M Mr Cooper
Rebeckah Abell, ch 26/12/1677
Martha Abell, ch 14/12/1678
Bur 29/4/1681, a child of Georg Abell
Josephine  Abell, 23/10/1682 dau of Georg & Sara
Bur 21/12/1683, dau of Georg Abell.
Richard Abell, ch 18/7/1684, b 3/7 of Georg & Sara
George Abell, ch 27/8/1686.
George Abell, 7/7/1691ACi.

Will of George Abell, Gent of Birmingham:
Eldest son Thomas – Red Lion Inn, Birmingham, House in Park St
Property in Mancetter and in other parts of Birmingham.
Son George
Son in Law Samuel Walford
Dau Ann Whitehouse, wife of Samuel, her eldest son mentioned
Sara Walford
Elizabeth Newton, S in L Stephen Newton
Mary Cooper
Dated 19/11/1723, probate 11/8/1725.
Bur 7/1/1724-5, St Martin.

Several deeds are in the Birmingham Archives showing George Abell in a couple of property transactions, and en earlier one as a saddler, maybe his father?
MS 3069/Acc1926-021/329264

Title:  Copy of indenture between John Brookes of Birmingham, joyner, George Abell of the same, gent., George Birch of Harborne, gent., and Henry Bragg of Kings Norton, timberman, concerning land in Bull Street and the Priory, Birmingham.

Date:   6 April, 1703.
MS 3375/442373

Title:  Release from Stephen Newton of Birmingham, baker, to George Abell of Birmingham, gent., and Thomas Abell of Birmingham, ironmonger, his son, of lands in Sutton Coldfeild Sutton Coldfield, co. War., in Maney as a settlement on the marriage of the said Stephen Newton and Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of the said George Abell.

Date:   9 May 1719
MS 3069/1/26

Title Bond for performance of covenants from George Guest of Birmingham, locksmith, to George Abell of the same, saddler.

Date 11 May 1681   prob bur 2/6/1688

b) Ann Perin 22/9/1717 @ Old Swinford (PR gives no more info)
   Ann Perrins ch 6/2/1685 @ Old Swinford,
   Father: John Perrins

   Siblings: John (1673), Sarah (1674), Daniel (1680), Margrett
  (1681), Joseph (1682).

Other possible chs:
1) 6/11/1697 Tipton (of Brierley), Abraham & Mary
2) 6/2/1695 Sedgley, Richard & Hannah – not found on original.
3) 23/4/1686 at Sedgley of parents Samuell & Elizabeth. Dd May '86.
5) 22/6/1673 @ Sedgley, father Samuell, Gorn(al) (PR TS) no bur to 1680.
   IGI refers to Samuel, spouse Ann born abt 1693 Tipton.
1/6/1690FMPi, Willenhall, in St Pete W’ton PR, of Robert.
2/1/1688-9, Wolverhampton, of Richard
     A Samuell W was a Churchwarden of Sedgley in 1684.

A study of Tipton & Rowley Regis burials shows a clutch of epidemics in the area between 1727-30. Over 3 years, up to 25% of the population died.

Jane of Daniel & Mary, Tipton 8/6/1718

Issue, ch Tipton:
1/1. Jane Whitehouse (14/5/1719),
1/2. Joseph Whitehouse (12/8/1720),
1/3. John Whitehouse (4/3/1723),
1/4. Samuel Whitehouse (4/11/1724), prob bur 3/12/1732.
1/5. Benjamin Whitehouse (6/12/1726),

Also to Samuel & Anna:

1/6. Anna Whitehouse ch 11/8/1730FMPi, aged 20 days
1/7. Benj Whitehouse (21/12/1732).


11.        ******************** GENERATION 11-14 *******************



N/C records for
Dunton family
Born: None on the data bases and no reference has been found in contemporary wills.
PR shows:
Married:  Judeth Blakemore 29/12/1657.
Entry in Register of St Thomas Dudley July 1658:
"Thomas Dunton did bring a certificate the contents whereof were that Thomas Dunton and Judeth Blakemore were married 29 December 1657 by Henry Billingham witnesses were Thomas Stampe(?) +1"
Another similar reference to Billingham appears in the Dudley records for 1758.
Quaker Bur: Thomas Dunton, 19/2/1704.
This entry would indicate that they were by this time non-conformists, probably Quakers.



The only suitable candidate for Judith found on data bases (10/2017) was:
Ch 3/2/1637-8 at Blymhill, Staffs. (Nr Weston under Lizzard)
Judieth d of John & Alize Blackmyre bap 3 Feb. (PAR TS)
Geographically, this is not a good fit being about 30-40 miles from Dudley, but they could have been acquainted, perhaps via the embryonic Quake movement. The Blakemores were yeoman farming stock, several leaving wills in the era in the area round Blymhill, about 15 miles north of Wolverhampton.

Bur: Alice wf of John Blackmyre 13/7/1638

Parents: John & Alize (Pool) Blakemore.
Sibling: John.
Married: Thomas Dunton, 29/12/1657.
If this is the correct Judith, her family were probably Quakers.

Issue of Thomas & Judeth Dunton (IGI/PR):
1/1. Samuel Dunton, (30/9/1659 - died at 20 days),
1/2. Thomas Dunton, (18/9/1661),

"Thomas Dunton the younger" buried St Thomas 24/7/1694 - b 1661?

1/3. Isak Dunton, (9/10/1664 -PR only),
1/4. Marey Dunton, (16/8/1667),
1/5. Sara Dunton b 7/11/1669 of Thomas (only), Quaker.
1/6. Judeath Dunton, Quakers show Judeth born 21/12/1671

PR Dudley shows born 21/2/1672, ch 17/10/1695, adult ch
Judeth Dunton married Edward Ffinch 21/10/1795 @ St Thomas.

1/7. illegible dau of Thomas & Judith b 4/12/1673 – Quakers. Probably Lydia.

17/10/1695: adult ch at Dudley: Lydia.

1/8. Martha: Quaker shows b 9/2/1676, dau of Thomas & Judith, no surname

but probably Dunton, PR Dudley has b 9/4/1676 ch as adult Quaker, 17/10/1695

The first four were entered as births at St Thomas, Dudley while the last four were @ the Quakers NC, Dudley.

IGI data, none of which look likely:
Thomas Dunton C: 26 Nov 1615
Father: Richard Dunton  Sheldon, Warwick,

Thomas Dunton C: 3 Sep 1626
Father: Thomas Dunton Mother: Joane.
Bickenhill, Warwick, England (near Solihull)

Thomas Dunton B: Abt 1627
Spouse: Martha of Shelton, Warwick, England

Thomas Dunton  C: 5 Apr 1635, bur 16/2/1638
Father: Georgii Dunton   Fillongley,
Warwick, England Mother: Katherine Barsley

Thomas Dunton  B: Abt 1639
Spouse: Esther of Shelton, Warwick, England

Thomas Dunton  S: 12 Jan 1651
Spouse: Martha BARFOOTE   Allesley, Warwick, England



IGI Shows:
Ch: 18/11/1612, Blymhill. (PR TS)
Parents: John & Catherine.
Married: Alice Poole 3/5/1635 @ Blymhill. (PR TS)
1/1. John Blakemyre born 1/5/1636. (PR TS)
1/2. Judith Blakemyre Born 3/2/1637-8               AM11/266

********************** GENERATION 13 *********************



IGI Shows:
Ch 8/1/1591, Brewood, Staffs ??
Married: Catherine.
Issue: John (Blymhill 18/11/1612).

Will: John Blakemore, Series 4 #144 1610, Consistory Court, Lichfield Wills, wife Elizabeth. Prob 2/3/1610-1, Blymhill, yeoman, wife Elizabeth, William eldest son <21, son Henry <21, Son Willia(m?), dau Eday?, yngr dau Elizabeth, son Walter Greene, dau Margaret Gab, Eoyn Green, Brother Thomas, All difficult to read

Thomas Blackmyre bur 31/10/1617.

RICHARD Blackmyre churchwarden Oct 1618
Margaret wf of Henry B bur 20/5/1620
Alise wf of William B bur 21/10/1624
Humphrey B bur 21/10/1631
Henry S of Nicholas ^ Annis B bur 21/3/1635
Nicholas B bur 18/8/1636
Johane wf of William B bur 2/4/1637
William s of William & Mary B bap 10/4/1639
Andrew s of W&M bap 3/10, bur 4/10/1641
Edward son of William Blakemere & Sarah wife bap 21/9/1648
Anne B widow bur 20/2/1654.

12.        17th & 18thC COPE FAMILY of POLESWORTH

    Sarah Cope, wife of Josiah Parkes 2, came from an extensive family originating in Polesworth in Warwickshire, and were yeoman farmers. They remained in Warton, a village NE of Polesworth for many generations until William, born 1799 and some of his brothers worked on the canals and ended up in Bilston in the West Midlands; a niece, Sarah married Thomas Jebbitt, who worked on the new transport system, the railways and became engine driver -  the birth places of their children show their itinerant life (Derby, Lambeth, Southampton & Salisbury!).
     The sequence of the 17th & early 18th Century Copes is difficult to indentify with complete certainty: there were mostly at least 2 generations of Richard Cope, and in the mid 17thC, 3 generations. Likewise, there were more than one generation of Thomas Copes. A major complication is that Polesworth did not show mothers in baptisms until later in the 18thC; there were 2 burials of Margery, wife of Richard Cope, the later one of Old Richard around 1680. To add to the complication, Polesworth parish record images only start in 1631. The couple of generations before that date can be guessed from some early wills. Brannon Cope in his website gave a sequence which I have cross checked with original documents and seemed correct.
The sequence that follows is the best guess!

Probable sequence:
1604: Richard bur, sons John & Richard
1618: John bur, brother & son Richard
1645: Richard (snr?) live 1645, by deduction from jnr
      Snr son of Richard, D1604
      Richard Cope (jnr) live 1645
      Jnr of John, D1618.
1669-72: Richard & Old Richard – wives Margery
      Richard jnr, son of John Mar Margaret Spencer
1675: Richard snr – son, son of Richard
1677: Old Richard bur, prob son of Richard 1604.
1686: Richard snr bur, prob son of John 1618
      Richard jnr, son
1691: Richard jnr – son
1705: Richard snr bur
1726: Richard snr bur
1761 Richard jnr bur – son of Thomas, 1737?

Thomas Copes:
Thomas Cope will of 1733, Kingsbury: Wife Ann, son John, dau Ann

Thomas Cope & Dorothy Brown married Sheepy Magna, 7/4/1697.
Thomas of T&D 3/3/1698-9, SM

Thomas Cope of Polesworth bur 25/7/1644

Thomas Cope married Jane Chetwind, Seckington, 21/10/1644.
Thomas Cope married 15/10/1668 Elizabeth Holt, Sheepy Magna

Thomas Cope married Elizabeth Mousley, Seckington, 26/10/1690, he of Warton, Polesworth, she of Shuttington.
Thomas Cope ch 21/12/1691 of Thomas jun Warton.

1/3. Thomas Cope - no real evidence of this Thomas being Richard's

son, but it might fit.
Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Cope, snr, bur 20/9/1709.
2/1. Thomas Cope

Wife of Thomas Cope jnr, bur 29/10/1722
3/1. Ann Cope, ch 27/7/1712
3/2. Sarah Cope, ch 24/6/1715
3/4. Thomas Cope, ch 18/6/1718, son of Thomas jnr.

Richard Copes:
1619: Will of John, son Richard, brother Richard.
1641: Richard jnr’s son Francis bur, 1645
1635: Richard M Margery Spencer.
1645: Thomas of Richard jnr ch
1645: chr John of Richard Jnr
1656: Ann wife of Richard bur
1669: Margery, wife of Richard bur
1672: Margery, wife of Old Richard bur
1675: Ch John of Richard snr
1676: Jane dau of Richard bur
1677: Old Richard bur
1686: Ch Thomas of Richard jnr
1686: Richard snr bur
1690: Margaret, wife of Richard bur
1691: Ch Thomas of Richard jnr
1705: Richard snr bur
1728: Ann wife of Richard bur.
1736: Richard snr bur
1741: Thomas s of Richard bur
1761: Richard jnr bur
1761: dau of Richard & Sarah bur
1766: Jane dau of Richard & Ann bur

THOMAS COPE - 1686 – Gen 10


Ch. 7/10/1686 in Polesworth. of Warton
Parents: Richard & Margaret Cope.
bur. 27/2/1763, Polesworth of Warton

Married, Polesworth: Thomas Cope of Warton 1/5/1732FMPi Mary Hudson of Shuttington (just North of Polesworth).
Mary Hudson:
Two Mary Hudsons to William at Polesworth:
A: ch 2/9/1702 of William.
B:  29/7/1716 Father: Wm. Hudson @ Polesworth, Warwick, England
There is no recorded burial of a Mary Hudson between these two, but the 1716 baptism is really too young for a marriage in 1732 and 1st child in 1733, possible but unlikely.

Bur: Polesworth 1/2/1727-8, Mary wife of William Hudson of the Common
(towards Warton)
Bur: William Hudson 14/2/1728-9, Polesworth.

Bur: Mary, wf of Thomas Cope, 7/2/1738 @ Warton.

No indication of a 2nd marriage for Thomas.

Issue between 1730-50FMPi:
1/1. William Cope Ch 26/3/1733, Polesworth of Warton.

Married 21/10/1761FMPi, Polesworth Mary Taverner, both of Polesworth
Mary Taverner, ch 25/1/1732-3, Polesworth of John.
2/1. William Cope, ch 3/5/1763 of Hermitage.
2/2. Mary Cope, ch Polesworth 28/6/1764.

Mary Cope, 23/9/1776, Polesworth, dau of William Cope, Polesworth, Lab apprenticed to Edward Orton, Abbey End St, Nuneaton, weaver.

2/3. Catherine Cope, ch 20/10/1766.
2/4. Samuel Cope, ch Polesworth, 7/1/1770, of Hermitage..

2/5. Thomas Cope ch 8/4/1772, Hermitage, bur 3/2/1780.

1/2. Mary Cope Ch. 11/8/1734, Polesworth of Thomas of Warton,

bur. 14/9/1758, Polesworth, dau of Thomas

1/3. Richard Cope Ch 24/1/1735, Polesworth, of Warton

RICHARD COPE - 1637 – Gen 11


Ch 5/3/1636-7, Polesworth of Warton
Parents Richard (& Margery) Cope

Buried Richard Cope senior, 9/1/1704-5, Warton

Will of Richard Cope of Warton, Polesworth parish: Son John 20 shillings, Remainder to son Thomas, also Thomas sole executor. Dated 12/12/1704. Inventory: purse & apparel 10s, money £8. Proved 27 April 1705.
Witness Thomas Dolman.
Probate, Lichfield, 27/4/1705 of Polesworth.
Buried 23/8/1690, Margaret, wife of Richard Cope, buried Warton.

Issue of Richard (& Margaret) Cope:
1/1. John Cope ch. 29/5/1663, of Warton, bur 1/7/1671, s of Richard of Warton.
1/2. Thomas Cope ch. 1/1/1666-7. No burial found.
1/3. Jane Cope ch 31/7/1672, of Warton, bur. 24/2/1676-7, Warton.
1/4. John Cope ch. 19/4/1675, of Richard snr of Warton.

Married: Elizabeth Larkin, 31/10/1703, Polesworth.
2/1. Elizabeth Cope, bur 14/5/1704
2/2. Mary Cope, ch 10/10/1705
2/3. Richard Cope, ch 19/11/1707
2/4. Ann Cope, ch 7/9/1711.
2/5. Joseph & Benjamin Cope, twins, ch 5/5/1714, bur 10/5/1714.
2/7. Catherine Cope, ch 24/6/1715.
2/8. Hannah Cope, ch 5/6/1718.
2/9. John Cope, ch 2/1/1721FMPi.

This is probably the correct John, in spite of the age as he is the only one recorded in the right period:
Married Grendon John Cope & Ann Squelch 3/2/1752, He of Warton, she of Austry, B&S 25 & 21 yrs, her father maybe Thomas, he signed as witness.
3/1. John Cope, ch Polesworth of Warton, 8/1/1753

3/2. Thomas Cope, ch Polesworth of Warton, 30/4/1756
3/3. Ann Cope, ch Polesworth of Warton, 7/12/1763
3/4. Mary Cope, ch Polesworth of Warton, 2/6/1767

1/5. Richard Cope ch. 23/1/1678-9

bur 15/6/1736 Warton (snr)
IGI has:
M Hannah Hickin, 27/4/1700 – not a PR record – both of Birmingham so may not be relevant.
Ann Cope wife of Richard, bur 27/1/1728, Polesworth.
Issue of Richard Cope, Polesworth:
2/1. Richard Cope, 29/7/1703.
2/2. Elizabeth, 15/1/1704-5.

1/6. Unbaptised child of Richard Cope snr bur 9/12/1682.
1/7. Thomas Cope Ch. 7/10/1686PR

The following must be either Richard son of Richard or John above: no way of telling which.
Richard Cope m Polesworth, 6/11/1732FMPi, Jane Nutt, Warton
0/1. Jane Cope, ch Polesworth, 28/5/1749, of Warton.
0/2. Sarah Cope ch Polesworth 21/6/1752, Warton.
Issue of Sarah Cope & Abraham Baxter, M Polesworth 13/5/1776:
(Beryl supplied this line).
1/1. John Baxter, m. Frances Sevell

2/1. Abraham Baxter, m. Sarah Wood.

3/1. William Baxter, m. Elizabeth Sharrad.

4/1. Michael Baxter, m. Emma Fretter.

5/1. Lillian Baxter, m. John Esau Tew.

6/1. Olive Ellen Tew, m. George Harris.

7/1. Beryl E. Harris, m. Mr Allcoat

Widow Cope bur 22/6/1714.

RICHARD COPE -  D 1677 – Gen 12


b. abt.1600:
Parents: John & Elizabeth
Prob bur Polesworth 20/4/1686 as Richard Snr
married: Margery Spencer 10/2/1635FMPi, Orton on the Hill (next E of Warton),
she was buried 6/11/1669, wife of Richard of Warton.
and had 6 known children:
1/1. Ralph Cope no baptism record, bur. 10/2/1680-1 of Warton

The intention of marriage betwixt Ralph Cope of Warton in Polesworth yeoman son of Richard Cope, yeoman in the same (place), and Frances Lakin spinster and daughter of Thomas Lakin of the aforesaid (place), yeoman, banns published. Married 26/6/1656FMPi, Orton on the Hill (adjoins Polesworth).
Issue of Polesworth:
2/1. Ralph Cope son of Ralph, ch 2/4/1657FMPi of Warton, bur not found.

2/2. Ralph Cope son of Ralph, ch 17/4/1659FMPi of Warton.
2/3. Richard Cope 5/7/1663, of Warton
2/4. Ann Cope ch 16/10/1665 of Warton, bur 4/12/1668
2/5. Thomas Cope ch 15/3/1667 of Warton
2/6. Ann Cope ch 23/3/1669-70 of Warton, bur 8/3/1670-1

1/2. Thomas Cope Ch 15/5/1636FMPi, Warton no burial.
1/3. Richard Cope Ch. 5/3/1636-7FMPi in Polesworth of Warton
1/4. Thomas Cope ch 23/6/1639, Warton.
1/5. Francis Cope bapt. 20/3/1641, transcript only, not found in PR image.
1/6. John Cope Ch. 02/4/1645, of Richard jnr of Warton.

John Cope D 1618 – Gen 13


Polesworth PR on line from 1631 onwards.
Yeoman Farmer at Warton
Parents Richard Cope.
d.1618 in Warton
will: 31-Mar-1619 in Litchfield. see:- will and inventory 1619
Sources: Will John Cope 01/3/1618 in Lichfield
Wife Elizabeth, Dau Gillian, Dau Elizabeth,
Brother Richard
Son Richard executor: Richard Junior? Signed.

and had 4 known children, from his will of 1619:
1/1. Gillian Cope
1/2. Elizabeth Cope
1/3. Richard Cope (b.c.1600:bur.11-Jan-1677)
1/4. Thomas Cope.

Richard Cope  - D 1604 – Gen 14


Yeoman at Warton
d.1604 in Warton
will: in Lichfield. see:- inventory 21/9/1604. (will not found)
Sources: Will Richard Cope 02-Aug-1604 in Lichfield

1/1. Richard Cope: probably b. bef 1600.

no children identified: alive 1618 as John’s brother
Probably married to Margery, who was buried Polesworth, 13/1/1672-3, as wife of Old Richard of Warton
bur. 11/1/1677FMPi as Old Richard Cope of Warton.

1/2. John Cope (:d.1618) m. to Elizabeth, from his will.



13.        TURNER FAMILY

TURNER RECORDS to 12/2001:

    The following PR have been checked for Turner, Cooper, Hatten Sparrey & Taylor (early only)
Bobbington: C 1645-1870, B 1645-1870, M 1725-1837.
Trysull: CMB 1645-1812 (no entries btwn 8/1678-12/1685) Done from Index.
Claverley: CB 1700-1764, M 1754-64.
12/01: Claverley Records chkd back to 1700 only.
Bobbington Census. Do Trysull & Claverley Census
Trysull & Bobbington Enclosure Awards (Tithes at Lichfield).
Sedgley Searched for Jane Smith - shown in index, but not found try again!




Ch. Trysull, 11/5/1777PR
Parents: Richard & Mary Turner.
Buried: Bobbington 24/7/1855PR, aged 73 of Gospel Ash - in spite of the age, this is probably him. (or William, son of Richard & Ann, ch 17/3/1786, but William b 1777 agrees with the Census & DC)
Died 22/7/1855DC, Gospel Ash, Bobbington, aged 78, Gardener, Dropsy, Martha Davies, her mark, of Gospel Ash.
No will listed at Lichfield.

    Also found were a family of Turners living at 68, Union St, Willenhall in 1851: William, a locksmith born in Willenhall abt 1802 and his wife, Elizabeth, aged 50. They also had lodgers surnamed Turner.

    Beatrice is the only child of William & Sarah baptised in Bobbington Parish Church, in spite of the fact that they seem to have still/again been living there in the mid 1850's: suppose they moved to Bilston/Willenhall (as suggested by ASP) where they had other children before moving back to Bobbington. Alternatively, any remaining children may have been baptised as Chapel. Bilston & Willenhall PR 1800-05 checked 12/02, several Turners found, but none ours.
    Many Turners in Willenhall - but no obvious connections (ref Irene Bishop, descendant of William Fryer snr, James Fryer etc).

1820, William Coopers will: weaver of Trysull.

The following property must have belonged to his father-in-law, William Cooper.
1827 Enclosure:
William Turner shown opposite Methodist Chapel on road between Halfpenny Green & Gospel Ash, on the fork to Manor Farm.
Richard Turner shown with 1 acre-1-30 on Forest Lane, leading East from Gospel Ash Farm.

1841 Census, Common Lode, Bobbington:
William Turner (60, Ag. Lab.), Sarah (60).

1851 Census, Shop End 16, Bobbington:
William Turner (Hd, 74, Gardener, Trysull), Sarah (Wf, 73, Bobbington).

1851 Census, Manor Farm, Bobbington:
Thomas Turner (Lodger, 18, Farm Servant, Claverley).

William Turner married:
    Sarah Cooper, Trysull, 12/11/1798PR, both OTP,
    His mark, her signature.
    witnesses Mary Chock(?) & Thomas Turner, both of whom signed.



ChB: 20/4/1777, Bobbington, Staffs.
Parents: William & Elizabeth CoWper,
Buried: Bobbington 4/12/1856PR, aged 77 of Bobbington.
Died: 1/12/1856DC, Gospel Ash, aged 79, widow of William Turner, gardener, of Dropsy, informant Mary Ann Turner of Gospel Ash.
The informant, Mary Ann Turner could have been the wife of son James.

The heir of her father, William Cooper (land for her mother's lifetime use). "messuage or dwellinghouse situate by the side of Bobbington Heath in the parish of Bobbington" "William Turner of Trysull in the said county of Stafford weaver)”.

Issue of William & Sarah Turner:
1/1. Beatrice Turner, b. 25/8/1799, Bobbington
1/2. James Turner, Trysull, 29/9/1802FMPi.
1/3. Mary Turner, Trysull, 15/3/1812FMPi.

James Turner:
1851 Census, Mill Lane Wombourne, all born there.
James (37, nailer), Mary Ann (36), John (13), Mary Ann (11), Sarah (6), Adam (2).
1861 Census, Mill Lane, Wombourne:
Mary Ann (45, wid Dealer in Bread), John (23, nailer), Phebe (19, general Servant), Sarah (17), Adam (11), Emma (5).
John son of James & Mary, ch Wombourne 7/1/1838FMPi, a nailer
Phebe, ch Wombourne 31/1/1843FMPi, nailer of Wombourne

1841 Census, Trysull, Burnt Green:
Joseph Tuner (40, Ag Lab, Y), Mary (39), Joseph (17), Charles (11),  Samuel (8).
1851 Census, Albrighton, Whiston Cottage:
Samuel Turner (18, Servant, Trysull).
1851 Census, Bilston:
Joseph Turner (27, Trysull, Shoemaker), Emma (26, Stoddesdon), May (4, Cleobury), Samuel (2, Bilston)

1840 Tithe, Alveley, Joseph Turner renting house.

Willenhall Turners:
Joseph Turner:
1835 & 41 Wolverhampton St, Willenhall, Closet lock maker
1841 Locksmith aged 55 + Susannah (50), Enoch (20), Isaac (15), David (14).
There were various other Turners as locksmiths in Willenhall.
1841 Census, Willenhall
James Turner (35, Pad Lock Mfg), Fanny, 30, Eliza, 12, Caroline, 9 George, 7, Mary, 6, James 3, Charles,1.

1851 Census, 68 Union St Willenhall:
William Turner (Hd, 49, Locksmith, Willenhall), Elizabeth, (W, 50, Staffs), Sarah R T(Lodger, 28, Willenhall), Hannah T, (Lodger, 22)
1861 Census, 41 Union St, Willenhall:
William (Hd, 62, Locksmith, Willenhall), Elizabeth (W, 65, Darlaston)

See below for earlier Turner families:

This is probable sequence from parish record databases: the Turners do not seem to have left any significant wills.




Richard Turner, a weaver of Claverley:

ch Claverley:
(a) 21/1/1738 of William & Mary
(b) 28/12/1734 of William & Elizabeth this one from age at burial.

It is not possible to establish which is the correct one, but a Richard, son of William, buried 14/9/1741: the most likely one would be the youngest, but this is a very doubtful theory!
Son William Turner also a weaver according to father-in-law's will in 1820.

At marriage: a weaver of Claverley, m. @ Bobbington:
Mary Hatten, 5/3/1764, of Bobbington.
Wit. Thomas Rowley (clerk?) Thomas Turner

The administration of Richard Turner, weaver of Trysull, to wife Margaret, 18 June 1806 and his burial 19 May 1806, Trysull, aged 71, look as though it should be the correct Richard, except for the wife Margaret. As it seems as though Mary (Hatten) Turner died in 1791, maybe Margaret was a 2nd wife. If this is the case, it fixes Richard as son of William & Elizabeth. Trysull is the adjacent parish to Claverley.
Richard Turner married, Wolverhampton, Margaret Davies 4/11/1792, both OTP, he a widower, she spinster.



Ch: Bobbington, 10/3/1738PR
Parents: Thomas & Jane Hatten
Mary Turner buried Trysull, 25/5/1791: was this her?

Issue of Richard & Mary Turner @ Trysull:
1/1. William Turner, b. 11/5/1777.
1/2. Sarah Turner, b. 11/5/1777.

Was this a second marriage of Richard?:
Issue of Richard & Ann Turner, Bobbington:
1/1. Thomas Turner 30/3/1783.

Possible issue of Thomas & Jane:
2/1. Edward Turner, ch 24/7/1803

1841 Census, Common Lode, Bobbington:
Edward (35, Ag Lab, Y), Mary (30, Y), Patience (13, Y), Thomas (10, Y), Martha (2, Y).
Possible issue of Edward & Mary Turner (he a Labourer of Bobbington Heath):
3/1. John Turner Ch: 17/12/1826, Bobbington:

1841 Census, Blacklands, Bobbington: John (15, Ag Lab).
1851 Census, Gospel Ash Rd, Bobbington:
John Turner (Hd, 24, Ag Labourer/Wagoner, Bobbington), Emma (Wf, 24, Claverley), Edward (Son, 4, Claverley) Ann (Dau, 11mths, Bobbington)

3/2. Patience Turner 27/10/1828.
3/3. Thomas Turner, abt 1831.
3/4. Martha Turner, abt 1839.

1/2. Richard Turner 21/11/1784, (private bapt).

Richard Turner of H/Green, bur Bob'n 25/12/1856, aged 71.
1841 Census, Blacklands, Bobbington:
Richard Turner (55, Ag Lab), John (15, Ag Lab).
1851 Census, Shop End 17, Bobbington (next door to William & Sarah):
Richard Turner (Lodger, 70, Imbecile, Bobbington)

1/3. William Turner 17/3/1786.
1/4. John Turner 2/7/1788.
1/5. Joseph Turner 13/6/1790.
   Joseph Turner of Gospel Ash, bur Bob'n 11/12/1860, aged 70.
Issue of Richard & Elizabeth Turner, Bobbington:
John Turner 27/4/1777.
Mary Turner 10/5/1778.




Variously spelt Cooper or Cowper.

Born about 1743 from burial.
IGI: William Cooper, ch Enville Staffs 30/5/1742, mother Sarah Cooper. This is probably him, as 2nd dau named Sarah & age at death. PR: illegitimate son of Sarah Cooper.

A couple of Sarah Cooper married in 1746 in Wombourne and 1745 in Kingswinford, probably ch 1717 in Kingswinford and 1718 in Wombourne. No indication if these are relevant.
Sarah Cooper ch Wombourne, 8/1/1718, of Anthony & Mary. No suitable Antony’s on LDS.

William Cooper of Common Side, Bobb'n, bur 1/2/1821, aged 78.
No suitable Cooper found Claverley, Trysull or Bobbington.
According to will, a sawyer, died 29 Jan 1821. Left property on Heath Side, Bobbington to wife, Elizabeth for life and then to daughter Sarah Turner, wife of William Turner. Will dated 29 Feb 1820.

See also:
Staffordshire Record Office

D833 and D3468
Records of the Moseley family of Bobbington

DocRefNo  D833/1/2
Title:  Title deeds re land and buildings at Bobbington Heath
Date: 1811-1850
Purchased in 1847 by John Hughes from William and Sarah Turner.
Includes probate of the will of William Cooper leaving lands and house to his daughter Sarah Turner, 1820; and probate of the will of John Hughes, 1850
(12 items)

William Cooper, sawyer, m. Elizabeth Sparry, Bob'n, 3/4/1768PR,
witness Thomas Rowley & William Morrison.



Ch: Elizabeth Sparry ch Bobbington, 24/8/1743PR
Parents: James & Elizabeth Sparrey
Died: Elizabeth Cooper, bur Bobbington, 15/3/1821PR, aged 78.

Issue of William & Elizabeth Cooper (ch. Bobbington) PR:
1/1. John Cooper 17690716 (witness at Beatrice & Josiah's marriage?),   
1/2. Elizabeth Cooper 2/4/1772 (bur 13/1/1780) (Cowper),
1/3. Nancy Cooper 28/12/1774 (Cowper),
1/4. Sarah Cooper 20/4/1777 (Cowper),                   AM08/36
1/5. William Cooper 1/8/1779 (bur 12/1/1780),
1/6. James Cooper 29/6/1783,

A Butcher at children’s baptisms.
This line from Graham Sadler, 2/2006[xiv]. 3 new PDF’s rec’d 10/2008: a fuller version is in Section 16.
Married Mary Broadmeadow, 9/7/1804, Bobbington, daughter of Edward Broadmeadow and Elizabeth Jannes, born 31 May 1778, Bobbington. Witness Elizabeth Bm & James Richard.
She was born 31 May 1778 in Bobbington Staffordshire, and died 22 Dec 1835 in Swindon Staffordshire
He Died Ketley, Wellington, Shropshire, 18/2/1864, Bur Christ Church, Wellington.

2/1. James Cooper, ch. 19/1/1809FMPi, Bobbington Staffordshire.

d. 15 Apr 1857, Bradley, by hanging. He married Mary Wood 19 Sep 1847 in Wellington Salop, daughter of Richard Wood and Sarah. She was born 1818 in Sheinton, and died 09 Nov 1879 in South Staffordshire Hospital. Wolverhampton.
3/1. James Cooper, b. 03 Dec 1856, Bradley Staffordshire.

Married Mary Elizabeth Lewis 29 Jun 1879 in Sedgley Parish Staffordshire, daughter of James Lewis and Hannah Bailey. She was born 08 Aug 1852 in Bradley Staffordshire.
4/1. Enoch Edward Cooper, b. 21 May 1881, Bradley


d. 09 Feb 1945, 08 Ash Street Bradley Coseley
Married Edith Barrett Jun 1909 in Bradley Staffordshire, daughter of Richard Barrett and Ann. She was born 1887 in Bradley Bilston Staffordshire.
5/1. Edith May Cooper, b. 19 Jul 1921, Bradley

Bilston Staffordshire; d. Apr 1990, Wolverhampton
M. James Edward Sadler, 08 Jun 1940, St. Martins Bradley. Bilston Staffordshire; b. 22 Nov 1912, Sedgley d. Mar 1997, Woodcross Sedgley Staffordshire.
6/1. Graham Sadler (who sent this line from James Cooper)

5/2. Florence Marjorie Cooper, b. 20 Oct 1909, Bradley Bilston Staffordshire.
5/3. Phoebe Olive Cooper, b. 24 Sep 1919, Bradley Bilston
5/4. Maud Cooper, b. 21 Jan 1914, Bradley Bilston
5/5. Annie Cooper, b. 25 Oct 1916, Bradley Bilston
5/6. Mary Cooper, b. 19 Jul 1921, Bradley Bilston
5/7. Lilian Gwendoline Cooper, b. 02 Feb 1927, Bradley Bilston Staffordshire.
5/8. Marie Cooper, b. 21 Aug 1912, Bradley Bilston

4/2. Mary Elizabeth Cooper, b. 26 Sep 1882, Coseley
4/3. James Cooper, b. 30 Jul 1884, Bradley Staffordshire.
4/4. Hannah Bailey Cooper, b. 16 Apr 1887, Coseley.
4/5. Nellie Cooper, b. 25 Sep 1888, Bradley Staffordshire.
4/6. James Harold Cooper, b. 27 Nov 1890, Bradley.
4/7. Daniel Cooper, b. 08 Nov 1886, Coseley Staffordshire.
4/8. James Lewis Wood Cooper, b. 1880, Bradley Bilston.
4/9. Joseph Henry Cooper, b. 09 Apr 1895, Coseley d. 23 May 1896, Wallbrook Sedgley.4/10. Ernest Benjamin Cooper, b. 28 Mar 1892, Coseley d. 14 Dec 1892, Wallbrook Sedgley.

3/2. Sarah Cooper, b. 12 Jan 1851, Pattingham Staffs.

Married George Gough. He was born 1847.
4/1. Louisa Gough, b. 1889, Coseley Sedgley

Married George Grainger. He was born 1889, Coseley Sedgley.

5/1. Ethel Grainger, b. 1916, Coseley Sedgley m. Aubrey  
   Burgess; b. 1916, Wolverhampton Staffordshire.

3/3. Mary Cooper, b. 1856, Bradley Staffordshire.
3/4. Richard Cooper, b. 1849, Ironbridge Shropshire.

2/2. Daniel Cooper, ch. 15/5/1812FMPi, Claverley Staffordshire.

d. 28 Oct 1872, Albrighton. He married Elizabeth Smithyman 08 Feb 1848 in St. Martin Tipton Staffordshire, daughter of Isaac Smithyman and Elizabeth. She was born 1819 in Tipton Staffordshire. Daniel Cooper together with his wife Elizabeth owned the Greyhound Public House in Cross Street Bradley from sometime in the 1840s, until his death in 1871 when the licence was passed to his wife Elizabeth Cooper.
3/1. Daniel Cooper, b. 1850, Bradley Staffordshire.
3/2. Elizabeth Cooper, b. 1853, Bradley Staffordshire.
3/3. William Cooper, b. 1856, Bradley Staffordshire.

2/3. Catherine Cooper, ch. 30/7/1816FMPi, Bobbington, of Claverley.

Married John Lockett 09 Nov 1835 in Sedgley Staffordshire. He was born 1815 in Wellington Shropshire.
3/1. Benjamin Lockett, b 1836 Bilston
3/2. Mary Elizabeth Lockett, b 1841, Bilston
3/3. Eliza Lockett, b 1843, Wednesbury
3/4. James Lockett, b Bilston
3/5. Sarah Ann Lockett, b 1849 Ketley Salop
3/6. Emma Lockett, b. 1852, Wellington Shropshire.
3/7. Maria Lockett, b. 1855, Wellington Shropshire.
3/8. William James Lockett, b. 1858, Wellington Shropshire.

2/4. Edward Cooper, ch 11/1/1805FMPi, Bobbington Staffordshire.
2/5. Sarah Cooper, Ch 19/7/1807FMPi, Bobbington Staffordshire; d. 1885,

Tipton married Thomas Rudd 4/11/1833 Bushbury, son of James Rudd and Eliza. He was born 1804 in Patshull Staffordshire, and died 1885 in Tipton Staffordshire.
3/1. James Rudd, b. 1836.

2/6. Mary Ann Cooper, Ch. 23/12/1810FMPi, Bobbington Staffordshire; d. 28
   Jul 1811, Bobbington Staffordshire.
2/7. Mary Ann Cooper, ch. 9/21817, Claverley Staffordshire; d. 02    
   Dec 1822.
2/8. Benjamin Broadmeadow Cooper, ch. 9/1/1814, Claverley, of James & Mary.

This family is shown in more detail towards the end of this volume. The descendancy there is from several histories sent to me.

Benjamin died 21 Dec 1893 in Aston Eyre Shropshire.
He married Ann Baker 07 Nov 1839 in St. Thomas Dudley Worcestershire, daughter of Job Baker and Elizabeth Jackson. She was born 23 May 1820 in Oldswinford, and died 09 Apr 1889 in Pattingham Staffordshire.
One of the witness's to Benjamin + Ann's marriage was Sarah (Cooper) Rudd, sister of Benjamin.
3/1. Edwin Cooper, b. 05 Aug 1840, Wombourne Staffordshire.

d. 22 Aug 1851, Pattingham.

3/2. Agnes Cooper, b 6/1842, Bradley

Died 20/12/1928, Mosman N.S.W. Australia
Married John Riddle (1836-1916), 1863, Pattingham
13 children inter alia:
4/1. Ernest Cooper Riddle[59], 1873-1939

3/3. Benjamin Broadmeadow Cooper, b. 24/3/1844, Pattingham

3/4. Emily Elizabeth Cooper, b. 14 Dec 1845, Pattingham

d. 1913, W’ton, m. JOSEPH LAWRENCE, 1885, Wolverhampton; b. 1835, Ashby with Stoday; d. 1901, Wolverhampton.

3/5. Daniel Cooper, b. 27 Feb 1848, Pattingham, Staffs.
3/6. Ernest Cooper, b. 24 Feb 1850, Pattingham Staffs.

d. 1895, Bridgnorth

3/7. Arthur Carisford Cooper, b. 22 Nov 1852, Pattingham Staffs.

married when he was 30 years old in Sydney to Caroline Blanche Darbon.[xv]

3/8. Thomas Edward Cooper, b. 11 Jan 1857, Pattingham
3/9. Alice Mary Cooper, b. 18 Jan 1863, Pattingham Staffs.
   d. 26 Aug 1866, Pattingham Staffordshire.
3/10. Annie Louisa Cooper, b. 07 Jan 1855, Pattingham.

m. JOSEPH JOHN JACKSON, 01 Dec 1888, Christ Church West Bromwich; b. 1855, Claverley Shropshire.

3/11. WILLIAM HARRY COOPER, b. 03 Nov 1858, Pattingham

2/9. Eliza Cooper, ch 13/11/1818, Wombourne, of Swindon, Staffs.

1/7. Benjamin Cooper 25/3/1786,
1/8. Elizabeth Cooper 3/2/1788.




The most likely candidate:
William Turner ch. Claverley 6/3/1706, of Joseph, a weaver, & Joyce.
Joseph was a weaver (ref PR) and William's son Richard also a weaver.

No will at Lichfield.

Alternative (See below):
William Turner ch 24/3/1710 Claverley, William & Esther

The only marriages yet found for William & Elizabeth or Mary, prob neither relevant:

William Turner m Elizabeth Robinson  
Shrewsbury St Giles 7/7/1735 (both of St Chad's)

And for William & Mary:
William T m. Mary Shale, W'ton 15/10/1736, both OTP.

Issue of William Turner, Claverley:
William Turner 17100524   William & Esther
John Turner 17130407      William & Esther
Esther Turner, dau of William Turner, bur Claverley, 19/11/1729

William Turner 17320910   William
   Bur: William Turner, s of William, 3/7/1744.
Thomas Turner 17320926    William
Richard Turner 17341228   William & Elizabeth
Susannah Turner 17350803  William
Richard Turner 17380121   William & Mary
  Bur: Richard Turner, s of William Turner, 14/9/1741
Elizabeth Turner 17391117 William
  Bur: Elizabeth Turner, dau of William, 4/8/1741.
Edward Turner 17400922    William
John Turner 17400928      William  (William Jnr)
Mary Turner 17440221      William & Mary
Edward Turner 17451208    William
William Turner17481113    William
Josiah Turner 17510529    William & Mary
Mary Turner17540505       William & Mary
  Bur: William Turner Snr 9/5/1757.
Richard Turner 17620412   William




Thomas Hatten, OTP m. Jane Smith of Sedgley, Bobbington, 12/12/1735.
No suitable Thomas Hattons in findmypast or LDS.

There was a Thomas Hatton, will of 1715, of Kingswinford, but with the wrong children, no other suitable ones.

Jane Smith not found on Sedgley PR, shown about the right date (1711) on PR index, but not found - PR not easy to read. Transcript of index shows Joan Smith.

Sedgley a centre of nailmaking at this time.
IGI: Jane Smith Pattingham 5/3/1711 of George & Mary. (transcript OK)

Bur Jane Hatten, wf of Thomas, 12/3/1738, Bobb'n.

Issue of Thomas & Jane Hatten, Bobbington:
1/1. Thomas Hatten, 12/9/1736,
1/2. Mary Hatten, 10/3/1738.

Bur Mary Hatten, wf of Thomas, 26/2/1762-3, Bobb'n.
Bur Thomas Hatten, 2/3/1762-3, Bobb'n. Snr or Jnr??

At least 2 famillies of Hattons in the Claverley area, 1841 & 51.




James Sparrye ch Highley 9/7/1700 of Benjamin & Ann
Benjamin Sparry m. Anne Elizabeth Grove, Alveley 23/5/1698.

NB Trysull index not checked for Sparrey's
No wills in relevant period

James Sparry m. Elizabeth Bradley, Bob'n 8/7/1739 both OTP.

Elizabeth Bradley ch Kingswinford 21/8/1718 of John & Mary.
John Bradley, OTP, m. Mary Cox of Sedgley, Kingswinford, 3/1/1717.

Issue of James & Elizabeth Sparrey, Bobbington:
1/1. James Sparrey, 6/9/1741,

Married Jane Bradley, Claverley, wit William Cooper.

1/2. Elizabeth Sparrey, 24/8/1743
1/3. Jane Sparrey, 5/10/1746.

K'winford: Margaret Bradley, bur 18/6/1719
John B s of John & Mary 12/9/1702
Mary B d of John & Mary 13/7/1723




IGI: Joseph Turner ch Claverley, 2/4/1677 of William Turner.
     William Turner ch Claverley, 3/12/1654 of William Turner.

Joseph Turner, weaver, married Joyce Taylor, Claverley, 22/4/1705.
Joyce, wife of Joseph Turner, bur 12/4/1734, Claverley.
Bur Claverley, Joseph Turner snr, 3/12/1758.

No wills found.

This looks the most likely with the weaving trade.

1/1. William Turner, ch Claverley 6/3/1706
1/2. Joseph Turner, 24/10/1708, presumably living in 12/1758.

IGI: Joseph Turner, 23/5/1681, Sedgeley, of Thomas & Ann
     Joseph Turner, 2/4/1677, Claverley, of William
     Joyce Turner, 18/4/1675, Worfield, of Thomas & Rachel.

The Alternative line is from William Turner, 1710:

IGI: William T ch Claverley, 18/2/1627 of Henry.
IGI: William T ch Claverley 25/3/1682, of William
PR & IGI: William Turner m. Esther Powell, Claverley, 20/10/1707

Issue of William & Esther (Powell) Turner, Claverley:
1/1. William Turner ch 24/3/1710.
1/2. John Turner, 7/4/1713

Issue of John & Ann Turner, Trysull:
2/1. Esther Turner 19/10/1745
2/2. John Turner 1/7/1749
2/3. Mary Turner 4/8/1751
2/4. Nancy Turner 20/2/1756
2/5. Sarah Turner 18/11/1753
2/6. Susannah Turner 3/9/1758
2/7. Thomas Turner, 14/10/1761, Claverley
Issue of Thomas & Elizabeth Turner, Bobbington:
(Elizabeth 27/1/1802 bur wife of Thomas)
John Turner 17880630 (bur 22/2/1802)
Nancy Turner 17920803.

John Bradley ch 11/12/1696 of Thomas & Elizabeth bur 11 Feb 169(6/7)
John Bradley ch 13/12/1627 bur 26/8/84, of Thomas & Mary Jukes. M Mary.

14.        Related Family Groups


2/2018: This section is still under development!



William Whitehouse church warden of Briarly 1660
Cornelius Whithouse, CW 1675

John Whitehouse Date 24/10/1665, proved 20/1/1665-6
The older of Brieerly, Nailer.
Wife alive but not named.
1/1. Samuel oldest
1/2. Henry
1/3. Ephraim
Youngest 4 sons:
1/4. John
1/5. Amos

Will Dated 15/9/65 proved 19/10/1666
Of Brierly, Wife Ann, mentioned in father John’s will.
married Ann Payne, 9/10/1655, he son of John, she of Tipton.
2/1. Son Amos
2/2. Solomon, bap Sedgley, 16/11/1663 of Amos & Ann. Bur 27/2/1663-4.

1/6. Edward Whitehouse,
1/7 Abraham
Dau M John Hickmans, dcd
Dau married Edward Treesill??
Dau Magdelen Elwell?

Samuel Whitehouse, will of 1681, Sedgley, of Coseley, yeoman

Hannah, M Thomas Homer of Netherton, Dudley
Michael, Will of 1728 died 12/1728, no issue.
Edward, will 1695, yeoman of Coseley, died 25/7/1695, bur 26th.

Wife Elizabeth.
Married Elizabeth Whitehouse, 30/5/1669 Sedgley. He son of Samuel, she dau of Thomas.


Judith, dcd in 1681

Jonathan Sharnton

Samuel Whitehouse, will 1710/11 Sedgley, of Coseley, yeoman

Thomas Whitehouse, 1710-1 of Coseley

Wife Elinor “now wife”. Married Eleanor Elwell, Sedgley 30/4/1689.
Thomas, prop in Brierley in will of 1711,

will of 1729, of Brierley, so probably the right one
Mentions Brother Moses, why is he not in Thomas 1710-1 will?
Joseph 1711 & 1729 wills
Elizabeth exec
Mary, M John Hawthron

Rachel Hawthron

William, exec


Daniel, exec, will of 19/8/1721/18/12/1727

Daniel – will father & grandfather
James – will of father
Hannah – will of father

Joseph, 1729 in will of 1711


Moses, Will of Feb 1729 predates the will of Thomas July 1729, who mentions brother Moses.

Wife Tamzin
Dau Selvester & son selvester
Son & Dau Phillips
Moses, ch 27/12/1705 Sedgley
Tamzin Stokes


15.        Early Parkes of Dudley Region

     This study of the Parkes in this area has been done in a vain attempt to connect our Richard Parkes with others of the time. It is based on wills which show that there were many more of Parkes families than appears in local parish records. This may be because many were non-conformists, but may also be that they married into families all over the west midlands. Some of the Parkes’s may have been relatively prosperous and were able to have family & trading contacts over a broad area. The working nailers, on the other hand, were often very poor and rough.

The study of the wills show how incomplete apparently well kept records were.

Parkes in Summary

Other IGI alternatives for Josiah Parkes:
a) Rowley Regis 5/6/1788 ex John/Sarah
     Other children: Mary (1790), John (1793), Thomas (1794), 
     Joseph (1796), Sarah (1800).
     John m.: Sarah Holden W. Brom 1787
              Sarah Brooks Rowley Regis 1783
     John P. ch Rowley Regis 18/5/1766
          Brother Isaac b. 2/26/1769.
b) Oldbury 9/12/1787 ex Isaac/Hannah.
     Other children: Mary (1777), Richard (1780), Sarah (1784). 
     No parent details.
c) Halesowen 8/3/1800 ex George/Hannah. A bit young??
     Other children: Lucy (1788), Sarah (1789), George (1791),
     Phoebe (1792), John (1794), Hannah (1796), Mary (1799),
     Zephaniah (1805).
     George P. b. Hanbury 16/9/1764 ex George/Ann  (P021221 1070)
     George m. Ann Walters 17/5/1759 Hanbury (7709758-2)


Willingsworth – close to Wednesbury centre. An early family of prosperous yeomen, the earliest known was Richard who bought Sedgley Manor in 1607; they died out.

Cackmore – between Halesowen and Rowley Regis.

1. Parkes of Willingsworth etc

WILLINGSWORTH HALL[60], which has now entirely disappeared, was in Sedgley parish, and only about half-a-mile to the west of Wednesbury church. The mines, furnaces, and other works have obliterated nearly all traces of this ancient residence, with which an old tale used to associate some mysterious subterranean passages. Shaw states that here "Lord Dudley's father was born, his mother being a Parkes." The lady thus referred to was Anne Parkes who, in 1672, was married to William, second son of Baron Ward of Birmingham. She was a granddaughter of the Richard Parkes, Esq., of Willingsworth (otherwise Parkshouse), who in 1607 purchased the Manor of Sedgley from the Earl of Arundel. Richard Parkes himself did not appear to have lived in the Hall, for on July 15th, 1604, he let it on a lease to Humphrey Bradley.
(Anna dau and heir of Thomas Parkes of Willingsworth)

Thomas Parkes, the son of this Richard, was an ardent supporter of the Parliament during the Great Rebellion, and raised a troop of horse at his own cost. It is not surprising to learn that, as a consequence, the Royalists took possession of WILLINGSWORTH HALL, and during their occupation they destroyed the owner's deeds and papers. The Royalist gentlemen evidently knew but too well how to show their spleen; for having lost his deeds, Thomas Parkes was under the necessity of instituting Chancery suits against his tenants, apparently with the object of ascertaining the exact terms of their tenancy.

In 1678 it would appear that the Hall was again void. When the assessment was made for the Hearth-tax * (* When Hearth-money was collected in 1660 the Constablewick of "Wednesbury and Delves" paid the sum of £22 10s. 0d. on 225 hearths. This would show a population of about 1,125 ; at the beginning of the present century the population of Wednesbury was only 4,000. In the same year (1660) the Borough of Walsall had 375 hearths.) in this year, WILLINGSWORTH HALL was assessed on 24 hearths, which would make it one of the largest houses in the County of Stafford. Only Wrottesley and a few others were assessed so largely as this.

The Parkes family once possessed part of the Wednesbury tithes ; their benefactions to the parish were numerous, and their monumental tombs may still be found in the Old Church. In the Hall's latter days they seem to have attended Wednesbury Old Church regularly. At the beginning of the last century there was a straight carriage drive from the Hall to the Church, in the line of Wellcroft Street, and a set of steps from a churchyard gate led up to the north entrance. This road was sheltered by a splendid avenue of trees, and was yet so straight that tradition says the servants at the Hall could see when the Squire and his party left the church gates after Divine service on Sunday, and accordingly be prepared to serve dinner.

ARMS: Sable a fesse erminois between three stags heads couped or (a1618)
CREST: An oak-tree vert fructed or among the branches a squirrel proper

Source for the following???:

John Parkes of Wednesbury
m Agnes .....; c1532 FAS
(of Wednesbury) c1532 FAS
1/1. Thomas Parkes c1532 FAS

of Wednesbury (singleman of Wednesbury) c1532 FAS
m Eleanor Tonkys
d 17 Jan 1602 aged 70; i Wednesbury [M.I.]
2/1. Richard Parkes [only son] b c1563; (aged 55) 1618 below

Richard Parkes of Willingsworth in Sedgley Esquire c1563-1618
m Dorothy Greaves dau of Richard Greaves of Moseley, Worcs
d [NOT 1626]; 7 May 1618 aged 55; i Wednesbury [M.I.]; IPM 1618

see SHC V i 231 Bur Wednesbury 9 May 1618.
3/1. Thomas Parkes [1] b c1596; (aged 18) 1614; (aged 22) 1618 IPM below

Thomas Parkes of Willingsworth in Sedgley Esquire c1596-1660,
m 5 Nov 1628 Streatham: Rebecca Bodley dau of Sir John Bodley of Streatham, Surrey
Will probate 28/1/1675.
On file: Date 6 Oct 1660, Esq. to John ?? Of Cannock Gent, William Turton and ??? And William Adamson gent and Henry Anebrate of Wednesbury and. Prop in Ledgeford in he psh of Cannock, Stafford occ by Thomas Lightwood. Mentions parish of Walsall. My house in Handsworth or West Brom, Tipton, Dau Ann Parks land in Wednesbury, Son John Parks manor of Sedgley, Wife Rebecca. Lands in Streatham.
Knight; (certified Visitation) 10 Apr 1663; (as Mrs Parkes, 28 [? 40]
hearths, Sedgley) 1666 HT; d c1675
d 1660 [VIS]
(aged 18) 1614; (aged 1618) IPM; (Sheriff, Staffs) 1625-6
4/1. Bodley Parkes [1] c 5 Apr 1635 Tipton; unm.; d a1663
4/2. Joseph Parkes [2] d young a1663
4/3. Josiah Parkes [3] d young a1663
4/4. John Parkes [4] b c1647; (aged 16) 1663; unm.; d c1672
4/5. Ann Parkes [heir] b c1646; (aged 17) 1663; m 30 Dec 1672 Himley, William Ward[61] of Willingsworth in Sedgley c1633-1713 QV


3/2. John Parkes [2] unm. ; d a1663
3/3. Ann Parkes m William Fowler of Harnage Grange, Salop c1588-.... QV


1/2. Elizabeth Parkes c1532 FAS

1/3. John Parkes c1532 FAS

1/4. Richard Parkes c1532 FAS

1/5. Roger Parkes c1532 FAS

1/6. Humphrey Parkes c1532 FAS





Michael Parkes Will of Penkridge (PCC) 1617; (matric. sizar, St John's,

Camb) c1594

(B.A.) 1597-8; (Curate, Penkridge) 1604-10 [VENN]

2. Parkes of Cackmore & Totnall

See Dudley area 1750 maps & O/S 1834

There was a large family of Parkes at and around Cakemore, a township in Halesowen parish, which also contained a farm called the Holt and Totnall. This family does not seem to be connected with ours, but is here for elimination. The later generations became prosperous and some moved to Birmingham.

Cakemoor is about 1½ miles NNE of Halesowen centre, and the Holt about ½ mile north of that. Totnall was to the WNW of Cakemore, by about a mile, roughly where the Lion Colliery is marked on the 1834 map. The Lion Colliery was one of the early ones in this area, having been started about 1780: at the time of the will references, it was probably a small hamlet or farm. There is Totnall Bridge on the Dudley no 2 canal.

There is a Tutnall about a mile east of Bromsgrove, in the parish of Tardebigge.

Cruck House
Cruck Barn House at Cakemore.

This family are probably correct, the Totnall connection runs through:

Parkes: the 2 brothers leased Totnall from Lord Ward, 1647[62].

1/1. Richard Parkes, yeoman of Dudley (WP61 will), of Withimore Mill in 1647.

1647 Leases land at Totnall, adjoining William. Lands on either side of Powke Lane.

1/2. William Parkes, will of 1658/61, Yeoman of Cackmore, Halesowen;

land at Oldbury, Halesowen.
1647 Leases land at Totnall, adjoining Richard.
Wife Jane Turton, with sister Elizabeth, both alive 1671.
Married 25/6/1628 RR.
Jane Turton bapt Halesowen, 22/1/1601 of Mathew Turton – seems a bit early.

2/0. Catherine Parkes, b 10/6/1657, ch 22 June of William & Jane, RR.
2/1. Margery? Parkes.

Was this the sister Odnall married to John Odnall of Hillpoole, Cradley referred to in brother William’s will of 1671.
LDS & Findmypast have ch. at Chaddesley Corbett of John Oldnall:
3/1. John W71 & 24/8/1663
3/2. William W71 & 22/6/1666
3/3. Edward W71 & 6/5/1669, mother Margery

Maybe married Joice Oldnall, St John Worcester 1696

3/4. Mary W71 & 29/7/1659 & 20/9/1660
3/5. Ann Oldnall ch 21/11/1671

2/2. Richard – eldest – issue from W1671 will. Of The Holt.

1671 also land at Totnall, of the Holt. And Oldbury.
Will of 1709 of the Holt. Refers to brother Grove?.
3/1. John. W71 Alive 1671-1709, overseer in father’s will.

Children mentioned, but unnamed in Richard’s 1709 will.
Will of 1729/30, the elder, of the Holt & lands in Oldbury
4/1. John, exec to father. Died before 1737 re Pryn

John Parkes of RR:

Prob 17260504 Date 19/8/1725. Yeoman of RR, Wife Mary 3 Closes Upper barley Moor, the Lower Barley Moor, & Bason? For paying debts etc. Younger children mentioned, not named. Son William when 21, close called the Croft. Wife The Square Leasow, Powke Meadow, 2 Godfrey Leasows, the Basin Leasow, & the Long close For life then to William. Daus Sarah & Mary. House called Totnall, Inv 27/8/1725 £19/8/10d  Bur RR 21/8/1725

5/1. William Parkes, bap RR 27/2/1712-3 of John & Mary.
5/2. Mary Parkes, bap RR 14/6/1717 of John & Mary.

4/2. Pryn Parkes, of The Holt.

Will with codicils dated 1737, proved Jan 1738.
Makes reference to wills of father & of his brother John.

Prob 9/1/1738 Date 24 May 1737. Of the Holt, Gent, lands near the Bell In in Belbroughton also lands near Oldbury, ps of H/owen,  called Brierley fields and Oldbury field, to B-in-L William Broughton, clerk; refers to his father John Parkes; late brother John Parkes, late uncle John N??? Dcd, land in H/owen; B-in-L John Pixoll; Nephew John Pryn Parkes Pixoll, Nephews Samuel & William Broughton nieces Sarah, Anne, Dorothea & Theodosia; Aunt Hannah, Cousin Thomas Parkes of B'ham; Cousins Richard Parkes, of B'ham, and his son Pryn cousins Mary, Susannah, Hannah & Sarah, sisters of said cousin. Kinsman Samuel, Nicholas & Benjamin Parkes of London. Uncle Turton of B'ham; Cousin John  Groo?; Uncle Jeremiah Parkes; Samuel Broughton; William ??; apprentice Thomas Costerton, William Lewis, Codicil dated 8 November, 1737, with will attached.
refers to the Broughtons
Cousins Thomas & Richard of B’ham & R’s son Pryn, probably of Samuel.

4/3. Sarah married William Broughton (Pryn1737)

Issue less than 21 in 1729:
At Chaddesley Corbett of William & Sarah:
5/1. William Broughton J1729, Pryn1737 bap 21/7/1714.
5/2. Sarah Broughton J1729, Pryn1737. Bap 18/9/1718.
5/3. Anne Broughton J1729, Pryn1737. Bap 4/5/1718.
5/5. Samuel Broughton Pryn1737. Bap 26/1/1712-3.
At Hartlebury of William & Sarah:
5/5. Dorothea Broughton J1729, Pryn1737. Bap 1/8/1719.

5/6. Theodosia Broughton J1729, Pryn1737. Bap 21/9/1720.

4/4. Mary Parkes, wife of John Pixell of Coventry, upholsterer.

5/1. John Pixell <21 1729 – John Pryn Parkes Pixell in uncle Pryn’s will. Or Pixell re Pryn1737

A PCC will of John Pryn Parkes Pixell, vicar of Edgbaston, 7/12/1784.

The Musical Times

Vol. 154, No. 1923 (SUMMER 2013), pp. 71-83 (13 pages)
JOHN PRYN PARKES PIXELL was bom at Birmingham in 1725 and baptised on 12 November at St Martin’s Church. His father, who was also named John (c.1689-1761), worked as an upholsterer. (born Worcester). In his youth, Pixell studied at the King Edward VI School, Birmingham and on 4 July 1744 was awarded an ‘Exhibitioner’ scholarship to study at Oxford. On that date the school’s governors ordered the bailiff to pay Pixell £20 a year for a period of seven years, or for as long as he resided at an Oxford College.9 Pixell became a member of Queen’s College, from where he matriculated on 13 March 1744, aged 18. It was during his time at Oxford that he became acquainted with George Horne, the future Bishop of Norwich.10 According to Horne’s memoirs, Pixell, Phocion Henley (1728-64) of Wadham College and Richard Short (c. 1727-90) of Worcester College were ‘well known in the University for their abilities in music*.11 There is no evidence that Pixell ever received a degree from Oxford, although his memorial in Edgbaston church records that he was a Master of the Arts. There is a strong possibility, as others have indicated, that Pixell never completed his degree, and there is some evidence for this belief in what happened between 1749 and 1751-'* Pixell, at least as far as the bailiff of King Edward’s School was concerned, continued to live at Oxford until 1751, when he received his final payment as Exhibitioner.n However, Pixell had returned to Birmingham by 1749....
5/2. James Pigot <21 1729

3/2. Samuel. W71, Exec to father 1671-1709.

A Samuel had issue in Harbourne, Thomas, Richard 1716-18. Maybe Pryn’s cousins who referred to Pryn Parkes, son of cousin Richard.

Pryn Parkes, ch St Martin B’ham, 24/5/1732 of Richard
William P, s of Pryn & Jane, St Phillips B’ham 23/11/1759.

A Mr Pryn Parkes was recorded as being buried 11/6/1807, aged 73 of Llangolling, Flintshire – age is about right and with the unusual name, this may have been him. Most men were simply by forename, so “Mr” implies some status. This probably Llangollen.

Pryn Parkes married Jane Burney, 11/1/1759, St Leonard, Bridgnorth
Also married Susannah Butler, 27/3/1753, Harborne, Staffs.
Elizabeth dau of Pryn & Susannah died 7/3/1754, B’ham.
Susannah Parkes wife of Pryn, died 27/9/1757, B’ham

Vicars of Broughton, Shrewsbury:
Francis Barney Parkes, B.A. Ch. Ch., Oxon. Signs the Register as Curate in 1836. Perpetual Curate 1840–1855. Afterwards Rector of Southwick, Sussex, 1858–1873, and Vicar of Atcham, 1873–1881. Born at Loppington, 1812; died 24 Sept., 1881. Son of the Rev. Richard Parkes, Vicar of Hanmer and Loppington; and grandson of Mr. Pryn Parkes, of St. Martin's, co. Warwick.

3/3. Jeremiah.  W71, J1709, Pryn1737.

Jeremiah Parkes married Elizabeth Whitehouse, Tipton 28/10/1712, by banns. Issue on file, Thomas but no Richard re Pryn’s will.

3/4. Mary, W71 alive 1671-1709.
3/5. Hannah, W71 alive 1671-1709-1729 in brother John’s will 1729 and in Pryn’s will of 1737.
3/6. William, alive 1709

From Richard will of 1709:
4/1. Mary
4/2. Henry
4/3. Susannah
4/4. Hannah
4/5. Thomas
4/6. Sarah
4/7. Lydia.

2/3. Son William, clerk of Halesowen, ch 11/9/1642 of W&J.

Will of 1671, has sisters & brothers & their issue.
Lands in H/O & RR. Baron after 1640 from father’s will.

2/4. Ann, Mrs John Cotterel – issue from W71 brother’s will.

3/1. John
3/2. Ann
3/3. Elizabeth



Jane Parkes, will of 1687 of Cackmore
She was probably too old to be Jane Turton, married to William Parkes.
She was most likely to widow of Christopher Parkes

Prob 3/6/1687 Date 4 May 1687, Widow, of Cackmore weak, dau Anne Parish; ch of Anne: Mary, Joseph, Jane, John & William Parish; Dau Isabel Ashley & her ch Hanna & William; Dau Jane Price, her daus Mary Shaw & Mary Price; Son William as Exec. £25/3/6d signed

Christopher Parkes M Mary...(blank in record) 21/11/1642, Halesowen.
Admon of Christopher P, Thatcher of Halesowen to Jane 1676.
Issue of Christopher, RR:
1/1. Richard, 4/10/1653.
1/2. Jane Parkes dau of Christopher bap RR 25/11/1654
1/3. Ann 5/4/1646.

2/1. William Parkes
2/2. Ann Parkes, M Parish

3/1. Mary
3/2. Joseph
3/3. Jane
3/4. John
3/5. William

2/3. Isabel Parkes – Ashley. B abt 1667

3/1. Hannah Ashley
3/2. William Ashley

2/4. Jane Parkes – Price

3/1. Mary Parkes – Shaw
3/2. Mary Parkes – Price

John Parkes, a husbandman of Halesowen, will dated 1727, proved 1730. Son John & Dau Hannah Agborrough.
Prob 17320908 Date 28/8/1727. Husbandman of Halesowen. Son John Parkes, dau Hanna agborrough, G/son John Parks <21, "Joseph Parks, son of Hannah agborrough" exec. Inv 24/8/1732, £76/19/0 inc £60 for a mortgage probably Agberrow re marriage of Amos P to Hannah Agberrow, Halesowen 22/2/1731-2 
Prob John Bur H/O 12/8/1732 of Lapall.
Perhaps Joseph born out of wedlock to Hannah.
Agberrows in Worcester St Clement in this period.

Amos Parkes of Cakemore, will 1721 Date 31/8/1721.
Yeoman of Cakemore. Son Amos, son William, dau Esther, Also sons Samuel Joseph Inv 7/9/1721 £114/14/3d - Son Amos prob. bap RR 20/12/1720 of Amos & Mary. Amos Bur H/O 4/9/1721 of Cakemore

Issue of Amos, will of 1721:

1/1. Amos Prob bapt RR 20/12/1720, of Amos & Mary.

Amos Parkes M. Hannah Agberrow, Halesowen 22/2/1731-2

2/1. Joseph

1/2. William

1/3. Samuel

1/4. Esther
1/5. Joseph

James Parkes married Mary Mintridge, Sedgley, 20/1/1734FMPt.

David Parkes, Artist:
Born: Cakemore 21/2/1763DNB, of John Parkes, PR shows James & Mary.
Mar: Elizabeth Morris, 11/1/1792, St Julian, Shrewsbury, by licence.
He a schoolmaster of St Julian, aged 28, she 26 of St Chad.
Bur: 11/5/1833, Shrewsbury, late schoolmaster, age 70 of Raven St.

A David Parkes is shown as being baptised Halesowen 6/3/1762-3ACt, son of James & Mary. This ties in with the artist, except for the father.

PARKES, DAVID (1763–1833), schoolmaster, draughtsman, and antiquary, son of John Parkes, of an old family in reduced circumstances, was born on 21 Feb. 1763, at Cakemore, near Halesowen, Shropshire. Parkes, after being educated in the village school, was apprenticed to a japanner at Birmingham, but soon set up a small school, and eventually obtained a situation as usher in a private school. He meanwhile cultivated a natural love of art, and became proficient in French. Parkes soon removed to Shrewsbury, where he established, in a house called ‘The Franciscan Friars,’ a school for the mercantile classes, which obtained some repute, and subsequently was transferred to larger premises in Castle Street. He spent his leisure in travelling about his native county, making innumerable drawings of antiquities and picturesque objects. He thus accumulated an important collection of books, prints, and antiquities connected with Shropshire. Parkes was a frequent contributor to the ‘Gentleman's Magazine,’ and was a well-known and prominent citizen at Shrewsbury. He died at Shrewsbury on 8 May 1833, and his library and collections were sold in the following August. He married Elizabeth Morris of Hadnall, Shropshire, by whom he had three sons and several daughters. Of his sons, James Parkes (1794–1828), born in 1794, practised as a drawing-master in Shrewsbury and assisted his father in his archæological drawings. He died on 31 March 1828. Twelve etchings by him of views of monastic and other remains in Shropshire were published posthumously in 1829. The younger son, John Parkes (1804–1832), also practised as a drawing-master.


Bap William Parkes 4/1/1708, of William & Mary of Totnall.

William Parkes of RR:
Prob 17480611 Admon to Mary, Relict. Inv 15/4/1748, £30/14/10d.
Bur RR 11/2/1747-8 aged 78 of Powke Lane or of Totnal aged 76 31/3/1748. Prob the latter from Inv Date. Prob bap RR 13/4/1672 of William & Frances

3. Parkes of Dudley

A Quaker family.
The BMD records are uncomplete, many individuals on the wills do not appear in ecclesiastical records – some or most of these people were Quakers or other non conformists, whose records either never existed or do not do so now.

From Katherine’s Quaker marriage & Henry’s will:

Richard & Mary Parkes.
Issue, the first generation must have been born around 1640, and the second maybe 1665-1685:
This line from Henry’s will of 1709.
1/1. Henry Parkes, will dated 1709, proved 1710 of Dudley.

Henry Parkes, Date Oct 1709, to nephew Henry Payton, (son of brother in law John Payton) ref land in Tipton Curtis Croft; wife Bridget; John, Thomas Parkes, Sarah Harris & Rachel, Elizabeth, Ruth Parkes, (ch of my brother John P); niece Mary Whitehouse, niece Sarah Baker, niece Hannah Payton & hers brother Henry & John Payton; Kinsmen Henry & John Payton; Also nephew John Payton son of B-in-L John Payton; nephew Henry Parkes, son of my brother John P; Daniel son of B-in-L John Pershouse; Richard, John, Ruth, ch of Brother Richard; John, Ezekell, Adam, Abraham & Mary Pershouse (ch of B-in-L John Pershouse); Richard, Mary Sumerland (ch of B-in-L Richard S); Niece Mary Clare (dau of William & Mary (Payton) Clare) Children?; B-in-L Samuel Summerland; B-in-L Isaac Sumerland; Bequest to the Quakers of Old Meeting House, Dudley.; B-in-L John Whitehouse. Thomas Darby of Sedgley, exec. Yeoman, inv £34/10/2d

Married Bridget, HW
Land in Tipton. No apparent surviving issue.

1/1. Sister married John Pershouse

2/1. Daniel 21/1/1703-4 Sedgley of John & Anne
2/2. John ch 20/3/1691-2 of John & Ann
2/3. Ezekell
2/4. Adam
2/5. Abraham
2/6. Mary

1/1. Sister married Richard Sumerland.

2/1. Richard
2/2. Mary

1/1. Sisters married to Samuel & Isaac Summerland.
1/2. John Parkes, married Sarah?

From Henry’s will:
2/1. John Parkes. HW
2/2. Thomas Parkes. HW Ch 14/4/1697 of John & Sarah
2/3. Sarah Parkes, HW married Harris,.

Sarah ch 6/5/1681, Tipton of John & Sarah.
Married Benjamin Harris, Tipton, 2/9/1707, both OTP.

2/4. Rachel Parkes. HW
2/5. Elizabeth Parkes, HW prob ch 20/8/1691, Tipton.
2/6. Ruth Parkes. HW Ch 11/1693 of John & Sarah, Dudley Quaker
2/7. Henry Parkes.

1/3. Richard Parkes.

Henry’s will:
2/1. Richard Parkes.
2/2. John Parkes.
2/3. Ruth Parkes.

1/4. Katherine Parkes, Prob ch Tipton 14/12/1634 of Richard

m John Payton 7/6/1663, son of Henry & Ann, she died 28/3/1701.
John son of Henry & Anne of Dudley, bap 1/4/1638, Dudley  HW
Mainly from Quaker records:
2/1. Hendry Payton, 4/4/1664, bur 26/4/1664
2/2. Mary Payton, 12/4/1665, prob mar William Clare

at Northfield, 18/9/1687. Confirmed in Uncle Henry’s will.

2/3. John Payton, 26/8/1666, died 9/1/1666-7
2/4. John Payton, 24/1/1668
2/5. Sary Payton, 3/10/1669

John Clark of Tarporley yeoman, married Sarah dau of John & Katherine Payton, Dudley, 2/3/1693. Witnesse: inter alia, Bernard Perks; Henry, John, Richard jnr, Sarah, Bridgett, Ruth Parkes.

2/6. Hendry Payton, 5/10/1671. Died 29/9/1746 in his 75th year. HW

Married Mary, who died 27/2/1706
3/1. Henry, 16/2/1706, died 15/12/1762, son of Henry & Mary, his 1st wife.
Married Ann, she died 1/11/1774 in her 91st year
3/2. Mary Payton, 8/5/1710
3/3. Stephen Payton, 22/5/1712
3/4. Hannah Payton, 18/6/1716, may have married William Young of Leominster, 1747 as dau of Henry of Dudley, Quakers.
3/5. James Payton, 14/4/1718, died 2/11/1786
3/6. Ann Payton, 14/6/1722
3/7. Katherine Payton, 16/3/1726

2/7. Hannah Payton, 14/8/1673
2/8. John Payton, 12/10/1675

Son of John & Catherine, dcd, Mar Dudley 6/9/1703 Mary dau of John & Jane ffidoe of Wednesbury.
Mary Payton, wife of John, died 19/5/1721.
3/1. John, 14/8/1705, died 12/1/1706. Father a mercer.
3/2. Mary, 25/1/1707, d 15/2/1707
3/3. John, 18/5/1707, 2nd son
3/4. Sarah, 23/7/1709, died 16/8/1709
3/5. Sarah, 23/8/1713
3/6. Phebe, 18/12/1715
3/7. Hannah, 18/4/1716

2/9. Joseph Payton, 1/6/1678, d 3/6/1678

Mary (Perks) Parkes married John Payon, Dudley St T, 24/9/1691.

2/1. Hannah Payton, ch 14/8/1705, Quaker Dudley, of Dudley.
2/2. Henry Payton
2/3. John Payton
2/4. Daniel Payton

Sarah Parkes, will 1709, died 1718, Halesowen. Prob wife of John Parkes.
1/1. Richard Parkes, Tipton 7/10/1672

2/1. Samuel Parkes

1/2. Mary Parkes, married John Partridge, b 15/10/1676, ch 13/11/1676 Tipton
1/3. Elizabeth Parkes, married Thomas Payton, maybe ch RR 1/5/1687,

Poss Thomas ch Dudley, 18/9/1683 of Thomas & Sara
2/1. Mary Payton
2/2. Thomas Payton

1/4. Samuel Parkes,
1/5. Sarah Parkes, married William Fletcher, ch 6/5/1681, Tipton.


There is a Waterfall on north Staffordshire, but the references here must relate to land to the north of Halesowen; there is a modern lane and pub called Waterfall lane.

Re WP 1665

Father Parkes

Son 1 – cousins of William 1665:

Mary Parkes.
Roger Parkes,

Maybe Will of 1679/1683 of Waterfall. Buried Roger of RR 28/5/1682.
Nailer, land called Waterfall. Probably married Mary Smith, RR 23/5/1641.

Roger, ch 9/3/1644-5 RR. Prob mar Mary Lerigo, RR 3/11/1689.
Eleanor, ch 23/4/1648, RR
Anne, ch 26/3/1649
Mary ch 29/3/1655 of Roger & Mary.
William, ch 23/11/1642.

Henry – left Waterfall by cousin W1665,

Maybe born Tipton, Aug 1719 of Henry.
his son William to inherit after Henry.
probably bap 18/12/1663, bur 4/12/1665 RR of Henry & Rebecka –

no indication of who Rebecca was.

Issue of Henry & Rebecca, RR:
Josiah, ch 20/10/1660.
Mary 25/3/1661-2
William ch 3/4/1663, bur 4/12/1665
Margery, ch 8/4/1666.
Catherine, ch 2/2/1687-8
William, ch 14/11/1669
Catherine, ch 17/12/1671.
Hannah, ch 27/12/1675.
Anne, ch ch 20/7/1679
Joseph, son of Henry, bur 25/11/1681.

Son 2

John Parkes, brother of WP1665
William Parkes, will of 1665, dated 9/1664, Nailer of Waterfall of RR.
Prob Bur 10/3/1664-5.



John Parkes of RR 19/3/1730-1
Dated 15/8/1729? Nailor of RR, Sister Phebe, house etc bought of Josiah Back at Waterfall in RR Brother Richard property at Waterfall. Also sister Elizabeth Gravenor. Kinsman Josiah Parkes exec. Inv 23 Dec 1730, £8/16/4d - See William Parkes 1665 re Waterfall

Elizabeth Parkes married Joseph Grosvenor, RR 22/8/1726.

Will of Edward P 1787
1/1. John parkes of NG,

1/2. Edward Parkes Probate 23/7/1787

of Nether Gornal, Sedgley, Spinning Wheel Maker, freehold in Sedgley.
Wife Elizabeth,

1/3. Job of Sedgley, carpenter, will of 1791-97

2/1. Sarah, married Thomas Caddick. B abt 1740

Mar Bond TC aged 40 ironmonger with John C of Sedgley, Sarah P aged 35+ spinster. Witness Job P. 7/5/1776

2/2. Mary, married Thomas Cox. No marriage found.

1/4. Sister Mary, wife of William Hickman of NG, shoemaker

M w’ton 8/12/1742, he of Bilston, she of Sedgley
5 nieces Mary wife of Thomas Bond of Stourbridge, staymaker, Elizabeth Hickman, spinster, & Phebe wife of Joshua Carwright of NG, Taylor, daughters of sister Mary Hickman by William, Esther & Elizabeth Hickman.

1/5. Elizabeth by Edward Alsop who is departed this life some time since,

6 nephews & nieces John, Joseph, Elizabeth, Herodia, Hannah & Sarah Alsop, s & d of sister. No Marriage found.


Mary wife of Obadiah Parkes of W'ton (Mary Parkes married Obadiah Parkes Sedgley 10/7/1768).

 Also to Edward Stuart & Mary Haslock, wife of William H of Stourbridge shoemaker, the 2 children of my wife's sister. Also niece Hannah wife of Isaac Nailor, Phebe wife of Joshua Cartwright & Mary, wife of Thomas Bond. Also to nJohn Alsop, natural child of Mary Alsop. Codicil re extra land purchased dated 11 June 1783. Bur Sedgley, 12/7/1787?

4. Parkes – Nailers


See in Parkes Appendix for a description of the Nail Trade of the period.

William Parkes, 1681 Of Halesowen, naylor, maybe of Ridgacre.
Wife Elizabeth

Son John – of W&A RR 11/4/1653
son Richard

Richard Parkes, 1/6/1710, proved 30/9/1710, RR Baker

Mother Elizabeth
Brother John
Dau Sarah b aft 1689

Son William
Dau Elizabeth
Dau Isabel
Dau Sarah of William & Anne ch 3/4/1663, RR

William Parkes, 1687-8, of RR, Naylor

Paddocks Close, RR
Wife Catherine
Son Richard – Bap RR 14/9/1654
Son Josias – RR Josiah bap 25/3/1662
Son John -
Dau Isabel – none found

Richard Parkes, 1725 of RR, Naylor

Admon to widow Elizabeth,
Appraised by Roger Parkes.

Canterbury will of Richard Parkes, baker of Halesowen 1810 is not him.
Worcester Court index shows RP died 1808, Dudley, Nat Archives IR27/91
Rowley Regis has a Richd. Parkes Bur 22 Oct 1808 (will 9/11/1808).

Waterfall Lane & Pub now to SE of RR centre.
Powke Lane to west of RR towards Cradley.
David Parkes, artist, 1763-1833. West Midlands.

1574: Richard Parkes of Iplsey & Son William – land in Dudley foreign[63]
1618: Richard Parkes of Willingsworth (Sedgeley) Will died 8 May 1618[64]
1639: John Parkes, Nailer, of RR. Land for 99 years; sons Richard & William.[65]
1647: Richard Parks elder of Withymore Mill leases Totnall House for 99 yrs 28[66]
1647/51: William Parkes the elder of Cakemore, brother of Richard leases land at Totnall 255[67]
1659: Richard Parkes, Gent Ed Lord Dudley a Fine, manor of Sedgeley[68].

1674: Richard Parkes of Withymoore Mill, leases Carey’s lodge 21 yrs. 93[69]
1689: John son of William Parkes of Tottnall. Also John Turton, Brades. Also John son of Richard as witness[70]
1700: Richard Parkes leases Cary’s Lodge for 21 years 116.[71]

18/6/1732: RR burial William Pickrell, apprentice boy of Richard Parkes’s P

William Parkes, 1730 Old Hall, Halesowen, yeoman.

Dau Mary
Dau Elizabeth
Dau Esther alias Green
Dau Mary


Son John

William Parkes, 1748, RR
Wife Mary. Intestate, no will.
1. of Pouk Land (Lane), RR, aged 78 bur 11/2/1747-8
2. of Total (Totnall), RR aged 76, bur 31/3/1748.
William Parkes, 1733 of Dudley
Admon, son John.

5. William Parkes/Turton/Belloc Family

These are the descendant of William Parkes snr, a Maltster of Dudley and his son, William II, a Baker of Dudley; his existence was mentioned in a later deed referring to his son William. A descendant of this family was Hillaire Belloc’s mother, referred to in a tree in a collection at Girton College Cambridge.

William II would have been contemporary with our Richard Parkes’s father – there is no evident connection, but it seems highly unlikely that there were 2 Parkes families as Bakers in Dudley at the same time.

A William Parkes of Kinfare (Kinver) married Bobbington, 7 May 1776, Sarah Bennet: probably no connection.

John Parkes M Frances (Girton)

Several John Parkes’s ch RR 1647-9
Isabel of John & Frances bapt Dudley, 9/3/1645,
1/1. Mary (Girton)
1/2. Jane. (Girton) bap 25/11/1652 Dudley
1/3. William M Eleanor Barker 1666Girton, prob at Claverley (Boyd’s)

2/1. John Parkes (Girton),

maybe ch Dudley 5/5/1670 of William.
There was a John Parkes with a will of Warwick (1746/59) whose daughter Sarah married Nicholas Tomlinson of Jamaica in 1720: She must therefore have been born around 1700, perhaps this was the Warwick connection.

2/0. Elizabeth Parkes??, in John, 1750’s will.
2/2. William Parkes, Maltster of Dudley: (Girton)

Bap 27/2/1675, Dudley.
Married Elizabeth Smith, abt 1699 (Girton)
Admon 22 Nov 1733, Maltster, died abt August 1733. eldest son William relinquished to brother John, the 2/50 deeds were reviewed after William jnr death in 1769.

William Parkes I, alive 1732, maltster (the elder, ref D/SCAM/1/3/2/50 et seq.)
Mayor of Dudley, 1732.

1732, William elder, & younger & Joseph & John refers to a fine (conveyance) on  land in Dudley via Abraham Stokes. .8 acres at Watsons Green (see DSCAM 1/3/2/66 for plan) and .... 12 acres in Dudley between the land of James Hinckes gent and the land of Alice Partridge widow and a lane leading from Watsons Green towards Tivedale...(about ½ mile east of Dudley centre in 1750). This land William left to Phebe. The lands were for the use of William younger (ie conveyed to him).
Watson’s Green on 1750 plan of Dudley. Parks Field shown between Watsons Green and Dudley.

3/1. Elizabeth Parkes, married Abraham Stokes. Brother John’s will

Marriage not found,
Issue from brother John’s will 1750.
4/1. George Stokes
4/2. Esther Stokes

3/2. John Parkes (Girton). Admon for father.

Will dated 1734, proved 2/11/1750, as a grocer of Dudley. Grocer, of Dudley. Brothers William & Joseph execs. In trust for bequest to Aunt Elizabeth for life, after her death between brothers Will & Jo & sister Elizabeth Stokes, 2 of her children George & Esther Stokes by Abraham Stokes. See deed 7/9/1726 Turton/Stokes.

Girton M 1720, but no evidence of this – admon to brothers.
LDS has John Parkes marrying Martha Parks, Old Swinford 6/11/1720. Party to deed 1732.
Edward Parkes, bap Old Swinford, 27/11/1727.

3/3. Joseph Parkes. Exec to John in 1750. (Girton)

Party to deed 1732

3/4. William Parkes II (Girton),

Baker of Dudley in 1726, d abt 1769,
GG grandfather of Bessie Parkes, mother of Hillaire Belloc.

No burial found.
Will of, of Netherton, Worcs., Baker, dated: 15 Oct 1764,
Proved 31 January 1770 in Worcester.
Wife Phebe Parkes, son John Parkes, Son William (late, see will 1763), Daughter Phebe Parkes, daughter Sarah Caddick, daughter Elizabeth Thorpe.
Exec: John Turton of the Brades

The younger in 1732.
Renounced fathers Admon in 1733.
Apprentice master, 9/4/1736, Baker of Netherton, Job son of John Smith of Hanbourn

1746, exec in the will of Robert Bayliss.

Alive JP1750
born about 1700.
The younger 1732, in deed acquiring lands in Dudley, which ended up with Blinkhorn by 1800. The attached letter describes John Parkes as the eldest son of William, and left 2 sons, one of whom was William, in the deeds[72].

Details below.

1772: deed relating to William jnr’s legacies gives family[73].
He left land in Watsons Green.

PR: William Parks of Dudley & Phebe Turton of Rowley Regis licence married Rowley Regis, licence, 10/1/1726-7PRt.
Phebe of the Brades at marriage (Rowley Regis).

Phebe Turton:
Phebe daughter of John (gent of Oldbury, dcd by 1726) & Sarah Turton, b 11, ch 14 Sept 1701, Rowley Regis.
She died about 1796,
leaving a will, of Warwick, with grandson William also of Warwick, as exec,
Dau Elizabeth Thorpe, widow of Samuel late of Newport Pagnell
G/dau Mary Spurritt, wife of Bernard and dau of Elizabeth
Proved 16 March 1797.
Several deeds show property being transferred to Phebe from father John Turton December 1726, prior to her marriage to William Parkes,
Some of this subsequently appears in deeds relating to her granddaughter, Phebe, marrying Blinkhorn.

Issue of William & Phoebe (Turton) Parkes:
PW: Phebe will 1799

4/1. John Parkes, Bap Dudley, 9/6/1728, PR Dudley

He married Mary Foxcroft (1730-1776), 1757[xvi].
Nottingham, 13/1/1757FMPt, she of Nott St Mary, he of St Mary Warwick, by licence.
1743: apprenticed to Henry Venner of Warwick, Linen Draper, son of William Parkes.
1774: of Warwick, Linen Draper,

John & William had apprentices indentured to them in Warwick.[74]
17821116 Mercer, with John P, William Huff
17850606 Mercer, with John P, Jas Bruin  
17910916 Mercer, with John P, Rich Stanton
William Parkes, son of John & Mary, St Barts Bham, 16/4/1860.

5/1. William ParkesPW of Warwick, merchant (D-SCAM-1-3-2-58).

Will of 1806 – WPW
Married Ann Harper, Warwick, 26/12/1882, by licence, with consent of her father (ie <21), both of Warwick.
In his will, his wife is Sarah Parkes, late HarperWPW
6/1. William ParkesWPW.

Charles Henry, Son of William Parkes esq & Frances, dau of Thomas Byerley, born 3/7/1816FMPi, in the Marble Yard, Warwick. Non Con.

6/2. Henry Parkes, b aft 1783

Son of William & Ann Parkes, mercer, Non con born 11/10/1794, bap 2/11/1794FPMi

6/3. Ann Parkes b aft 1783WPW
6/4. Phebe Parkes b aft 1783WPW

Born 7/1/1797, ch 1/3/1797FMPi, Warwick non con of William & Ann.

6/5. Eleanor Harper Parkes b aft 1783WPW – mentioned in one place only. Probably by Sarah, not Ann

5/2. John ParkesWPW
5/3. Alexander ParkesWPW DCD bef 1804

6/1. Alexander ParkesWPW
6/2. Mary Ann ParkesWPW

5/4. Elizabeth Parkes, wife of John BuchannanWPW.
5/5. Ann Parkes, wife of James BuchannanWPW.
5/3. Phoebe Parkes (1759-1817).

M Joseph Webster (1750-1788), Worcester 1/4/1781.
The Webster family operated a very well-known wire drawing business which is still active, and has been in Birmingham for 300 years (now Webster and Horsfall).

4/2. William Parkes III, d abt 1763, candle maker of Birmingham,

no issue.
Born Dudley 19/7/1735
1750, may have been apprenticed as a toy maker in Birmingham, son of William.
William Parkes
, Copy Will of, of Birmingham, candle maker
will dated: 13 Aug 1763, DE/1/6/77
father & mother, not named,
Brother John Parkes, sisters Sarah Parkes, Elizabeth Thorpe & Phebe Parkes
Execs brother John & John Turton of the Brades.

4/3. Elizabeth ParkesPW,

Ch Dudley 23/7/1731, PR Dudley.
married Samuel ThorpePW of Banbury, Oxford, Mercer.
Mary ThorpePW, married Bernard Spurritt of Newport Pagnell

4/4. Sarah Parkes, born 10/1/1729, Dudley, died bef 1772.

married Bayley Caddick of Tole End, Bilston Ironmonger, Re DE/1/6/79.

4/5. Phebe Parkes unm 1772, born 30/8/1733, Dudley

Married Thomas Blinkham, and died abt 1800.
Thomas Blinkhorn married Phebe Parker(s), Tipton, 10 Nov 1773 (LDS)
Thomas Blinkhorn was of Spitalfields now of Warwick Silk weaver.
The Blinkhorns acquired, in 1773, the lands bought by William Parkes in 1732.
They had land at Watson’s Green, Dudley, later sold.
6/1. Thomas Blinkhorn.


Phebe Turton/Parkes Deeds

This may be connected with the Netherton connection:
John Parkes, will of 3/1/1698-9, proved 3/11/1699 of Netherton, Dudley, yeoman.
1/1. Elizabeth Parkes, Mar Richard Bolton, 11/1671.
1/2. Isabel Parkes, mar Mr Harris
1/3. William Parkes, will of 1701, Netherton, Dudley, yeoman

Wife Margaret
2/1. Son William, g/s in John 1699
2/2. Dau Hannah Parkes, g/ch in John 1699

M Thomas Bissell, RR 29/1/1693, she of Dudley

1/3. Dau Elizabeth, g/d in John 1699

There are various documents relating to her land holdings before marriage, and their inclusion in marriage settlements and later disposal after William’s and her deaths.

Various documents relate to the £400 legacy from her son William:

D-SCAM/1/3/53 (i) 5/11/1773
Btw Phebe Parkes of Tipton, spinster of one part and
John Parkes of Warwick, mercer
Baly Caddick of Tipton, nail ironmonger
William Turton of West Bromwich in Staffs, nail ironmonger of the other part

D-SCAM/1/3/53 ii 6/11/1773
Phebe Parkes spinster of Tipton of 1st part
Thomas Blinkhorn of Spittle fields in Middx Silk Merchant of 2nd part and
John Parkees of Warwick, mercer,
Baly Caddick of Tipton nail ironmonger and
William Turton of West Bromwich, nail ironmonger of the 3rd part
Whereas a marriage .. is intended shortly .. between Thomas Blinkhorn & Phebe Parkes

London 13 Dec 1798
Letter re William Parkes snr, father of Phebe Blinkhorn from Thomas Blinkhorn
D=SCAM 1/3/2/58
Michas 6 1732
Extract of a fine between Abraham Stokes & William Parkes, the elder William Parkes the yr Joseph P & John P of 7 closes one barn 2 gardens and 8 acres and 6 acres of pasture etc Re land in Watsons Green.
Also letter re Mr Blinkhorn’s estate

Phebe Parkes: Attested Copy Deed to lead the uses of a fine [28 Dec 1774]
Ref No: DE/1/6/80 Date: 6 Sep 1796
Phebe Parkes of Newport Pagnell, Bucks., Widow of William Parkes late of Dudley, Worcs., Baker;
John Parkes of Warwick, Linen Draper, son and heir at law of Phebe and William Parkes, and Mary, his wife ii)
Abel Peyton of West Smithfield, London, Linen Draper Tenements and
lands at Netherton; lands in Dudley; and messuage and close in Rowley Regis. Some of the land is in early Turton Deeds, including a nail shop.
Endorsed: '14/5'
Level: Item Related Material: [bundled with DE/1/6/75 - DE/1/6/91]
For more information contact: Dudley Archives

The Belloc – Parkes Connection

Email 8/2017:[xvii]
The Parkes family tree I have viewed (contained within Bessie Parkes' papers in the archive at Girton College, Cambridge) shows Bessie's family line going back to a John Parkes of Netherton, Dudley in the 17th century, as follows:

John Parkes m Frances
their children were William, Mary and Jane
William m Eleanor Barker 1666
They had two sons, John and William
William (a baker of Dudley) m Elizabeth Smith c.1699
They had three sons: John (married c.1720), William (married Phoebe in 1726 and died 1769) and Joseph
This William is Bessie's great-great-grandfather (and so Charlie Eustace's 6x great-grandfather). I have no information about any children of John and Joseph.

So, it would seem reasonable to conclude that your family line is connected to Charlie's -  it seems unlikely that there were two completely unrelated men called Parkes who were bakers in Dudley within a couple of generations.  However, the family tree on Antony's website shows your Richard Parkes to be the son of William and Hannah and the grandson of Richard and Elizabeth.  None of these people appear on the tree in Bessie's archive (indeed the name Richard does not appear at all) so it is not possible to be more precise about the connection without further investigation.  The only Josiah Parkes listed is Joseph's brother (Bessie's uncle), a civil engineer who lived 1793-1848 and had no children.

The Girton Archive does not have any information about who created the family tree, so I cannot be certain of its accuracy.  However, it is carefully produced and matches some other information in other sources, so I would be inclined to trust it.  If you or any of your relatives wanted to view the document for yourself, the archive catalogue reference is Girton/GCPP Parkes 12/76.

There was a Samuel Parkes, mercer in Dudley in 1755, paying for an apprentice.

Quakers in Dudley, witnesses at wedding, 22 March 1663: Henry, John, Richard jnr, Sarah, Bridgett, Mary

Belloc Line

GG grandfather William (d 1769)
G G/father William (d 1763)
John Parkes (DNB) (“son Parkes” of John of William & Phebe)

Of John & Sarah:
Ann Parkes, ch 17/12/1792, Birmingham
Charles Parkes, ch 9/5/1788, Bham
Edward Parkes, ch 29/11/1798, Bham
Elizabeth Parkes, ch 28/3/1796, Bham
John Parkes, ch 27/8/1792, Bham
Thomas Parkes, ch 5/1/1792 Bham

1/1. Josiah Parkes born at Warwick on 27 February 1793, 3rd son.

Prob ch 29/4/1793, Birmingham of John & SarahFMPt.
Died: Freshwater, Isle of Wight, on 16 August 1871
English civil engineer, inventor of a deep drainage system.

Re J0SIAH PARKES, Enquire, Deceased. Pursuant to the Act of. Parliament of the 22nd and 23rd Viet, chapter 35, intituled “ An Act to further amend the Law of Property, and to relieve Trustees.”
NOTICE is hereby given, that all creditors and other persons having any claims or demands upon or against or in anywise affecting the estate of Josiah Parkes, late of No. II, Great College-street, in the city of Westminster, in the county of Middlesex, Civil Engineer, deceased (who died on the 16th day of August. 1871, and whose will was proved in the Principal Registry of Her Majesty's Court of Probate, on the 12th day of October, 1071, by Elizabeth Rayner Belloc, of No. 11, Great College-street, in the city of Westminster, wife of Louis Marie Belloc, of the same place, Esquire, and Henry Dyte, of No. 6, King's Bench walk. The Temple, in the city of London, Gentleman, the executrix and executor in the said will named), arc hereby required, on or before the 30th day of December next, to send in the full particulars of their claims to the said Elizabeth Rayner Belloc and Henry Dyte, at the office of the said Henry Dyte, No, 6, King's Bench-walk’ aforesaid; after which time the said Elizabeth Rayner Belloc and Henry Dyte will proceed to distribute the assets of the deceased, having regard only to the claims and demands of which they shall then have had notice; and the said Elizabeth Rayner Belloc and Henry Dyte  will not after that time be liable for the assets of the said deceased, or any part thereof, so distributed, to any person of whose claim or demand they shall not have had notice as aforesaid. And all persons indebted to the said deceased are requested forthwith to pay the amount of their respective debts to the said Elizabeth Rayner Belloc and Henry Dyte.—Dated this 1st day of November, 1871.
HENRY DYTE, Solicitor and Executor, 6, King's Bench-walk, The Temple.[75]


1/2. Joseph Parkes b 22/1/1796 Warwick D 11/8/1856 MI Wiki

At the age of twenty-eight Parkes married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Joseph Priestley the younger (son of Joseph Priestley the theologian). Their daughter Bessie Rayner Parkes married in 1868 Louis Belloc, and was known a writer on literary and social subjects.[2] Their children Marie Belloc Lowndes and Hilaire Belloc were both also known as writers.
2/1. Elizabeth Rayner (Bessie) Parkes, 16 June 1829 – 23 March 1925)

Bessie Rayner Parkes, dau of Joseph Parkes & Elizabeth Priestley. At age of 38, she married Louis Belloc, and produced Hilaire Belloc (1870-1953)
Joseph 1796-1856, son of John & Martha Parkes, brother of Josiah & Mary.


16.        Other Family Info:


A Incorrect Cope Family Line!


Richard Cope 1759

On the basis of age, I had thought that this might have been the correct one who had issue with Theodosia, but an apprenticeship entry makes it look unlikely:
Richard Cope, 12/5/1773, Polesworth, son of Richard Cope, Warton, Polesworth, decd shoemaker & Sarah, to John Earpe, Orton on the Hill, Leics, cordwainer. This must be Richard born 1758 to Richard & Sarah.

Ch: Polesworth, 24/12/1759PR, of Warton.
Parents: Richard & Sarah (Richardson) Cope.

Richard Cope 1703

Inferred to be “Senior”:

ChB: 29/7/1703 Polesworth, of Warton.
Parents: Richard & Ann Cope.

Richard Cope jnr, bur 15/9/1761.
(note: no issue of Richard & Sarah after this date)
Since referred to as Richard jnr, when he died, his father must have been Richard.

Richard Cope Married 1/11/1757, Polesworth:
Richard OTP, Sarah Richardson, of Austrey (next to Polesworth), wit. Richard Orton, & Samuel Kettle; by Banns.




At Marriage, "of Austrey", adjacent parish to Newton Regis, thus most likely:
ChB: 31 Dec 1732 @ Newton Regis, Warwick.
Parents: Francis & Eliz. Richardson.
Francis Richardson married Elizabeth Corbett, Newton Regis, 10/4/1732 (IGI).
Francis Richison b. Newton Regis, parents Francis & Mary 15/4/1716.

Bur: Sarah Cope @ Warton, 14/2/1810, aged 82. (thus b. 1728)

Issue of Francis & Elizabeth. ch Newton Regis:
Sarah 31/12/1732
Ann 24/1/1735
Catherine 31/10/1737
Lydia 2/5/1741

Other possibilities:
C: 24 Mar 1730 Father: John @ Saint Martin, Birmingham,
C: 3 Sep 1732 Father: Zaccheus & Mary @ Brailes, Warwick, England
C: 18 Aug 1734 Father: Geo & Eliz @ Mancetter, Warwick,
C: 27 Dec 1740 Father: John & Mary @ Newbold Pacey, Warwick,

Apprenticeship: John Richardson, 23/9/1771, Polesworth, so John Richardson, Warton, Polesworth, Lab to James Tubney, Glenfield, Leics, weaver.
John Richardson ch Polesworth 9/2/1760, of John & Catherine.

Issue of Richard & Sarah (Richardson) Cope, ch @ Polesworth, Warwick:
1/1. Tho. Cope C: 31 May 1758 of Warton (PR).
1/2. Richard Cope C: 24 Dec 1759 of Warton (PR).
1/3. Sarah Cope C: 9 Oct 1761 of Warton (PR), Bur 17/10/1761, Warton.

If Richard's birth date is correct, and his death in 1761 bears this out, it is highly probable that he was married before Sarah Richardson:

A Richard Cope of Warton married Jane Nott, Polesworth, 6/11/1732
Was this an earlier marriage?  If he was born in 1703 & died 1761, this is a strong possibility.

Issue of Richard & Jane (Nott) Cope, Polesworth:
1/1. Elizabeth Cope 1/7/1733, dau of Richard
1/2. Ann Cope 20/12/1738,
1/3. Thomas Cope 11/11/1741, bur 10/12/1741
1/4. Thomas Cope 17/3/1743
1/5. John Cope, 6/4/1746,
1/6. Jane Cope, 28/5/1749, dau of Richard & Jane
1/7. Sarah Cope, 21/6/1752, dau of Richard & Jane of Warton.

Cooper Family - From Graham Sadler, 2008


Descendants of Benjamin Broadmeadow Cooper

The son of James Cooper (1783-1864) & Mary Broadmeadow.

Generation No. 1

1. BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW3 COOPER (JAMES2, WILLIAMA) was born 1814 in Claverley Shropshire, and died 21 Dec 1893 in Aston Eyre Shropshire. He married ANN BAKER 07 Nov 1839 in St. Thomas Dudley Worcestershire, daughter of JOB BAKER and ELIZABETH JACKSON. She was born 23 May 1820 in Oldswinford, and died 09 Apr 1889 in Pattingham Staffordshire.
One of the witness's to Benjamin + Ann's marriage was Sarah (Cooper) Rudd, sister of Benjamin.
Children of BENJAMIN COOPER and ANN BAKER are:

i. EDWIN4 COOPER, b. 05 Aug 1840, Wombourne Staffordshire; d. 22 Aug 1851, Pattingham Staffordshire.

2. ii. AGNES COOPER, b. Jun 1842, Bradley Bilston Staffordshire; d. 20 Dec 1928, Mosman NSW Australia.

iii. BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW COOPER, b. 24 Mar 1844, Pattingham Staffordshire.

iv. EMILY ELIZABETH COOPER, b. 14 Dec 1845, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 1913, Wolverhampton; m. JOSEPH LAWRENCE, 1885, Wolverhampton; b. 1835, Ashby with Stoday; d. 1901, Wolverhampton.

3. v. DANIEL COOPER, b. 27 Feb 1848, Pattingham Staffordshire.

4. vi. EARNEST COOPER, b. 24 Feb 1850, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 1895, Bridgnorth Shropshire.

vii. ARTHUR COOPER, b. 22 Nov 1852, Pattingham Staffordshire.

viii. ANNIE LOUISA COOPER, b. 07 Jan 1855, Pattingham Staffordshire; m. JOSEPH JOHN JACKSON, 01 Dec 1888, Christ Church West Bromwich; b. 1855, Claverley Shropshire.

5. ix. THOMAS EDWARD COOPER, b. 11 Jan 1857, Pattingham Staffordshire.

x. WILLIAM HARRY COOPER, b. 03 Nov 1858, Pattingham Staffordshire.

xi. ALICE MARY COOPER, b. 18 Jan 1863, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 26 Aug 1866, Pattingham Staffordshire.

Generation No. 2

2. AGNES4 COOPER (BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW3, JAMES2, WILLIAMA) was born Jun 1842 in Bradley Bilston Staffordshire, and died 20 Dec 1928 in Mosman NSW Australia. She married JOHN RIDDLE 23 May 1861 in Pattingham Staffordshire, son of JAMES RIDDLE and ELIZABETH STAFFORD. He was born 1837 in Wisbeech Farm Albrighton Shropshire, and died 27 Aug 1916 in Mosman NSW Australia.

Children of AGNES COOPER and JOHN RIDDLE are:

i. AGNES5 RIDDLE, b. 1862, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 1940; m. RICHARD TAYLOR; b. 1862.

ii. EDWIN RIDDLE, b. 1863, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 1937, Parramatta NSW Australia.

iii. MAUDE RIDDLE, b. 1865, Bobbington Staffordshire; d. 1941; m. GEORGE GIBBONS; b. 1856.

iv. EDITH RIDDLE, b. 1867, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 1916; m. FREDERICK BUCHANAN; b. 1865.

v. ARTHUR RIDDLE, b. 1869, Wee Waa NSW Australia; d. 1954; m. LOUISA STAPLES; b. 1871; d. 1958.

vi. FRANK RIDDLE, b. 1871, Wee Waa Australia; d. 1934.

vii. LILIAN RIDDLE, b. 1871, Wee Waa Australia; d. 1958, Pymble NSW Australia; m. WILLIAM BUCHANAN,

1894; b. 1870, Australia; d. 1917, Australia.

viii. ERNEST COOPER RIDDLE, b. 1873, Narrabri NSW Australia; d. 1939, Woollahra NSW Australia.

ix. VIOLET RIDDLE, b. 03 Jun 1876.

x. PERCY RIDDLE, b. 13 Jul 1877.

xi. BLANCHE GOWER RIDDLE, b. 27 May 1881.

xii. HAROLD DICK RIDDLE, b. 05 Aug 1883.

xiii. HILDA MARY RIDDLE, b. 24 Jun 1885.

3. DANIEL4 COOPER (BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW3, JAMES2, WILLIAMA) was born 27 Feb 1848 in Pattingham Staffordshire. He married JANE E.PEAKE 1871 in Aston Birmingham, daughter of THOMAS PEAKE and SARAH. She was born 1848 in Compton Staffordshire.

Children of DANIEL COOPER and JANE E.PEAKE are:

i. ERNEST H.P.5 COOPER, b. 1873, Dudley Worcestershire.

ii. ARTHUR J. COOPER, b. 1875, Sedgley Staffordshire.

iii. FREDRICK D. COOPER, b. 1878, Compton Staffordshire.

iv. RICHARD COOPER, b. 1880, Compton Staffordshire.

v. EMILY E. COOPER, b. 1883, Compton Staffordshire.

4. EARNEST4 COOPER (BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW3, JAMES2, WILLIAMA) was born 24 Feb 1850 in Pattingham Staffordshire, and died 1895 in Bridgnorth Shropshire. He married ELIZABETH TRENEAR JEFFREY Jun 1878 in Falmouth Cornwall, daughter of JOHN JEFFREY and ELIZABETH TRENEAR. She was born 1856 in Perranaworthal Cornwall.


7. i. CHARLSIE TRENEAR5 COOPER, b. 1879, Bridgnorth Shropshire.

5. THOMAS EDWARD4 COOPER (BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW3, JAMES2, WILLIAMA) was born 11 Jan 1857 in Pattingham Staffordshire. He married MARY BAKER 1885 in Ashton Cheshire. She was born 1865 in Staleybridge Lancs..

Children of THOMAS COOPER and MARY BAKER are:

i. DOUGLAS5 COOPER, b. 1886, Bridgnorth Shropshire.

ii. SYDNEY BAKER COOPER, b. 1889, Bridgnorth Shropshire.

iii. TOM COOPER, b. 1892, Bridgnorth Shropshire.

iv. HARRY DICK COOPER, b. 1900, Shrewsbury Shropshire.

Generation No. 3

ERNEST COOPER5 RIDDLE (AGNES4 COOPER, BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW3, JAMES2, WILLIAMA) was born 1873 in Narrabri NSW Australia, and died 1939 in Woollahra NSW Australia. He married ANNIE BIBBY. She was born 1873 in Manchester, and died 1948 in Woollahra NSW Australia.

Sir Ernest Cooper Riddle (1873-1939), banker, was born on 5 April 1873 at Narrabri, New South Wales, one of thirteen children of English parents John Riddle, station manager, and his wife Agnes, née Cooper. Riddle left Narrabri Public School to join the Bank of Australasia at Narrabri in 1889 as a junior ledgerkeeper/teller. In Sydney during the banking crisis of 1893 he was responsible for the bank's Hurstville agency. After experience at other branches, in 1898 he was appointed manager at Orange where he spent fourteen years. On 14 June, at Hurstville, he married Annie Bibby with Anglican rites[76].

Children of ERNEST RIDDLE and ANNIE BIBBY are:

i. ENID6 RIDDLE, b. 1900, Orange NSW Australia; d. 1986, Alstonville NSW Australia; m. JOHN WARNOCK; b. 1894.

ii. HAROLD J. COOPER RIDDLE, b. 1900, Orange NSW Australia; d. 1900, Orange NSW Australia.

iii. JOHN GODDARD RIDDLE, b. 28 Feb 1908, Orange NSW Australia; d. 1996, Wahroonga NSW Australia.

7. CHARLSIE TRENEAR5 COOPER (EARNEST4, BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW3, JAMES2, WILLIAMA) was born 1879 in Bridgnorth Shropshire. She married CLEMENT GAZE. He was born 1870 in Morton on the Hill Norfolk, and died 1957.


9. i. WILLIAM6 GAZE, b. 17 Nov 1902, Scole. Norfolk; d. 1996.

ii. CLEMENT GAZE, b. 03 Feb 1908, Norfolk; d. 2000.

iii. CHARLSIE GAZE, b. 1911, Norfolk.

Generation No. 4


was born 28 Feb 1908 in Orange NSW Australia, and died 1996 in Wahroonga NSW Australia. He married ANNE JEANETTE POWER. She was born 22 Jul 1916 in Randwick NSW Australia, and died 2003 in Wahroonga NSW Australia.

Children of JOHN RIDDLE and ANNE POWER are:

i. ANTHONY COOPER7 RIDDLE, b. 20 Mar 1941, Roseville NSW Australia; d. 2004, Boulder Colorado USA;

m. DOROTHY MISURA; b. 19 Jan 1940, Buffalo New York USA.

ii. CYNTHIA RIDDLE, b. 13 Sep 1945, Sydney NSW Australia; m. TACO KUIPER; b. 26 Jul 1939, Pretoria South Africa.


9. WILLIAM6 GAZE (CHARLSIE TRENEAR5 COOPER, EARNEST4, BENJAMIN BROADMEADOW3, JAMES2, WILLIAMA) was born 17 Nov 1902 in Scole. Norfolk, and died 1996. He married OLIVE MARGARET POTTER 1931 in Huddersfield. She was born 1907 in Grundisburgh, and died 1948.


i. WILLIAM7 GAZE, b. 1932, Burston. Norfolk; m. MARGARET CLEGG, 14 Aug 1956, Bressington Norfolk; b. 1935, Bressington. Norfolk.



Descendants of William Riddle

Web Download “Agnes Cooper Riddle.pdf”:
John Riddle, g/son of William married Agnes Cooper 23 May 1861


Generation No. 1

1.    William1 Riddle was born 1756. He married Ann. She was born 1756, and died 28 May 1834 in Albrighton Shifnal, Shropshire..


Children of William Riddle and Ann are:

i.   Jane2 Riddle, b. 1776, Wooler Northumberland.

ii.   James Riddle, b. 1789, Wooler Northumberland; d. 26 Oct 1857, Pattingham Staffordshire.
iii.   George Riddle, b. 1790, Wooler Northumberland; d. 30 May 1854, Pattingham Staffordshire.

iv.   Robert Riddle, b. 29 Jul 1793, Wooler Northumberland; d. 09 Oct 1841, Albrighton Shifnal, Shropshire.
v.   William Riddle, b. 1795, Wooler Northumberland; d. 04 Apr 1879, Pattingham Staffordshire.


Generation No. 2

2. James2 Riddle (William1) was born 1789 in Wooler Northumberland, and died 26 Oct 1857 in Pattingham Staffordshire. He married Elizabeth Stafford. She was born 1798 in Wellington Shropshire, and died 10 Mar 1877 in Pattingham Staffordshire.


Children of James Riddle and Elizabeth Stafford are:


4. i.    Caroline3 Riddle, b. 1823, Tipton Staffordshire; d. 03 Aug 1855, Wolverhampton (Pattingham).

  ii.   Mary Ann Riddle, b. 1826, Church Eaton Staffordshire; d. 1906, Wolverhampton (Pattingham).

5. iii.  William Riddle, b. 1828, Albrighton Shropshire; d. 1904, Dudley.

6. iv.   Edwin Riddle, b. 1833, Albrighton Shropshire; d. 1917.

7. v.    John Riddle, b. 1837, Wisbeech Farm Albrighton Shropshire; d. 27 Aug 1916, Mosman NSW Australia.

  vi.   Emma Riddle, b. 1833, Albrighton Shropshire; d. 1904, Ivy Cottage Pattingham.



3. Robert2 Riddle (William1) was born 29 Jul 1793 in Wooler Northumberland, and died 09 Oct 1841 in Albrighton Shifnal, Shropshire..

Child of Robert Riddle is:

8. i.   Ann3 Riddle, b. 1830, Albrighton Shifnal, Shropshire..

Generation No. 3

4. Caroline3 Riddle (James2, William1) was born 1823 in Tipton Staffordshire, and died 03 Aug 1855 in Wolverhampton (Pattingham). She married John Hopkins 1848 in Wolverhampton. He was born 1816 in Gloucestershire.

Children of Caroline Riddle and John Hopkins are:

i. Elizabeth4 Hopkins, b. 1850, Comberbach Cheshire.

ii.     George James Hopkins, b. 1851, Comberbach Cheshire.
9.          iii.   Caroline Hopkins, b. 1852, Comberbach Cheshire.

iv.   John Hopkins, b. 1853, Comberbach Cheshire; m. Kathleen.


5. William3 Riddle (James2, William1) was born 1828 in Albrighton Shropshire, and died 1904 in Dudley. He married Eliza Knowles 12 Jan 1860 in Boningale, daughter of John Knowles and Ann. She was born 1825 in Crab Lane Bobbington Staffordshire, and died 1923 in Cleeve Mill Newent. Gloucestershire.

Notes for Eliza Knowles:

Eliza Knowles was the daughter of John Knowles and Ann ?.

She was christened at Saint Mary's Holy Cross Church Bobbington on October 1st. 1825.

Children of William Riddle and Eliza Knowles are:


6. Edwin3 Riddle (James2, William1) was born 1833 in Albrighton Shropshire, and died 1917. He married Mary Harris 09 Jan 1868 in Tettenhall Wolverhampton. She was born 1834 in Wergs Tettenhall, and died 1907.


Children of Edwin Riddle and Mary Harris are:

i. Emma4 Riddle, b. 12 Oct 1870, Stonehall Staffordshire; d. 17 Dec 1960, Pattingham Staffordshire; m.
Thomas S Faulkner, 22 Sep 1921, Pattingham Wolverhampton; b. 1856, Pattingham Staffordshire.

ii.     Kate Riddle, b. 15 Oct 1873, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 22 Oct 1943, Pattingham Staffordshire.


7. John3 Riddle (James2, William1) was born 1837 in Wisbeech Farm Albrighton Shropshire, and died 27 Aug 1916 in Mosman NSW Australia.
He married Agnes Cooper 23 May 1861 in Pattingham Staffordshire, daughter of Benjamin Cooper and Ann Baker. She was born 1843 in Bradley Bilston Staffordshire, and died 20 Dec 1928 in Mosman NSW Australia.

Children of John Riddle and Agnes Cooper are:
i. Agnes4 Riddle, b. 1862, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 1940; m. Richard Taylor; b. 1862.
ii.     Edwin Riddle, b. 1863, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 1937, Parramatta NSW Australia.

iii.    Maude Riddle, b. 1865, Bobbington Staffordshire; d. 1941; m. George Gibbons; b. 1856.

iv.     Edith Riddle, b. 1867, Pattingham Staffordshire; d. 1916; m. Frederick Buchanan; b. 1865.

v. Arthur Riddle, b. 1869, Wee Waa NSW Australia; d. 1954; m. Louisa Staples; b. 1871; d. 1958.

vi.     Frank Riddle, b. 1871, Wee Waa Australia; d. 1934.


vii.    Lilian Riddle, b. 1871, Wee Waa Australia; d. 1958, Pymble NSW Australia; m. William Buchanan,
1894; b. 1870, Australia; d. 1917, Australia.

viii.   Ernest Cooper Riddle, b. 1873, Narrabri NSW Australia; d. 1939, Woollahra NSW Australia.

ix.     Violet Riddle, b. 03 Jun 1876.

x. Percy Riddle, b. 13 Jul 1877.

xi.     Blanche Gower Riddle, b. 27 May 1881.

xii.    Harold Dick Riddle, b. 05 Aug 1883.

xiii.   Hilda Mary Riddle, b. 24 Jun 1885.


8. Ann3 Riddle (Robert2, William1) was born 1830 in Albrighton Shifnal, Shropshire.. She married William Bate 31 Jan 1863 in Pattingham Wolverhampton, son of John Bate. He was born 1827 in Pattingham Staffordshire.

Children of Ann Riddle and William Bate are:
i.   Annie4 Bate, b. 1866, Pattingham Staffordshire.

ii.   Lillian Bate, b. 1864, Pattingham Staffordshire.


Generation No. 4

9. Caroline4 Hopkins (Caroline3 Riddle, James2, William1) was born 1852 in Comberbach Cheshire. She married George John Carter 1872 in St. Mary's Church Great Budworth Cheshire, son of William Carter and Christian Pownall. He was born 1838 in Tatton Cheshire.


Children of Caroline Hopkins and George Carter are:
i. Cuthbert5 Carter, b. 1874, Rostherne Cheshire.
ii.     George T. Carter, b. 1877, Rostherne Cheshire.
iii.    William Carter, b. 1879, Rostherne Cheshire.

10. James4 Riddle (William3, James2, William1) was born 1862 in Pattingham Staffordshire. He married Isabella Mary Brighton 1891 in Westbury on Severn. She was born 1863 in Reading Berkshire.


Children of James Riddle and Isabella Brighton are:
i. Kathleen5 Riddle, b. 1895.
ii.     Marjorie Riddle, b. 1898.
iii.    Robert riddle, b. 1900.


11.   Carry4 Riddle (William3, James2, William1) was born 1864 in Pattingham Staffordshire. She married George Haskett 1891 in Bromsgrove. He was born 1869 in Frome Somerset.


Children of Carry Riddle and George Haskett are:

i. Leonard G5 Haskett, b. 1893, Paddington London.

ii.     Ernest A Haskett, b. 1897, Swindon Wiltshire.

iii.    may Muriel haskett, b. 1906.


12.   Lizzie4 Riddle (William3, James2, William1) was born 1864 in Pattingham Staffordshire. She married Elijah Hillman 1891 in Bromsgrove. He was born 1865 in Kingswinford Staffordshire.


Children of Lizzie Riddle and Elijah Hillman are:

i. Ernest F.5 Hillman, b. 1891, Bromsgrove Worcestershire.

ii.     Florence L. Hillman, b. 1893, Kingswinford Staffordshire.

iii.    Harold W. Hillman, b. 1897, Dudley Worcestershire.


13.   John4 Riddle (William3, James2, William1) was born 1866 in Pattingham Staffordshire. He married Edith Laura Shayle 1897 in Ross. She was born 1872 in Munsley Herefordshire.


Child of John Riddle and Edith Shayle is:

i.   Robert C E5 Riddle, b. 1898, Little Birch Herefordshire.


14.   Florence Maude4 Riddle (William3, James2, William1) was born 1868 in Pattingham Staffordshire. She married Humphrey Jones 1894 in Newent Gloucestershire. He was born 1863 in Newent Gloucester.


Child of Florence Riddle and Humphrey Jones is:

i.   Margaret E.5 Jones, b. 1899, Newent Gloucester.


15.   Arthur4 Riddle (William3, James2, William1) was born 1871 in Pattingham Staffordshire, and died 1955.
He married Alice Mary Foan 25 Dec 1906 in St. Thomas Church Dudley. She was born 21 Apr 1885 in Twickenham Brentford.


Children of Arthur Riddle and Alice Foan are:

i. William James5 Riddle, b. 1907, Tipton Staffordshire; d. 14 Sep 1995, Peterborough Ontario. Canada; m. Fran Gertrude Leclair; b. 1906, Sussex New Brunswick Canada; d. 29 Jan 1993, Peterborough Ontario. Canada.

ii.     Ivy Riddle, b. 1909.

iii.    Arthur Leslie Riddle, b. 1916, Renfrew Canada.


16.   Octavia Annie4 Riddle (William3, James2, William1) was born 1873 in Pattingham Staffordshire. She married Charles Henry Jones 1897 in Newent Gloucestershire. He was born 1863 in Newent Gloucestershire.

Child of Octavia Riddle and Charles Jones is:
i.   Harold C.W.5 Jones, b. 1901, Aston Birmingham.


17. Ernest Cooper4 Riddle (John3, James2, William1) was born 1873 in Narrabri NSW Australia, and died 1939 in Woollahra NSW Australia. He married Annie Bibby. She was born 1873 in Manchester, and died 1948 in Woollahra NSW Australia.

Children of Ernest Riddle and Annie Bibby are:

i. Enid5 Riddle, b. 1900, Orange NSW Australia; d. 1986, Alstonville NSW Australia; m. John Warnock; b. 1894.

ii.     Harold J. Cooper Riddle, b. 1900, Orange NSW Australia; d. 1900, Orange NSW Australia.

iii.    John Goddard Riddle, b. 28 Feb 1908, Orange NSW Australia; d. 1996, Wahroonga NSW Australia; m. Anne Jeanette Power; b. 22 Jul 1916, Randwick NSW Australia; d. 2003, Wahroonga NSW Australia.


18.   Annie4 Bate (Ann3 Riddle, Robert2, William1) was born 1866 in Pattingham Staffordshire. She married Albert Edward C Smith Jun 1888 in Wolverhampton. He was born 1865.


Children of Annie Bate and Albert Smith are:

i. Berkley E.C.5 Smith, b. 1889, Pattingham Staffordshire.

ii.     Amy E. Smith, b. 1890, Pattingham Staffordshire.

iii.    Frederick Smith, b. 1892, Pattingham Staffordshire.


19.   Lillian4 Bate (Ann3 Riddle, Robert2, William1) was born 1864 in Pattingham Staffordshire. She married John Henry Thorpe Sep 1883 in Wolverhampton. He was born 1857 in Pattingham Staffordshire.


Children of Lillian Bate and John Thorpe are:

i. Gertrude H5 Thorpe, b. 1885, Pattingham Staffordshire.

ii.     Charlotte A Thorpe, b. 1886, Pattingham Staffordshire.

iii.    Lillian Thorpe, b. 1889, Pattingham Staffordshire.


1738 Born: Bobbington Staffordshire
Parents: Joseph Broadmeadow, & Mary Clay.
Died: 13 Apr 1809 Bobbington Staffordshire.
Married: 06 May 1776 Bobbington Staffordshire
Both OTP, he a husbandman, Bachelor & Spinster, wit Benjamin BM.

Born: 1745 Claverley Shropshire
Died: 12 Dec 1805 Bobbington Staffordshire
Parents: Daniel Jannes & Sarah
1/1. Mary Broadmeadow

Born: 31 May 1778 Bobbington Staffordshire
Married: 09 Jul 1804, Bobbington, James Cooper
Son of William & Elizabeth (Sparrey) Cooper, see above.

1/2. Sarah Broadmeadow

Born: 16 Mar 1777 Bobbington Staffordshire
Married: 10 May 1810 Bobbington, John Southall
Died 24 Oct 1842 Bobbington Staffordshire

1/3. Elizabeth Broadmeadow

Born: 07 Nov 1779 Bobbington, Died: 10 Apr 1781 Bobbington 

1/4. Ann Broadmeadow

Born: 01 Apr 1781 Bobbington Staffordshire
Married: 09 Sep 1802, Bobbington Staffordshire William Newton
Witness Sarah BM & Thomas Newton.
Died: 20 Feb 1835 Bobbington Staffordshire

1/5. Daniel Janns Broadmeadow

Born: 06 Oct 1782 Bobbington, Died: 14 Oct 1792 Bobbington

1/6. Elizabeth Broadmeadow.

Born: 24 Apr 1785 Bobbington Staffordshire.
Married:10 May 1810 Bobbington James Richards


From Graham Sadler:
James Sparrey (Sawyer) 25th March 1780 Bridgnorth Peculiars, worth a read, William Cooper (Sawyer) 28th. July 1821 Bridgnorth Peculiars.
I have a record of the marriage of James Sparry's son James to Jane Bradley, In the Claverley Parish Church, one of the witness's was William Cooper.
I also have a copy of the Will of a John Cooper buried Claverley 1727, I was trying to make a connection to William Cooper but no joy at the moment.
Graham  Lichfield Record Office  The Friary  Lichfield  WS13 6QG

Have a look at the report from the link below.
The Ernest Cooper Riddle the article refers to was the grandson of Benjamin Cooper 1814 Claverley.
If you are interested I will contact Cynthia Riddle, descendent of Ernest Cooper Riddle to see if she has any objections to me passing the information that I have, to you.
Regards Graham Sadler

Elizabeth Cooper bur Bobbington 10/8/1788.

Benjamin Cooper m. Ann Perry 13/5/1753, Bobbington, both OTP.
Issue: John 17531025, Edward 17550307 (bur 2/2/58).

1841 Census: Trysull, William Cooper (35, Ag Lab, N), Hannah (35, Y), Maria (11, Y), Henry (9, Y), William (7, Y), Emma (2, Y).

Also William Cooper of Highgate, Enville, breeding 1817-20.
William Cooper, renting house in Enville Tithe, 1840.

17.        Research to do


Dudely RO Research to do


M 60/4/(i)


Trust deed for erection of almshouses, 22 March 1688/9, bet. (a) John Turton snr of Brades, Rowley Regis, yeoman; (b) Henry Haden of Haden Hill gent., John Turton jnr, Thomas Willetts of Portway, John Grove gent. s. of Thomas Grove gent., Francis Corfield, John & Richard Russell, John Bath, Thomas Hill, Joseph Rowley, Christopher Chambers, Joseph Coleborne, John Martyn, Richard Aynsworth, John Parkes s. of William Parkes of Tottnall, William Steven and John Bridgwater, all of Rowley Regis.


1/4a. land at Old Hill.

(a) Conveys to (b) in trust for charitable purposes.

Signature of (a).

Witnesses: Jo. Grove, William Parkes, John Parkes s. of Richard Parkes.

Held by:    Sandwell Community History and Archives Service, not available at The National Archives

Parkes Family Documents

In Lord Dudley’s archives

Pre-nuptial Marriage Settlement

Ref No: DE/1/7/30

Date: 19 Apr 1670

Description: i) John Bate of Guarnell [Gornal], Sedgley, Staffs., Yeoman ii) John Turton the elder of the Brick House, Rowley Regis, Staffs., Ironmonger; and Sarah Turton, his daughter iii) John Jewks of Guarnall [Gornal], Yeoman; and John Turton the younger of Rowley Regis, Staffs., Yeoman Capital messuage in the occupation of i) and lands, including the Fiery Leasow; 2 cottages in Gornal. Consideration: marriage of Edward Bate, son of i) and Sarah Turton. Signed, sealed [broken] and witnessed. Endorsed: '18/1' and 'No.(4)'

Level: Item

Related Material: [bundled with DE/1/7/27 - DE/1/7/40]



Ref No: DSCAM/2/3/14/5

Date: 6-7 July 1710

Description: Lease and release by John Turton of Crutchett Fryers, London, Clerk and Katherine his wife, to John Turton of the Brades, parish of Rowley Regis, Staffs., gentleman, of a messuage and lands (Well Croft, Mucklow Croft etc.) in or near Rowley, as specified; consideration of 300.

Level: Item

Technique: Manuscript

For more information contact: Dudley Archives


Bourne family deeds: Watson's Green DSCAM/1/3/2/50-66


DSCAM/1/3/2/50: Deed (10 Nov. 1732) between
William Parkes the younger of Dudley, Worcs., baker (eldest son of William Parkes the elder of Dudley, maltster) of the one part
and Abraham Stoakes of Stowerbridge, Worcs., baker, of the other part declaring the uses of a Fine of a messuage
Wheras for the docking and barring of all estates tail of and in the messuage or dwelling house herin after mentioned and fir the better and more perfect conveying and assuring thereof unto William Parkes younger one fine sur cognizante de droit come ceo & was had and levyed this present Michaelmas term in the court of common pleas at Westminster and before the justices of the same court by and between AS plt and William Parkes elder William Parkes younger and Joseph Parkes and John Parkes defendants of seven messages one barn two gardens 8 acres of land six acres of pasture and common of pasture with the apps in Dudley
And whereas the fine doth comprehend and reprise and it was intended and agreed at the time of the levying the same that the same shoild among other things comprehend and remprise
All that messuage or dwelling house and all barns outhouses buildings outhouses gardens orchards fold yards backsides  thereunto belonging and also all those three pieces of land or pasture ground to the messuage belonging or apps cont 12 acres iin Dudley between the land of James Hinckes gent and thr land of Aloce Partridge wioow and a land leading from Watsons Green towards Fivedale at on or near some or most pasrts thereof and are now in the tenure or occupation of John Loock and all ways etc
And whereasa there has been as yet no use or uses of the fine declared as to for and concerning the messuage lands etc
Now this indenture witnesses that it is hereby concluded declared and agreed by and between the parties ot these presents
That the said fine soe as aforesaid or in any other manner had or levied and all and every other fine or fiens had levied or executed or to be .. of or upin the afsd premises or between the parties to these presents or whereunto they of any of them are is have been or may be parties shall be and enure and be deemed take construed and adjudged to me and enure & as to for & concerning the messuage etc to & for the use of William Parkes younger etc for ever


Michaelmas term 1732

Extract of a fine
Abraham Stokes WPe WPy Joseph Parkes and John Parkes Defendants of  7 messuages, one barn 2 gardens and 8 acres of land and 6 acres of pastrure aand common of pasture with apps in Dudley
Before Richard Somcoe & Thomas Parks gents by commomn 9 Nov

William Turton

William Turton DE/1/6/75/1 & 2 1726
Sarah Turton, widow of John Turton, late of Oldbury, Halesowen, gent
John Turton of the Brades, Rowley Regis, Ironmonger
Phoebe Turton daughter of Sarah Turton and sister of John Turton.
/1 leases for a year:
Dated 12 July 1726:
SST and JT for 1/- from PT..sell.. that messuage, dwelling house ...all that close or parcel of ground with ... now in two parts and divided  and now or late called the Well most? Being together in Rowley, bewtween the land there now of John Dobbs and John Grove gent and the lane leading from Rowley Church towards Blackheath on or near on all sides thereof and also all that croft or pacell of land now or late called Hemblows? Croft in Rowley, now in the present holding of William Roberts and also all those two closes or parcels of ?? land known as the Lanb alt? Leas? Also both about four acres. And also all that Close adjoining and being the north part of Laris? hill containing two acres Also all that messuage etc wherein Alice grove formerly dwelt and where in Thomas Cartwright now dwells with the barn, hayshop garden and barnside thereunto belonging to RR and also that parcel of land lying in the field called Northfield containing half an acre, being bounded with the Glebe land and the land formerly of James Steward on all parts thereof also all that Close etc formerly in two parts in the occupation of Daniel Rork but now of the said William Roberts and adjoining the other part of the said Land And also all that little close .. south part of Lamb hill wherein the highway now is  All said messuages etc in RR
From the day next before this for a yeara at peppercorn rent  eh

/2: A second deed sells outright to Phebe Turton, the next day.

William Parkes, 1746 Exec of will

Ref No: Z105/13

Date: 1746

Description: to Joseph Woolley of Dudley, locksmith of the 1732 mortgate by demise by John Finch the younger of Dudley, ironmonger and William Parkes of Netherton, baker (executors of Robert Baylies) with further borrowing by Joseph Bolton of Dudley, blacksmith (son of Joseph, deceased) and Eleanor his wife secured by a term of 2000 years.

Level: Item

For more information contact: Dudley Archives

William Parkes 1732 Conveyances

Lease for a year and £18 – lands in Turton deeds.
Ref No: DSCAM/2/3/14/9-11

Date: 1732-1750

Description: Lease and release (24-25 Dec. 1732) by William Parkes the younger of Dudley, Worcs., baker and Phebe his wife, to Thomas Sanders, Rector of Avon Dassett, Warwickshire, of a messuage and lands (the Wellcrofts, the Field and Mucklows Croft) at Rowley Regis, Staffs. (tenants etc. given); consideration of 415.

Level: Item

Technique: Manuscript

For more information contact: Dudley Archives

M 60/4/(i)


Trust deed for erection of almshouses, 22 March 1688/9, bet. (a) John Turton snr of Brades, Rowley Regis, yeoman; (b) Henry Haden of Haden Hill gent., John Turton jnr, Thomas Willetts of Portway, John Grove gent. s. of Thomas Grove gent., Francis Corfield, John & Richard Russell, John Bath, Thomas Hill, Joseph Rowley, Christopher Chambers, Joseph Coleborne, John Martyn, Richard Aynsworth, John Parkes s. of William Parkes of Tottnall, William Steven and John Bridgwater, all of Rowley Regis.


1/4a. land at Old Hill.

(a) Conveys to (b) in trust for charitable purposes.

Signature of (a).

Witnesses: Jo. Grove, William Parkes, John Parkes s. of Richard Parkes.

Held by:    Sandwell Community History and Archives Service, not available at The National Archives

Parkes Family Documents

In Lord Dudley’s archives

Pre-nuptial Marriage Settlement

Ref No: DE/1/7/30

Date: 19 Apr 1670

Description: i) John Bate of Guarnell [Gornal], Sedgley, Staffs., Yeoman ii) John Turton the elder of the Brick House, Rowley Regis, Staffs., Ironmonger; and Sarah Turton, his daughter iii) John Jewks of Guarnall [Gornal], Yeoman; and John Turton the younger of Rowley Regis, Staffs., Yeoman Capital messuage in the occupation of i) and lands, including the Fiery Leasow; 2 cottages in Gornal. Consideration: marriage of Edward Bate, son of i) and Sarah Turton. Signed, sealed [broken] and witnessed. Endorsed: '18/1' and 'No.(4)'

Level: Item

Related Material: [bundled with DE/1/7/27 - DE/1/7/40]



Ref No: DSCAM/2/3/14/5

Date: 6-7 July 1710

Description: Lease and release by John Turton of Crutchett Fryers, London, Clerk and Katherine his wife, to John Turton of the Brades, parish of Rowley Regis, Staffs., gentleman, of a messuage and lands (Well Croft, Mucklow Croft etc.) in or near Rowley, as specified; consideration of 300.

Level: Item

Technique: Manuscript

For more information contact: Dudley Archives

18.        Changes & Footnotes:

24/11/00 Norman Power details.
20/12/00 added Beryl Allcoat from Sarah Cope.
13/4/2001: Wilkes note Census 1851.
15/6/2001: resaved HTML from Word
24/9/2001: edited & fryer notes
7/11/2001: Parkes 1881 census details.
23/12/2001: Links & Turners
15/1/2002: William & Sarah Turner D/C. Add Power page.
20/2/2002: more Turner details (census).
5/3/2002: Death certs & Marriage certs Josiah, Catherine & Beatrice.
14/3/2002: Misc downloads added.
5/5/2002: minor editing
18/7/2002: layout and editing
28/9/2002: 1901 Census data.
27/11/2002: Joshua Wilkes info
13/5/2003: Gandys
19/5/2003: Appendices moved to new file
26/9/2003: Reference to Stait in NZ
8/10/2003: edited.
25/2/2004: Fryer/Turner re Irene Bishop.
25/6/2004: added tree data
2/7/2004: remove Fryer family to separate file.
21/11/2004: Gandy info.
9/6/2005: John Parkes/Elizabeth Sharp Story.
14/8/2005: misc census results
28/2/2006: William Cooper descendants
14/11/2006: Edward Parkes descendants
7/2/2007: editing & Jill Bradley info added more.
19/3/2007: Cope info from Brannon Cope website.
21/6/2008: Watkins Family
14/8/2008: Cope family Bottomley additions.
6/8/2009: Edited & William Riddle info
30/1/2011: Accumulated small changes.
25/9/11: small changes
18/3/2012: edited
22/1/2013: edited – foot & end notes reorganised.
15/10/2015: web frame

3/12/2015: Dudley Archive material.
16/9/2017: William Parkes, Baker of Dudley family

9/5/2019: Dudley record Office & other info revised.

21/3/2020: links amended.

3/1/2021: edited & checked for printing.
14/1/2021: added more research to do. Detail additions to ET Parkes.
21/9/2023: minor changes



[i] Married, 11/11/1956, London, Jonathan Sayeed, born 1946, sometime Conservative MP.

2/1. Edward Sayeed, born 13/3/1985.
2/2. Richard Sayeed, born 16/2/1988.

[ii] allen hindmarsh"

[iii] Tim Beauchamp, 11/2010: Beatrice joined the Fannies at the beginning of the war - were they really called that? - and was a driver. divorcing Tim, she bunked off with a Group Captain David  - of Elizabeth's family - whom we knew as Nosegay, and my mother was convinced that her father died of heart-break rather than TB. at my grandfather's graveside, Beatrice said to my mother: 'OK, so now your father's dead, I suppose you better come and live with us'. Beatrice died about 20 years ago, Nosegay about 10 years before that. the letters you sent speak of my mother becoming head girl in about '44, if you look closely, which would have made her too young to be Tim's wife.
i'm writing an autobiography. no, autobiography's too strong a word; memoir perhaps, but perhaps not even that. one of seven chapters so far planned deals with my family. you may be interested to have a copy of my family history when i've done? five or six individuals stand out in various lines - fascinating, even if genealogically rather remote from Maitland. if you've a copy of Debrett to hand, see Proctor-Beauchamp, Bt.
why Bulgaria? a no-brainer really. my present wife is Belarusian, ethnically Russian, and she didn't like living in England. sitting in front of a computer in Almaty (KZ) one evening, six years ago, as one does, we had a straight choice between Bulgaria and Romania. the Bulgars love the Russians for one reason or another, and they didn't then know too much of the English, one way or the other. we've been living here now for five years. with hindsight, though, i'm sure i'd have enjoyed better settling in Transylvania. but i still work for a firm in the City.
if you're ever in Bulgaria, do look us up. we're near Veliko Tarnovo, closer to Bucharest than Sofia, as the crow flies. (i note your address is Knighton. i know Clun very well.)
cell phones don't work in our village; the land line is +359 61 937 234. my email address in my telephone number.

[iv]  Jan/Feb 2013 via
hullo, Graham Sadler has sent me some info . posted by you. Union locks, about the parkes family and lock foundry..very, very interesting, my maternal grandma was marie elizabeth follows nee parkes, her daughter was mary m.j. jones nee follows. I believe there was also a son john josiah a another sibling of marie elizabeth.
Are we related? even distantly? G.S. is a 1st cousin 5 times removed.

Hello antony good to hear from you, and find another cousin, found one more on the parkes side, 5th cousin I think he is, and one on my fathers mothers side, the ottewills. I don't know what you would like to hear about me, I was born and brought up in wolverhampton (May 1942), mother mary jones nee follows had 2 brothers and a sister, I am an only child. married in 1966 went to live in glos. in 1969 Have 2 sons by my 1st husband, whom I divorced in 1987. Remarrried in 1993, a lovely man, younger than me, the boys are very fond of him. Eldest son lives in edgbaston, younger son lives in north cornwall. Peter and I moved to Peterborough Cambs in 2002 when he was headhunted by Perkins Engines, we live only a few miles from Lincs border on the edge of open fields, it is lovely for wildlife and walking the dogs. I like cooking, birdwatching, caravanning, gardening and our rescue lurchers. There I have bored you enough, would you like to tell me a bit about yourself? I would be interested, as we are a small family, well my side is, only 2 cousins on the follows side, and one cousin on the Ottewill/Jones side.
Best wishes Anne
you can email me at home if you would prefer, on

[v] From Jayne Layfield ( 9/2009: Muriel (still born) Hilda (my mother)Herbert, Nina (still alive age 92 living in Canada)

[vi] Sue Reeves <>

[vii] 5/2008.

[viii] 8/2008.

[ix] 1/2009

[x]  1/2009

[xi] Charlie Ralph, 4/2004

[xii] Debbie & Matthew Jones 2/2009.

[xiii] Charles Ralph, 4/2004 "Charlie" <>

[xiv]  "Graham Sadler" <>

[xv], Graham Lambert 2/2014.

[xvi] 2/2018.

[xvii] 8/2017:

[1] This print comes from Turner’s series, Picturesque Views in England and Wales. Here, however, rather than focusing on the conventionally ‘picturesque’ subjects of castles, abbeys or ruins, he puts industrial activity firmly in the foreground. Dudley’s convenient location at the heart England, in an area rich in raw materials, had helped its transformation into a busy industrial centre. But as so often with Turner’s landscapes there is still a pointed reminder of the past, in form of the ruined castle on the hill in the background. Stored in Parkes pictures.

Gallery label, August 2004. Tate ref turner-dudley-worcestershire-t05097.

[2] Dudley DE/1/3/393

[3] Family Sources

[4] JP&S previous 4 paras

[5] JP&S & Census

[6] Dud_Dudley_s_metallum_martis 1665 – copy held.

[7] Royal Gazette

[8] DH Collection

[9] JPS&S History

[10] JP&S History


[12] Will

[13] Birmingham Daily Gazette - Tuesday 22 June 1920

[14] CWP-B-34 & P29-05-13

[15] Birmingham Daily Post (Birmingham, West Midlands, England)02 Apr 1886, Fri

[16] Birmingham Daily Post (Birmingham, West Midlands, England)04 Feb 1888

[17] Birmingham Daily Post (Birmingham, West Midlands, England)17 Aug 1881, Wed

[18] Birmingham Journal - Saturday 04 April 1863

[19] Birmingham_Daily_Post_Tue__Sep_1__1868

[20] London Gazette 27 May 1874

[21] Midland Examiner and Times - Saturday 07 October 1876

[22] London Gazette 7 Jan 1879

[23] Birmingham Daily Post Wed Aug 17 1881

[24] Birmingham Daily Post - Thursday 20 August 1885

[25] Birmingham Daily Post - Thursday 20 August 1885

[26] Staffordshire Advertiser 01 April 1916

[27] Manchester Weekly Times and Examiner Sat Apr 8 1882

[28] Commercial Gazette January 9, 1879 Newspaper Archive.

[29] Birmingham Daily Post 6 Nov 1895.

[30] Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette - Thursday 03 July 1890

[31] Newcastle Daily Chronicle - Tuesday 28 February 1893


John Marston; His Family, and His Career by Bev Parker

[33] Birmingham Daily Post - Wednesday 06 June 1894

[34] Dudley DE/1/3/393

[35] The Standard (London, Greater London, England)14 Mar 1895,

[36] Wolverhampton Express and Star 02 April 1885

[37] London Gazette 26 Sept 1873

[38] Census for generation 3, descent from Marie noted.

[39] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011554.pdf

[40] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011554.pdf

[41] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011554.pdf

[42] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011562.pdf

[43] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011554.pdf

[44] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011554.pdf

[45] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 008576.pdf

[46] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011554.pdf

[47] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011554.pdf

[48] Other Birth possibilities for Richard Parkes:
The birth date given in Alan Parkes’s story may have been based on marriage date.
in Sedgley, Rowley Regis, Old Swinford:
A. ch: 23/4/1738, Rowley Regis, Richard/Margarett, probably too old.

Richard Parkes m Margaret Perry, RR 13/8/1733

B. ch: 13/8/1738, Rowley Regis, Samuel/Mary: Mary bur. same day, Richard bur 6/4/1740, son of Samuel.

ch: 4/5/1740, Rowley Regis, Richard/Sarah: Richard Parkes, son of Sarah, widow, buried 19/4/1743: prob Richard born 4/5/1740. See Richard ‘P’ bur 12/9/1741, RR, probably the father.

These are a bit late:
ch: 5/11/1745, Old Swinford, William/Sarah (William m. Sarah Kindon 3/1/1744)
ch: 22/3/1747, Sedgley, father Josiah - note names.

[49] Ref No: DE/1/3/389. Date: 2 Jan 1786

[50] - Wolverhapmton Arts & Museums index. DE-1-3-9-393-2


[52] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 008576.pdf & FMP

[53] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011552.pdf

[54] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 009005.pdf

[55] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 011559.pdf

[56] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 008576.pdf

[57] Wolverhampton History Centre, Printed Reg, 008998.pdf

[58] Ref in Richard Parkes 1796 DE/1/3/9/393/2

RIDDLE, Sir ERNEST COOPER (1873-1939), banker, was born on 5 April 1873 at Narrabri, New South Wales, one of thirteen children of English parents John Riddle, station manager, and his wife Agnes, née Cooper. Riddle left Narrabri Public School to join the Bank of Australasia at Narrabri in 1889 as a junior ledgerkeeper/teller. In Sydney during the banking crisis of 1893 he was responsible for the bank's Hurstville agency. After experience at other branches, in 1898 he was appointed manager at Orange where he spent fourteen years. On 14 June, at Hurstville, he married Annie Bibby with Anglican rites.

In December 1912 Riddle was appointed sub-manager in Perth from which he was recruited by (Sir) Denison Miller for the Commonwealth Bank of Australia. He took over as manager of its Perth branch in April 1915 where Miller expected he would have ample scope to develop business.

At Orange in 1903 Riddle had joined the Australian Military Forces (militia), rising by 1910 to the rank of major. At the outbreak of World War I he was refused permission to enlist both by the Australasia and later the Commonwealth Bank. Indeed, Riddle was to have a major role in organizing war loans in Western Australia. He was sent to London in March 1922 for experience and to inspect the branch, and returned to Perth in October by way of the United States of America where he met international bankers.

On Miller's death, Riddle was appointed acting manager of the bank's head office in Sydney in June 1923. Promotion was rapid: next January he was elevated to inspector and, in November, appointed manager in Melbourne. Within a year he was deputy governor (October 1925), and in June 1927 he became governor for a five-year term. His appointment occurred shortly after Sir Robert Gibson was elected chairman of the board, and their partnership coincided with Australia's greatest economic and financial crisis. The contrast between them was stark: Gibson was a businessman with no background in banking and finance, Riddle a widely experienced and competent banker. Gibson's drive and intensity allowed him to exert major influence in important policy matters and he assumed full responsibility for encounters with the government about important economic decisions. Riddle readily left this role to Gibson as the bank's predominant trading and savings operations offered him plenty of scope.

Riddle was reappointed governor for a seven-year term from June 1932. That year he attended the Imperial Economic Conference at Ottawa as financial adviser to the Australian delegation. He then went to London where he played a vital part in exchange-rate deliberations. Determined to take the first steps towards a return to sterling parity, Gibson had tried to convince the bank's board. Riddle argued against him because of uncertainty about the continuation of improved commodity prices and an impending loan conversion. Supported by the Bank of England and aided by a lack of enthusiasm for exchange-rate appreciation from some board members, Riddle's advice was accepted. In 1935 he was knighted.

When Riddle gave evidence to the 1935-36 royal commission on banking there were some signs of deterioration in his health. To the then chairman of the bank, Sir Claude Reading, Riddle wrote that he had managed to steer through his evidence without any very embarrassing questions or answers. There is, however, some evidence that the commission was not impressed and Alexander Bell, who had been acting chairman during Reading's absence, subsequently testified for the bank instead of Riddle.

In 1936 Riddle took sick leave. He returned to duty but, suffering from Parkinson's disease, retired in February 1938. In his youth Riddle was a keen sportsman. Always popular, he was an expert rifle shot and first-class golfer, tennis player and bowler. He was a trustee of Church of England property in the Sydney diocese and belonged to the Australian, Royal Sydney Golf and other clubs. He died on 28 February 1939 at his Woollahra home and was cremated. His wife, son and daughter survived him.

His successor, Sir Harry Sheehan, considered Riddle would be remembered 'for his lovable disposition, his honesty of purpose, his straight-forwardness and integrity, and his sound knowledge of banking'.

Select Bibliography
L. F. Giblin, The Growth of a Central Bank (Melb, 1951); C. B. Schedvin, Australia and the Great Depression (Syd, 1970); Australasian Insurance and Banking Record, 63, no 3, 21 Mar 1939; Sydney Morning Herald, 1 Sept 1939; Reserve Bank of Australia Archives, Head office, Sydney; private information. More on the resources
Author: J. A. Kirkwood
Print Publication Details: J. A. Kirkwood, 'Riddle, Sir Ernest Cooper (1873 - 1939)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, Melbourne University Press, 1988, pp 389-390.

[60] 4/2019

[61], 4/2019.

the grandson of the 1st Lord Ward of Birmingham and his wife, Frances, suo jure Baroness Dudley. His father was prominent in county affairs under Charles II and James II, acting as a deputy-lieutenant and militia captain, but made his opposition to James II’s policies manifest by returning negative answers to the first two of the ‘three questions’ and was obviously acceptable to the new regime after the Revolution, as he served as sheriff in 1689. It is difficult to disentangle Ward’s activities from his father’s for most of his life, and his early career from that of his cousin, Hon. William Ward, heir to Lord Ward and Dudley, who died in 1692, and his second son, Hon. William Ward, who eventually became the 10th Lord Dudley in 1731.2


Ward may have completed his education in Europe, for a warrant was issued to a man of that name to travel to Holland in 1692, and a namesake was at Padua in 1694. Considering the influential position of the family in south Staffordshire and his father’s senior place within it as the great-uncle to Edward, Lord Ward (a minor until 1725), it was always possible that Ward might aspire to serve in Parliament. His opportunity came in 1710 when a county meeting agreed that he should join the sitting Member, Hon. Henry Paget*, and then stand down at the next election in favour of Charles Bagot*. As a new Member in 1710, it is likely that all significant acts attributed to ‘Mr Ward’ in the Journals refer to the activities of John Ward III, or possibly John Ward IV, the newly elected member for Reigate. Nevertheless, Ward’s name appears on sufficient parliamentary lists for his political sympathies to be seen. On the ‘Hanover list’ of the 1710 Parliament, he was classed as a Tory. During the first session, he was noted as a ‘worthy patriot’ who had helped to detect the mismanagements of the previous ministry, and on 18 June 1713 he voted for the French commerce bill. He did not stand at the 1713 election, but was returned again in 1715. As such his name appears on two analyses of the new Parliament: on a list comparing it with the 1713 Parliament he was noted as a Whig, although the veracity of this classification may be doubted as the compiler referred to him as John Ward; on the other list, he was classed as a ‘whimsical’ Whig. It is likely that both analyses owe much to his attitude on the succession question. He was certainly perceived as loyal to Hanover, for the Earl of Uxbridge, his former colleague as knight of the shire, Hon. Henry Paget, made him a captain in the militia in July 1715 and Uxbridge’s successor as lord lieutenant, Lord Newport (Henry*), made him a deputy-lieutenant in November 1715. Indeed, he was very likely the William Ward who subscribed six horses for the defence of the county in November 1715. Nevertheless, he voted with the Tories until his death on 25 Oct. 1720. His son eventually succeeded to the family peerage as the 11th Lord Dudley and Ward, and was created Viscount Dudley and Ward in 1763.3


Ref Volumes: 1690-1715

Author: Stuart Handley

[62] Ref No: DE/4/7/11/28

Date: 10 Jun 1647

Description: i) Humble, Lord Ward and Dame Frances Ward his wife ii) Richard Parkes the elder of Withymore Mill, Dudley, Worcs., Yeoman Totnall House, etc. and nine closes called Totnall Moore [Moor] in Rowley Regis. Rent: 6d Signed, sealed and witnessed. Endorsed: 'Box 2 Bdle 1

[63] DE/4/7/4/12

[64] Staffs RO D260/M/F/1/2/6, via PRO Discovery.
WARD, William (1677-1720), of Willingsworth Hall, Sedgeley, b. 28 June 1677, 2nd and o. surv. s. of Hon. William Ward of Willingsworth Hall by Anna, da. and h. of Thomas Parkes of Willingsworth Hall. TP will 28 Jane 1675 – Canterbury will. See DE/1/14/23

[65] DE/4/7/11/24

[66] DE/4/7/11/28

[67] DE/1/6/255

[68] DE/1/14/34

[69] DE/4/7/4/93

[70] M60/4/1

[71] DE/4/7/4/116

[72] D-SCAM-1-3-2-58

[73] DE/1/6/79 Dated, 26 Dec 1772, Ref No:, Copy Date: 5 Dec 1799


[75] London Gazette FMP  7/11/1871.